Malingaliro ndi Mtima - Malingaliro mu Phunziro ndi Chiweruzo cha Halachic (Mzere 467)

BSD

Masiku angapo apitawo, adafika patsamba la Daf La Bibamot, pomwe nkhani yosangalatsa ya "nyumbayo idagwera pa iye ndi mawonekedwe a mphwake ndipo sizikudziwika kuti ndani mwa iwo adamwalira poyamba, adachepetsa malaya ake osavula. "

Hayuta Deutsch adanditumizira ndemanga iyi ndi ndemanga iyi:

Ndi zazikulu! Chitsanzo chabwino (chimodzi mwa ambiri koma chokongola kwambiri) cha kukumana pakati pa dziko lovomerezeka la 'laboratory' ndi zochitika zenizeni (telenovela yokongola ndi yogwetsa misozi).

Pakukambitsirana komwe kunachitika pakati pathu pambuyo pake, ndinaganiza kuti kunali koyenera kupereka gawo kuzinthu izi.

Miyezo yamalingaliro ndi anthu munkhani za halakhic

Mukaganizira za izi ndikulowamo pang'onopang'ono pamlingo wamaganizo, ndi tsoka losavuta lomwe linagwera banja latsoka ili (lililonse mwa njira yakeyake, kumbukirani). Koma ine monga wophunzira wamba sindinazindikire konse. Iyi ndi zokambirana za halakhic zosangalatsa komanso zovuta, ndipo kwa ine palibe anthu ovutika pano, ndiko kuti, anthu. Zonsezi ndizithunzi kapena mithunzi pa siteji ya halakhic-luntha. Zolinga zamakhalidwe zophunzitsira malingaliro, zomwe zimapangidwira kuwonetsa malingaliro a halakhic. Mu phunziro lathu tikukamba za akupha, akuba, opha anthu, abodza, masoka ndi matsoka osiyanasiyana ndipo timakambirana zonsezi modabwitsa. Chifukwa chake ana ku Hyderabad amatha kuphunzira zovuta, ngakhale kutsatira kukumana kotere nthawi zonse makolo awo akadatsogozedwa ndi kulemekeza moyo wawo ndipo iwowo akadasiyidwa ndi chilankhulocho modzidzimutsa. Koma parade yonseyi imadutsa mwamtendere pafupi ndi ife ndipo sitiyang'ana m'maso.

Sindikuwona m'mawu awa a nyama yake yonyoza. M'malo mwake, amasirira kubwereza kwa ndege zokambitsirana (anthu ndi halakhic), koma komabe ndidamva kumbuyo matani akudzudzula kuzizira kwa zokambirana, mwachitsanzo, kunyalanyaza miyeso yovuta yamunthu pankhaniyi. A Gemara akufotokoza nkhaniyi ngati kuti ndi chidutswa cha nyama chomwe chagwera mu msuzi wamkaka, ndipo akupitiriza kukambirana za malamulo omwe amagwira ntchito pazochitika zotere. Akunyalanyaza kotheratu masoka owopsa a anthu omwe achitika kuno. Banja loferedwa limeneli latsala lopanda mkazi (kwenikweni limodzi la mavuto) ndi mbale amene onse ali a m’banja limodzi. Ndani amakhala pamenepo kuthandiza ana amasiye? (O, kulibe kwenikweni, apo sipakanakhala chimbale pano.) Mtima ndani amene salira ndi diso lanji lomwe silidzakhetsa pakumva zonsezi?! Pambuyo pake, pa makutu a moyo wathu wosamva makutu.

Ndikuganiza kuti nyimbo yomwe ndidamva m'mawu a nyama yake, idakhazikika pang'onopang'ono pazokumana nazo zatsiku ndi tsiku mu beit midrash kwa ophunzira a udokotala ku Bar Ilan (komanso m'malo ena achikazi). Pafupifupi nthawi iliyonse yomwe tabwera ku nkhani yotereyi, pakhala pali maumboni osasunthika kuchokera ku umunthu ndi phindu komanso makamaka maganizo a zochitika zoterezi, ndipo ndithudi kutsutsa kwa Gemara ndi kunyalanyaza kwa ophunzira pazinthu izi. Kuzizira ndi kusayanjanitsika komwe amawonetsa sikumveka komanso kosatheka. Tonse takhala tizoloŵera kuphunzira nkhani ya bambo kupereka mwana wake wamkazi wamng'ono kwa mwamuna yophika, mkazi woletsedwa kwa ichi ndi icho, agunot popanda njira yotulukira, "anakhala mu nsanja yake" ndi zambiri Lithuanian kukambirana mu. Talmud.

Ndimadzilola kunena kuchokera muzochitika kuti awa ndi ndemanga zomwe zimadziwika ndi amayi ambiri (ndi otsatira, zomwe ziri zofanana. Onani mwachitsanzo m'mipingo 104 ndi-315).[1] Mosakayikira, anthu aku Lithuania ngati ine sakhudzidwa ndi malingaliro otere ku BH. Ndikaperekanso uphungu kwa otsogolera telenovela imeneyo: Mwachitsanzo, akanachita bwino ngati akanaphanso mkazi wachiŵiri wa mbaleyo ndi kumubaya pamimba, yemwe ndi mayi wachihebri wa msuweni wa mwana wake wamkazi, yemwenso ali theka. kapolo ndi theka laulere lophedwa ndi Garma.Zomwe zili pakati pa mawu ndi kumizidwa mu mikveh ndi zipika zitatu za madzi opopa opanda dab zomwe zimawoneka ngati maonekedwe a vinyo. Akhoza kuphunzira kuchokera ku zabwino kwambiri, ndiko kuti, chiyaniudindo. Izi zikanapangitsa kuti kukambiranako kukhale kosangalatsa kwambiri.

