Kupanga midrash

EA Anafunsa miyezi iwiri yapitayo

Pamene ulaliki umapanga halakhah yatsopano kuchokera mu aya, kupita ku njira yopangira halakhah Dauriyta (Ramban), kodi ana a Israeli adachita chiyani midrash isanatulutse halakhah iyi? Kungodutsa cholakwa cha Dauriyta (popanda kuzindikira)? Mwachitsanzo, asanafune kuti ophunzira anzeru azilemekezedwa ( halachah yotengedwa ku midrash ya "the"), akanatani? Iwo sakanalemekezedwa ndipo akanakhala akuchita cholakwa cha Dauriyta? 

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1 Mayankho
mikyab Ogwira ntchito Adayankha miyezi 7 yapitayo

Ndithudi. Vuto ndi chiyani? Bola iwo samafuna lamulo ili iye sanali kudziwika choncho ngakhale amene anadutsamo anagwiriridwa.
Koma ngakhale pamenepo sikofunikira kuti iyi yonse ndi mibadwo yam'mbuyo. Nthawi zina lamulo lidafunidwa ngakhale kale, ndipo ulaliki womwe tili nawo ndi wanzeru.

EA Adayankha miyezi iwiri yapitayo

Vuto ndiloti izi sizingatheke. Halacha Dauriyta ndi chiyembekezero chachindunji cha Mulungu kuchokera kwa ife. Choncho ngati akuyembekezera chinachake kuchokera kwa ine ndi mwachiwonekere kuti adzandiuza, ndipo sadzadikira mibadwo ingapo mpaka wanzeru mmodzi abwere kudzatikonzanso zomwe Mulungu akuyembekezera kwa iye.

EA Adayankha miyezi iwiri yapitayo

Tikuyembekezera kuchokera kwa ife *

Tirgits Adayankha miyezi iwiri yapitayo

Mwina chitsanzo cha njira yomalizayi chili mu ulalo womwe uli pansipa. Zimatanthawuza kuti Rabbi Akiva adafuna ndikulenga ndipo sanatchule mwambo wa Shalach malo omwe Rabbi Tarpon amatsutsa, ndipo zikuwoneka kuti Rabbi Akiva mwina adapeza halakhah yoiwalika.

https://he.m.wikisource.org/wiki/%D7%A1%D7%A4%D7%A8%D7%99_%D7%A2%D7%9C_%D7%91%D7%9E%D7%93%D7%91%D7%A8_%D7%99_%D7%97

Tirgits Adayankha miyezi iwiri yapitayo

(Sindikukumbukira kuti ndi pati pomwe ndidawona kuti gwero ili likubweretsedwa. Ngakhale sizikuwonekeratu kuti Rabbi Akiva adapeza mwambo koma kuti mwambowo sukutsutsana nawo, koma zikutheka kuti ngati Rabbi Tarpon akumbukira zomwe adachita. adawona ndipo mwambo sunali ngati Rabbi Akiva ndiye Rabbi Tarpon )

Michi Adayankha miyezi iwiri yapitayo

Ndikosatheka kulemba chilichonse (onani Eruvin XNUMX chifukwa chake malamulo aku Durban sanalembedwe). Kupitilira apo, funso lanu ndi lokhudza ulaliki wamba. Chifukwa chiyani Mulungu anasankha kupereka Torah ndi Deresh. Simudziwa malingaliro ake.

Tirgits Adayankha miyezi iwiri yapitayo

Pa lingaliro lachiwiri kuchokera ku gwero la m'mabuku omwe ali pamwambawa zikuwoneka kuti iwo kwenikweni ankaganiza kuti ngakhale mlengi ankafuna sakanatha kutsutsana ndi mwambo, mwachitsanzo, ankaganiza kuti ngakhale m'mbuyomu ankadziwa maulaliki olenga kapena amakumbukira mfundo zawo (osachepera zambiri). Motero mikhalidweyo sinakhale ndi zonenazo “ndithudi. Malingana ngati sanafune, ndi zina zotero, aliyense amene ankadutsamo adagwiriridwa ”kapena adawona kuti ndizofunikira kwambiri.

Malipenga amawombedwa kuchokera ku Dauriyta (kwa mibadwomibadwo) pamaso pa khamu la anthu ndi pa nkhondo ya mitzvah ndi pa nsembe zina zapoyera (m’chipululu XNUMX: XNUMX-XNUMX). Kuchokera mu Torah pa Rosh Hashana (chaka chilichonse) ndi pa Yom Kippur pa Yuval, shofar imayimbidwa, ndipo mu Kachisi, malipenga amawonjezedwa ku shofar malinga ndi vesi la Masalimo.
M'mabuku a Ibid. Rabbi Akiva adafuna ulaliki m'mavesi a m'chipululu chomwe chatchulidwa pamwambapa chomwe chimalira mwalamulo ntchito zina ndi ansembe okhala ndi zilema. Rabbi Tarpon amabweretsa umboni wotsutsa izi kuti adawona amalume ake a Higer atayima ndikusekelera ndi malipenga. Rabbi Akiva akuyankha kuti mwina David wake adaphulitsa zophulika zomwe sizichokera mu Torah (kapena osati kuchokera paparsha yomwe tatchulayi momwe ulalikiwu ulipo) koma Rosh Hashana kapena Yom Kippur waku Yuval. Ndipo Rabbi Tarpon akukumbukira kuti adawona izi, ndipo akuti: "Ntchitoyi si nthano. Dalitsani Abrahamu atate wathu kuti Akiva anatuluka m’chuuno mwanu. Tarpon adawona ndikuyiwala, Akiva amafuna yekha ndipo amavomereza lamuloli. "Aliyense amene wapuma pantchito kwa inu ngati wopuma pantchito pa moyo wake."

Rabbi Tarpon amadabwa kuti Rabbi Akiva "adadzifunira yekha ndipo adagwirizana ndi lamulo," kutanthauza kuti Rabbi Akiva sanabweretse ulaliki wodalirika koma kufuna kulenga. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, tikuwona kuti Rabbi Tarpon nayenso adabwera kwa Deresh Yotzer ndipo akunena kuti sizowona kuti m'mbuyomo iwo sankachita ngati iye.
Izi zikutanthauza kuti Rabbi Tarpon akuganiza, ndipo mu Rabbi Akiva mwina amavomerezana naye, kuti sizingatheke (kapena n'zosamveka) kuganiza kuti m'badwo wakale iwo sankadziwa malamulo olondola kwenikweni. Ndiko kuti, zikulingalira apa kuti mapeto onse a maulaliki olenga (ie maulaliki olenga okha) ankadziwika kale, koma aiwalika, ndipo lero amene akufuna ulaliki wolenga ayenera kuganiza kuti akungobwereza ulaliki umene unali. zodziwika kale ndi kutsatira.
Ngakhale kuti n'zotheka kuti mwambowu si umboni wokwanira ndipo Rabbi Akiva akhozadi kuwiringula (pang'onopang'ono) kuti m'mbuyomo iwo sanaganizire za ulaliki wolondola umenewu mpaka Rabbi Akiva anaimirira ndikufunsa.

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