Kutsutsa kofananako munkhani ina

Kutsutsa kumeneku sikungolunjika pa Talmud ndi ophunzira ake okha. Mugawo 89 Ndinapereka chitsanzo cha kutsutsa kofananako, ndipo nthawi ino muzochitika zamaphunziro ndi zamakono. Ndikutanthauza nkhani yodziwika bwino ya chubu chamagazi ku Technion (yomwe mwina idapangidwa ndipo idapangidwa). Ndikopera zinthu kuchokera pamenepo.

anauza Pazochita za Prof. Haim Hanani wa Technion, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti ayesedwe pakuyenda mu Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, ophunzirawo adafunsidwa kupanga chitoliro chonyamula magazi kuchokera ku Eilat kupita ku Metula. Anafunsidwa kuti apange zinthu zotani, momwe m'mimba mwake ndi makulidwe ake ayenera kukhala, ndi kuya kwanji m'nthaka kuti azikwirira ndi zina zotero. Ofotokoza nkhaniyi (ndipo ine ndekha ndamva ndi makutu anga odabwa anthu ena omwe anali odabwa kwambiri ndi nkhaniyi. Mopanda kunena kuti ndinadabwa kwambiri ndi mantha awo) akudandaula momwe ophunzira a Technion a tekinoloje, omwe ndithudi anataya kalekale. wojambula waumunthu (mosiyana ndi ma PhD okhudzana ndi jenda ndi zachuma zapakhomo Amakhala ndi chidwi chokhazikika pamakhalidwe, makamaka akapanga chubu chomwe chidzawatsogolere zolemba zawo molunjika ku machitidwe a Journals), kuthetsa mayeso ndikuzipereka popanda kumenya chikope komanso kufunsa chifukwa chake chubu chamagazi chotere chikufunika. Pongowonjezera kudabwa, akuti akuti kufufuza koteroko kunayambitsa maphunziro aumunthu mu maphunziro a Technion. Zikuoneka kuti wina adatenga ndemangayi mozama kwambiri.[2]

Kupitilira pa funso la kukoma ndi nthabwala za wolemba mayeso zomwe zitha kutsutsana nazo (ngakhale m'maso mwanga ndizosangalatsa), kudzudzula pakokha kumandiwoneka ngati kopusa. Vuto ndi chiyani ndi funso ngati limeneli?! Ndipo kodi pali amene akuganiza kuti mphunzitsiyo akufuna kukonza msasa wozunzirako anthu ndipo akuthandiza ophunzirawo kuthetsa vuto la kunyamula magazi? Ophunzira omwe adathetsa mayesowo amayenera kuganiza kuti izi ndi momwe zilili ndikutsutsa? Kupanga ndi yankho la mayeso otere sizimawonetsa chiwerewere mwanjira iliyonse, ngakhalenso kuchuluka kwamalingaliro amakhalidwe abwino a mphunzitsi kapena ophunzira. Mwa njira, ngakhale kutsutsidwa kopusa kumeneku sikumawonetsa kukhudzidwa kwakukulu kwa makhalidwe. Nthawi zambiri ndi malipiro amisonkho, komanso mopusa, chifukwa cha kulondola kwa ndale komanso kukhudzidwa kosafunikira.

Kupitilira pa funso ngati kuli koyenera komanso koyenera kupereka funso lotere pamayeso, ndikufuna kunena kuti ophunzira omwe adakumana nawo ndikuthana nawo popanda kuphethira kwa diso ndi ofanana kwambiri ndi akatswiri a halakhic omwe amadutsa mumkhalidwe ngati. yomwe ndidafotokoza ndi chikope chowuma chija. Ndi funso la nkhani. Ngati nkhani yake ndi ya halakhic kapena sayansi-zaumisiri, ndipo zikuwonekeratu kwa aliyense kuti palibe amene akufuna kupha kapena kutsogolera magazi, palibe chifukwa padziko lapansi choti mitima yawo injenjemere kapena kusangalala nayo. Ayenera kusiya macheke a zochitika zenizeni. Ngati pali wina amene zingwe zake zikugwedezeka ndi bwino ndithu. Aliyense ndi dongosolo lake lamalingaliro, ndipo monga tikudziwira palibe amene ali wangwiro. Koma kuona ichi ngati khalidwe limene limasonyeza makhalidwe a munthu ndipo pakalibe kunjenjemera ndi chizindikiro cha makhalidwe oipa kwambiri nthabwala zoipa.

"Ice amene anali wochenjera, ankaona ngati zamkhutu?"[3]

Munthu angakumbukirenso midrash ya nthano ya Korach Zatzokal yemwe adadandaula za Moshe Rabbeinu (Wofufuza wabwino, Masalimo a):

“Ndipo pampando wa Zimu” pali ayezi, amene anali kuseka Mose ndi Aroni

Kodi ayezi anachita chiyani? Mpingo wonse unasonkhana, ndipo kunanenedwa, Mpingo wonse usonkhane pamodzi. ndipo anali ndi munda umodzi. Iye anadza kudzalima - Mose anati kwa iye: "Usamalime ng'ombe ndi bulu pamodzi." Anadza kudzafesa - anamuuza kuti: "Chifuwa chako sichidzabzala hybrids." Anadza kudzakolola ndi kupanga mulu, nati kwa iye: Ikani choirira ndi wigi. Ndipo anadza kuyanga maziko, nati kwa iye, Pereka chopereka, ndi limodzi la magawo khumi, ndi limodzi la magawo khumi; Adalungamitsa chigamulo pa iye ndipo adachipereka kwa iye.

Kodi wosaukayu anachita chiyani? Anayima ndikugulitsa mundawo ndikugula nkhosa ziwiri kuti azivala ma gauze awo ndikusangalala ndi ng'ombe zawo. Aroni anadza kwa iye, nati kwa iye, Ndipatse ine woyamba kubadwa; ndipo Mulungu anati kwa ine, Ana oyamba kubadwa onse a zoweta zanu ndi pa zoweta zanu zazimuna, muzipereka kwa Yehova Mulungu wanu. Analungamitsa chiweruzo pa iye ndipo anamupatsa iye kubadwa. Yafika nthawi yometa ndi kuwameta - Aroni anadza nati kwa iye, Ndipatseni mpweya woyamba wa mpweya umene Mulungu anati:

Ndipo anati, Ndilibe mphamvu zoimirira ndi munthu uyu; Ndipo atawapha, Aroni anadza, nati kwa iye, Ndipatseni mkono, ndi tsaya, ndi mimba. (Iye) adati: "Ngakhale nditawapha, sindidamuchotse - Ndiwonyanyala kwa ine! Ndipo Aroni adati kwa iye, Ngati nditero, zonsezo ndi zanga; Natlan ndipo anapita kwa iye ndipo anasiya akulira iye ndi ana ake aakazi awiri.
Umu ndi momwe adalowa m'masautso! Chotero iwo achita nakangamira kwa Mulungu!

Zosweka mtima kwenikweni, sichoncho? Ndizokumbutsa pang'ono za ndemanga zomwe ndafotokoza pamwambapa, ngakhale pali kusiyana pano komabe. Kutsutsa kwa Ice kuli nazo. Akhoza kutengera zinthu zomwe zikuchitika ndikulemba nkhani yokhumudwitsa, koma ndizowona kuti nkhani yotereyi ikhoza kuchitika, ndipo ndithudi ndi malangizo a halakhic pazochitika zoterezi. Ndi chifukwa chake pali chotsutsa pano pa makhalidwe a halakhah, ndipo uku ndiko kunena kwakukulu. Ndakutchulanipo kambirimbiri Israeli adasewera, Katswiri wa zamankhwala wa ku Yerusalemu, amene ankakonda kulemba nkhani za kufooka kwa makhalidwe a halakhah ndi chipembedzo, ndipo amayambitsa zipolowe. Achipembedzo adapumira mpumulo atazindikira kuti nkhani yoteroyo sinapangidwe ndipo sinapangidwe, koma nthawi zonse ndimadabwa chifukwa chake inali yofunika. Ndithudi halachah imaletsa danga la Shabbat kupulumutsa moyo wa amitundu. Zowonadi, lamulo limafuna kuti mkazi wa Cohen agwiriridwe ndi mwamuna wake. Kotero ngakhale izo sizinachitike kwenikweni, ndiko kutsutsa kovomerezeka.

M'lingaliro limeneli, zotsutsa za Shaka ndi Kora ndizofanana kwambiri ndi zotsutsa zomwe taziwona pamwambapa zomwe zimakhudzana ndi nkhani yongopeka komanso yomveka bwino kwa iye. Zilibe chochita ndi mlingo wa makhalidwe a anthu kapena wa halakhah.

Vuto ndi chiyani?

Tiyeni tione mavuto ndi ndemanga za magazi chubu kapena telenovela pa siteji. Iyi ndi nkhani yongopeka yomwe sinachitike kwenikweni. Poyang'anizana ndi vuto lenileni loterolo, ndikuganiza kuti sitikhala osayanjanitsika nazo. Kusayanjanitsika kumapangidwa pano chifukwa cha chikhalidwe chongopeka cha nkhaniyi chomwe chikuwonekera kwa onse okhudzidwa, komanso chifukwa cha nkhani ya zokambirana. Tanthauzo lomwe milandu iyi imayambira ndi aluntha-akatswiri. Funso mu engineering limatanthauzidwa m'mawu ake ngati vuto la computational-teknoloji, ndipo moyenerera palibe amene amavutitsidwa ndi cholinga cha kuwerengera (chifukwa zikuwonekera kwa aliyense kuti palibe chinthu choterocho. Ndipotu pali, kuyesa kwa wophunzirayo. luso). N'chimodzimodzinso ndi telenovela pa siteji. Ndizodziwikiratu kwa onse kuti iyi ndi nkhani yongopeka yopangidwira kukulitsa kuzindikira kwa halakhic. Kuona nkhani yongopeka ngati ikuchitikadi ndi nkhani yachibwana eti? Ana amakonda kuitenga nkhani ngati nkhani yeniyeni. Akuluakulu ayenera kumvetsetsa kuti sizili choncho. M'malingaliro anga, izi ndizofanana ndi mafunso okhudza milandu ya Talmudic monga Gamla Farha (Mechot XNUMX: XNUMX ndi Yevamot Katz XNUMX: XNUMX), kapena Hittin yemwe adatsika m'nkhalango (Minchot Set XNUMX: XNUMX), omwe amadabwa kuti mlandu woterowo ungathe bwanji. kuchitika. Popereka chisamaliro ku nkhani yonse, ziyenera kuonekeratu kuti palibe amene akunena kuti izi zinali choncho kapena kuti zikhoza kuchitika. Izi ndizochitika zongopeka zomwe zimapangidwira kukonzanso mfundo za halakhic, monga milandu ya labotale mu kafukufuku wasayansi (onaniZolemba Pa Okimas).

Mwachidule, vuto la ndemangazi ndiloti amaganiza kuti munthu akuyenera kuchitira nkhani yongopeka yomwe imabwera pamaso pake ngati kuti ndizochitika zenizeni pano. Mukhoza kupereka chitsanzo kuchokera m’kanema kapena m’buku limene limafotokoza zinthu zoterezi. Taonani amene sangakonde Baibulo kapena kuona mkhalidwe woterowo kukhala wamtengo wapatali. Kodi zikusiyana bwanji? Ndi iko komwe, m’filimu kapena m’bukhu timayenera kukhala ndi malingaliro otero ndi kuloŵa mumkhalidwe. Yankho la izi ndilo lingaliro langa: 1. Dzina lachidziwitso ndi luso, kutanthauza kuti wogula (wowona kapena wowerenga) ayesetse kulowa muzochitikazo ndikuziwona. Ichi ndiye chiyambi cha luso lothawirako. Koma palibe muzochitika zamaphunziro kapena zaukadaulo-zamaphunziro. 2. Ngakhale zitakhala zachibadwa kuti kusuntha kwamaganizo koteroko kumachitika mwa amuna (kapena akazi), kulibe phindu. Ngati izi zitachitika - ndiye chabwino (palibe amene ali wangwiro, kumbukirani). Koma zonena za anthu m'dzina la makhalidwe abwino kuti ziyenera kuchitika kwa iwo ndizosiyana kotheratu. Kuwona munthu yemwe alibe izi ngati chilema pamakhalidwe ndichabechabe m'maso mwanga.

Zochitika zenizeni: kufunikira kwa kuchotsedwa

Ndinatsutsa kuti kuloŵerera m’maganizo m’nkhani yongopeka ndi nkhani yachibwana kwenikweni. Koma kupitilira apo, ndikufuna kutsutsa tsopano kuti ilinso ndi gawo loyipa kwa izo. Pamene zotsutsa zomwe tazitchula pamwambapa za ophunzira a udokotala zinawuka, ndinayesa kuwaphunzitsa mobwerezabwereza kufunika kwa kusokonezeka maganizo ndi maganizo pazochitikazo pochita ndi maphunziro a halakhic. Sikuti kukhudzidwa kwamalingaliro koteroko kulibe phindu, koma kumavulazadi. Kutenga nawo mbali m'malingaliro ndi m'malingaliro kumatha kubweretsa malingaliro olakwika a halakhic (ndiukadaulo). Woweruza amene amaweruza mlandu chifukwa cha malingaliro ake ndi woweruza woipa (kwenikweni, sichimalamulira nkomwe. Kungokuwa).

Zindikirani kuti pano ndikunena kale za kutchulidwa kwaumunthu pazochitika zenizeni zomwe zimabwera pamaso panga, osati nkhani yongopeka chabe. Ngati ndikumana ndi nkhani ya m'bale ndi mlongo yemwe adafera limodzi pachiwopsezo chowopsa, izi ndizochitika zenizeni zomwe zidachitikadi, choncho payenera kukhala phindu la kukhudzidwa kwa miyeso yake yaumunthu. Apa pali ndithudi phindu ndi kufunikira pochiza nkhaniyi pamagulu onse panthawi imodzi: aluntha-halakhic, aluntha-makhalidwe abwino komanso chidziwitso chaumunthu. Ndipo komabe, ngakhale muzochitika zenizeni, ndi koyenera mu gawo loyamba kuganizira za ndege yoyamba ndikudula zina ziwiri. Woweruzayo aganizire mofatsa za mlandu womwe wabwera pamaso pake. Zomwe halakhah imanena sizikukhudzana ndi zomwe kutengeka mtima kukunena (ndipo m'malingaliro mwanga ngakhale zomwe zimanena zamakhalidwe abwino), ndipo ndi zabwino kuti zimatero. Woweruzayo adule lamulo mopanda tsankho, ndipo motero akhale ndi ufulu wowongolera chowonadi cha Torah. Pa siteji pambuyo pa kusanthula kozizira kwa halakhic, pali mwayi wolowera m'maganizo muzochitikazo ndi makhalidwe ake abwino ndi anthu, ndikuwunikanso m'maganizo awa. Izi zikutanthauza kuti pamene kusanthula koyambirira kwa halakhic kumadzutsa njira zingapo zomwe zingatheke, munthu akhoza kulingalira za kutengeka ndi makhalidwe aumunthu ndi makhalidwe kuti asankhe pakati pawo ndikusankha chigamulo chothandiza. Kutengeka mtima sayenera kutenga nawo mbali pakuwunika koyenera, koma makamaka kubwera pambuyo pake. Kupitilira apo, mutha kuwona phindu pakugawana ndikumvera chisoni munthu yemwe ali patsogolo panu, ngakhale zilibe tanthauzo la halakhic. Koma zonsezi ziyenera kuchitika pa ndege zofananira, komanso makamaka kukhala mochedwa pachigamulo choyambirira cha halakhic. Kutengeka maganizo m’chigamulocho sikoyenera m’pang’ono pomwe.

Sindibwereranso mwatsatanetsatane kuzinthu zina zomwe ndapanga kale nthawi zambiri (onani mwachitsanzo pagawo 22, Ndipo mu mndandanda wa mizati 311-315), Kuti makhalidwe alibe chochita ndi kutengeka ndi kanthu. Makhalidwe abwino ndi aluntha osati nkhani yamalingaliro. Nthawi zina kutengeka mtima ndi chizindikiro cha chitsogozo cha makhalidwe abwino (chifundo), koma ndi chizindikiro chovuta kwambiri, ndipo ndikofunika kusamala kuti tiwudzudzule osati kuwatsatira. Muzimulemekeza ndi kumukayikira. Pamapeto pake, chosankha chiyenera kupangidwa m’mutu osati mumtima, koma mutu uyeneranso kuganizira zimene mtima ukunena. Chotsutsana changa chinali chakuti chizindikiritso mu chidziwitso cha kutengeka chilibe tanthauzo. Uwu ndi khalidwe la munthu, choncho ndi zoona. Koma ilibe phindu, ndipo iwo amene sanapatsidwe nayo sayenera kuda nkhaŵa ndi mkhalidwe wake wamakhalidwe ndi ubwino wake.

Pazifukwa izi, ndikutsutsa kuti ngakhale gawo lachiwiri, pambuyo pa kusanthula koyambirira kwa halakhic, palibe malo ofunikira okhudzidwa. Kuti makhalidwe mwina inde, koma osati kutengeka (pa se. Koma mwina monga chizindikiro ndi zina zotero). M’malo mwake, kutengeka maganizo ndi chiyeso cha chinyengo chosayenera ndi kupotozedwa kwa maganizo, ndi kupanga zosankha zolakwika.

Mapeto a izi ndikuti powerenga nkhani ya halakhic Talmudic palibe phindu pakukhudzidwa kwamalingaliro, ndipo munthu ayesetse kuthana ndi kusuntha kwamaganizidwe koteroko ngakhale kulipo (ndikunena za omwe sanathe kugonjetsa. izo ndi kuzolowera izo). M'malamulo othandiza halakhic (i.e. chigamulo pa nkhani inayake yomwe imabwera patsogolo pathu), kumene kutengeka maganizo ndi khalidwe ziyenera kuyimitsidwa, ndipo mwinamwake kupatsidwa malo ena mu gawo lachiwiri (makamaka makhalidwe abwino. Kutengeka pang'ono).

Kufuna kwa zida

Pali mkangano pamlingo wa zida kuti munthu amene sachita kuchitira anthu mongoyerekeza muzochitika zongopeka zotere sangachite izi ngakhale pokhudzana ndi zochitika zenizeni. Ndikukaikira kwambiri. Kwa ine akumveka ngati mawu abwino a madalitso asanu ndi awiri, ndipo sindikuwona chisonyezero cha kulondola kwake. Mulimonse momwe zingakhalire, aliyense wonena izi ayenera kubweretsa umboni wa mawu ake.

Kunena kofananako mwina kungapangidwe ponena za chizolowezi cha amisiri. The Gemara amanena kuti wojambula, dokotala kapena munthu amene anachita ndi akazi, "kuzunza antchito ake", choncho anamulola zinthu zoletsedwa kwa amuna ena (umodzi kapena kukhudzana ndi mkazi ndi zina zotero). Kukhala wotanganidwa mu ntchito yake yaukatswiri kumasokoneza malingaliro ake ndikulepheretsa zolakwa ndi malingaliro oletsedwa. Ine sindikudziwa ngati kugonana kwa gynecologist ndi duller chifukwa cha izo, ngakhale pamene iye amakumana ndi mkazi pa chikondi ndi unprofessional maziko. Ndikukayika kuti iyi ndi nkhani yosiyana, koma imafunikira kuunika. Anthu amadziwa kupanga kupatukana ndi kusagwirizana, ndipo m'lingaliro limeneli Dayan amaphunziranso mu Abidathiyahu Tridi. Munthu akamachita ntchito yake amadziwa kuchotsa malingaliro ake, ndipo sizikutanthauza kuti amakhala otopa kwambiri pazinthu zina. Zoonadi, wojambula yemwe ali wotanganidwa kwambiri ndi luso lake ndizochitika zowonjezereka kuposa zomwe tazitchula pamwambapa mu phunziro la halakhic, popeza kwa wojambula awa ndi akazi ndi zochitika zenizeni, pamene kwa wophunzira izi ndizochitika zongopeka. Choncho, ngakhale titapeza kuti maganizo a wojambulayo akucheperachepera, sizikutanthauza kuti izi ndi zomwe zimachitika mwa katswiri. Mwina n’zofanana kwambiri ndi woweruza amene sakugwirizana ndi maganizo ake, chifukwa woweruzayo amayang’anizana ndi milandu yeniyeni koma amachita zimenezi mwaukatswiri. Kumeneko kunganenedwe kuti mu luso lake ali ndi vuto.

Mfundo yophunzirira

Zinganenedwe kuti wophunzira yemwe amakumana ndi mikhalidwe yotereyo ndipo samadzutsa mwa iye malingaliro oyenera aumunthu samalowa mumkhalidwewo. Uwu ndi mkangano wotsutsana naye pamlingo wamaphunziro, osati pamlingo wamakhalidwe. Anthu amanena kuti sakuphunzira bwino osati kuti ndi wachiwerewere. Sindikuganiza kuti ndi choncho. Munthu angathedi kulowa mumkhalidwe wamaphunziro ngakhale ngati sali mmenemo m’lingaliro laumunthu. Mtsutso wanga, ndithudi, umachokera ku lingaliro la halakhah ngati ntchito yaukatswiri-yaukadaulo yomwe simakhudza ndege zamalingaliro (kupatula gawo lachiwiri, ndi zina). Komabe, cholakwika chamakhalidwe chomwe sindikuwona pano.

[1] Sindikudziwa kuti zikugwirizana ndi khalidwe lachikazi. Izi zikhoza kukhala chifukwa cha zinthu zachilendo, monga momwe amayi nthawi zambiri sanazoloŵere nkhanizi kuyambira ali ana.

[2] Zotsatira zake zokha ndizolandiridwa m'malingaliro anga. Sizowopsa kuti ophunzira ku Technion aphunzire zaumunthu. Koma palibe kugwirizana pakati pa izi ndi nkhani ya mtsempha wamagazi. Mlanduwu sukuwonetsa vuto lililonse lomwe liyenera kuthetsedwa, ndipo ngati pangakhale vuto lotere, maphunziro aumunthu sakanathandizira mwanjira iliyonse kuthana ndi vuto lake.

[3] Rashi m’chipululu XNUMX, p.

45 Malingaliro pa "Maganizo ndi Mtima - Zomverera mu Phunziro ndi Chiweruzo cha Halacha (Mzere 467)"

        1. Ndifotokoza mwachidule zomwe zidanenedwa pamenepo.

          A. Mlandu womwe wawonekera pagawo:
          [Munthu wina anakwatira mphwake ndi mkazi wina. Akamwalira ndiye kuti mchimwene wake sangakhale ndi mphwake (pubic) choncho mkaziyo ndi mkazi wina amene akufunika thandizo sangachotsedwe kuchotsa mimba ndi kubweza (kuchotsa mimba koletsedwa). Ngati mwana wa mphwakeyo anamwalira mwamuna wake asanamwalire ndiyeno mwamuna wakeyo n’kumwalira ndiye kuti pa nthawi ya imfa ya mkazi winayo sachita manyazi choncho amafunikira mwana.]
          Chigamulo cha ku Gemara ndi chakuti ngati wina sakudziwa yemwe adamwalira poyamba, ngati mwamuna adamwalira poyamba ndipo mkazi wake (mphwake) anali ndi moyo ndiyeno mkazi winayo adafa ndi zonyansa, kapena mkaziyo adamwalira poyamba ndipo mwamunayo anamwalira. ndiye mkazi winayo ali ndi ngongole yamwana. [Ndipo lamuloli ndi chifukwa chakuti pali chikaiko ngati chili chokakamiza mu Bibom kapena choletsedwa mu Bibom ndiye malaya osati Bibum].

          B. Nkhani ya Ahiyezeri:
          [Mwamuna amene adamwalira ndipo pa nthawi ya imfa yake adasiya umuna kapena mwana wosabadwayo mkazi wake salinso wonyansidwa. Koma ngati analibe mwana, kapena aliyense atafa asanamwalire, mkazi wake ayenera kukhala bibom. Ngati amwalira ndi kusiya mwana wobadwa pambuyo pa imfa yake, nakhalanso ndi moyo ola limodzi, namwalira, kapena kusiya mwana wamwamuna womwalira, ndiye kuti ndi mbewu yachilichonse, ndipo mkazi wakeyo wachotsedwa ku chonyansa.]
          Woweruzidwa mwa Ahiezeri ndi atate amene anamwalira ndipo pa imfa yake anasiya nyama imene inafa tsiku limodzi pambuyo pa atate wake, kaya mwana wodya nyama amaonedwa kuti ndi mbewu ya chinthu chilichonse ngati kufa ndipo mkazi wakufayo wamasulidwa ku chonyansa, nyama (yemwe angafa mkati mwa miyezi XNUMX). [Rose Garden akuganiza kuti kuphedwa sikumaganiziridwa kuti kuli moyo konse ndipo ndikoyipa kuposa kufa ndipo mkazi wakufayo ayenera kukhala bibom. Ahiezer akutsimikizira pazowonjezera kuti Ben Tripa adachotsedwa ntchito ku Maybum]
          https://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=634&st=&pgnum=455

          Pali zofanana m’chakuti anthu aŵiri m’banja anafa m’kanthaŵi kochepa (chifukwa chofanana).

        2. Ndikuganiza kuti Nadav akunena za yankho la Ahiezer ku HG pakati pa CJ:

          M’mwezi wa Adara XNUMX (c) pafunso la a Darg amene m’masiku akupha ku Iraq atate wake anaphedwa ndiyeno mwana amene anakhalako tsiku lina, amene zigawengazo zinamubaya ndi kumubaya mapapo, ngati ataloledwa kutero. kukwatiwa popanda kuchotsedwa, monga momwe Ginat Vardim anayankha Sephardi anabweretsedwa m'mawondo a Yosef ndi Harka'a ndi Petah Tikva, zomwe zikhoza kuwonjezereka.
          Apa ndinawona mu mayankho a Ginat Vardim ndipo sindinapeze umboni uliwonse kumeneko kuti ndiutsitsirenso, kokha kuchokera kwa achipembedzo ku Matanitin akufa ndi kutsogoleredwa osati kuchokera ku Tani Prefa, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti Detrapa sachotsedwa ntchito. Komabe, kuchokera ku Toss D. Ndipo ponena za Toss, zikuwoneka kuti anali kufa ndi munthu wofotokozedwa mu Khoti Lalikulu la Ayuda ndi Dalarbanan Darbav Hoy ngati nyama, ndipo kotero Maimonides mu PB kuchokera kwa wakupha Dahurgo saphedwa ngati nyama, ndi Demprashim GC wina. Da'af yemwe wapimidwa ndipo ali kumwalira. Ndipo zikuwonekeranso kuti nyumba za Hari Batos Yavmot, kumene Demguide ali kumalo kumene kulibe mapeto a moyo, ndi Mu B.H. A.H. Ndithu, zatsimikizika kuchokera m’mawu a Toss, chitsanzo chakufa ndi kutsogozedwa ndi munthu yemwe ali ngati nyama, ndi m’menemo m’kuukira kwa m’Qur’an ya Daudi, zomwe zawonjezeredwa ku S. osasamalira chimene ataya, pakuti akufa ndi otsogolera akusowa bib ndipo achotsedwa mu bib. Kawirikawiri, n'zodabwitsa kuti ngati mdzukulu wa mdzukulu atenga ndalama kuti apulumutsidwe, ndipo padzakhalanso kuchotsa mimba kwa m'bale yemwe ali ndi mwana wamwamuna yemwe walandidwa ndipo chifukwa adabweretsa mawu a Toss Reid pa Shabbat KK ndithudi sayenera kumveka konse chifukwa cha kukayikira kwa wokayikira, ndipo safunikira kupulumutsidwa ndikuloledwa kukwatira. + Shum mu Beit Yitzchak anayankha, Chiv. A.A. poyankha Beit Yitzchak Kha'a Shatma G.K.

          Koma iyi si nkhani yathu. Ngakhale munthu akhoza kusangalatsidwa ndi njira ya chithandizo komanso kusowa kwathunthu kwa malingaliro amalingaliro.

          1. [Ponena za mapeto a ndemanga zanu zokhudza njira ya chithandizo, ulendo wa Treasure of Wisdom umasonyeza kuti wofunsayo kuchokera kwa Ahiezer ndi Rabbi Zvi Pesach Frank amene anafunsidwa za izo ndi rabbi wa Safed kumene chochitikacho chinachitika, ndipo iwo achita kale. adawonetsa kugwedezeka, etc.

          2. Kwa kanthawi kochepa ndinaganiza kuti zingakhale zofanana ndi nkhani ya tsiku ndi tsiku ya wansembe yemwe anapha bwenzi lake pa nkhosa yamphongo, komanso atate ake amanjenjemera kuti akambirane za kuyeretsedwa kwa mpeni, zomwe nkhani ndi maulaliki analembedwa. koma sizikufanana konse chifukwa ndikupha adani.

            1. Pakati pa yankho la halakhic ndi ulaliki wa eulogy

              Pa XNUMX Nisani XNUMX (Rabbi Yosef Caro)

              Kukambitsirana konse kwa kumverera kapena kusakhala ndi malingaliro a oweruza a Halacha pamaziko a mapangidwe awo mu mayankho awo - ndizosafunikira. Anzeru aja anafotokoza chisangalalo chawo pa zochitika zoitanira anthu m’maulaliki awo m’deralo, zomwe cholinga chake chinali kudzutsa maganizo a omvera. Mu yankho la halakhic zokambirana ndi halakhic 'zouma'. Analamulira payokha ndipo anafuna payokha.

              Ndikoyenera kudziwa kuti ndi zochepa chabe mwa ntchito zanzeru za Israeli zomwe zidasindikizidwa, mwina chifukwa cha mtengo wosindikiza. Chifukwa chake, yesani kusindikiza kusankha komwe kuli ndi zatsopano. Kaya ndi zachilendo mu halakhah kapena zachilendo m'nthano. Kuwonetsa chisangalalo pa nkhani yabwino ndi chisoni pa mphekesera zoyipa - palibe zachilendo, munthu aliyense amamva, ndipo palibe chifukwa chotalikitsa ndikuwonjezera mapepala. Ngakhale muzatsopano adasindikiza pang'ono pang'ono.

              Zikomo, munthu wamng'ono.

              1. Ndime 1, mzere 1
                … Kutengera ndi mawu awo…

                Kuyenera kudziŵika kuti nthaŵi zina kulapa kumatalika m’mawu achisoni, pamene munthu waumirizidwa kulamulira mwankhanza. Pamene woweruzayo akuwona kuti ngakhale kuti ali ndi chikhumbo chachikulu sangathe kupulumutsa - ndiye kuti nthawi zina amawonetsanso chisoni chake mu chigamulo chake.

                Mwachitsanzo, Rabi Chaim Kanievsky analangiza mwachidule udindo wake m’mawu ochepa, koma Rabbi Menachem Burstein ananena kuti panali zochitika zimene Rabbi Kanievsky anati: ‘O, o, o. Sindingalole '.

  1. Chinachake chofanana ndi pamene cholakwika china chinafunsa Rosh Yeshiva momwe amachitira ndi nkhani ya PP popanda kuwapangitsa kukhala ndi chilakolako chogonana. Anayankha kuti ophunzirawo sakuchita ndi zenizeni, koma ndi miyambo ya halakhic ponena za izo.
    Ndithudi yankho lachilendo, chifukwa kufotokoza kwa Mishnah sikuli “mchitidwe umene unalipo”.
    Ndipo mocheperapo kuposa pamenepo, Shlomi Emuni Yisrael, motsogozedwa ndi akatswili omwe akuphunzira, akukonzekera kuthandiza mabanja.

  2. A. Kusanthula kwanu kumaphonyatu nthabwala m'mawu anga (ndi doc: telenovela! Mkati mwa nkhokwe yodabwitsa ya zolembedwa zoperekedwa ndi bukuli, mutha kulemba zambiri.).
    B. Onse ine ndi ophunzira anu a udokotala (omwe sali m'nkhani zamagazini-science-regrets, kapena samaphunzira mu Dipatimenti ya Macrame ndi Home Economics. Ndani adanena kuti kukonda chuma ndi kukonda chuma ndipo sanavomereze?) . Monga tanenera, ena a ife timasangalala nazo. Zowonadi, ambiri aife timakumana ndi zovuta zamtunduwu kwa nthawi yoyamba, ndipo zikuwoneka kwa ine kuti wophunzira waluso komanso wamba angapindule ndi kuyang'ana kwathu kodabwitsa komanso kwatsopano ("akunja") ndendende chifukwa ndi woyamba komanso wosazolowereka. kuyang'ana mwachizolowezi. Kukhala ndi thanzi labwino loyang'ana zinthu mwatsopano ndikofunikira kwa aliyense. Musaope, akatswiri abwino ndi oweruza (osati transgender) atulukamo.
    chachitatu. Komabe, katswiri wa dayan ndi woweruza sayenera kulira mowawa ndikuchotsa mitolo ya minofu pamene akuphunzira, m'malo mwake agwiritse ntchito luntha lawo ndi luso la kulingalira ndi kuphunzira. Ndikulankhula (kulankhula) za maonekedwe awiri ndi athanzi. Inde, ngakhale kuwongola kumagwira ntchito. Osati misozi chabe.
    D. Ndipo sadzakhala wansembe ngati wosunga nyumba ya alendo? Pitani mukaphunzire momwe zigamulo za oweruza a Khothi Lalikulu zimawonekera, motengera udindo wawo, zimathetsa zovuta zomwe nthawi zina zimakhudzanso masoka amtundu wina. Kusanthula kwalamulo kudzakhala pamenepo m’kuthwa kwake konse, ndipo popanda kufooketsa kuunika kwa kukambitsirana, nthaŵi zonse padzakhala mawu oyamba achidule kapena mawu otsagana nawo okhudzana ndi phindu ndi mbali ya makhalidwe.
    Mulungu. Funso la mitsinje ya magazi ndi chitoliro ndi chitsanzo chabwino cha nthabwala zoipa. Zimakhudza kutsutsana kosalekeza komwe kulipo pano, za kunyoza ndi kusowa kofunika pazochitika, mlengalenga ndi maphunziro.

    1. Moni nyama yake.
      A. Sindinaphonye kwenikweni. M'malo mwake, ndinalemba za kusilira ndi chisangalalo cha kubwereza ndikumvetsetsa bwino nthabwalazo. Ndipo komabe kuchokera ku zoyipa ndinamvetsetsa kuti panali mawu odzudzula, ndipo ndithudi ndinali wolondola. Ndemanga zanu pano zikunena izi momveka bwino. Gemara yonse sichiphatikiza mawu oyambira ndakatulo a mtundu wa Cheshin.
      B. Ndithu malingaliro omwe angapindule nawo, koma nthawi zambiri samapindula pamlingo wa halakhic. Ndapereka ndemanga pa izi kumapeto kwa ndime. Ndimayang'ana kwambiri zotsutsa zamakhalidwe zosayenera.
      chachitatu. Ndinazindikira kuti kunali kuyang'ana pawiri, ndipo ndinayankhula zimenezo. Funso lomwe ndinali kuthana nalo ndiloti kusowa kwa ndege yachiwiri pokhudzana ndi nkhani yongopeka kuyenera kukhala yodetsa nkhawa kapena ayi.
      D. Oweruza a Khothi Lalikulu, mosiyana ndi oweruza, amakhudzidwa ndi malamulo osati halakhah. M'chilamulo muli zolemera kwambiri kuposa mu halakhah (osati nthawi zonse moyenera) ku malingaliro awo. Kupitilira apo, malamulo a Halachic amachita ndi milandu yothandiza, a Gemara satero. M'mawu anga ndinayimirira kugawanika uku.
      Mulungu. Ndinaona kutsutsidwa kwa nthabwala zoipa, ndipo ndinanena momveka bwino kuti izi si zomwe ndikuchita nazo. Funso lomwe ndinali kuthana nalo ndi lakuti ngati pali malo odzudzula makhalidwe abwino.

      Pomaliza, kuneneza za substantivity ndi chauvinism ndizofanana komanso zopanda ntchito (nthawi zambiri zimagwiritsidwa ntchito bwino pamene mikangano yayikulu itatha). Ndikanena za zomwe ndakumana nazo ndimalankhula zenizeni. Ngati zotsatira zake ndi zazikulu, ndiye kuti substantivity mwina ndi yolondola. Njira yothanirana ndi izi sikukana zotulukapo zake kapena kudzudzula chinthucho, koma kutsutsa mwanzeru kuti zoona zake sizowona. Ngati mumafuna kutero, sindinaone mawu anu mumkangano wotero. Chimodzi mwa zoyipa zoyipa za anthu ofooka (akazi m'nkhaniyi ndi anthu ofooka, osadzudzulidwa nthawi zonse. Pano ndikulolera pang'ono kuvomereza mawu onyansa oti "ofooka"), ndikutsutsa malongosoledwe enieni m'malo molimbana nawo. zoona zake. Ndinalemba za izo pokhudzana ndi maphunziro aakazi poyambirira, ndipo ambiri mwa amayi omwe adawerenga adakhumudwa m'malo molemba mfundo zofunikira ndikuyesera kuwongolera. Ndilolemba loyesa kukumbukira zomwe zikuchitika (ngati mukuganiza kuti ndizabwino, ndiye kuti kukumbukira sikukhala koyipa m'maso mwanu, koma sindikuwona zomwe ndikutsutsidwa).

      1. Kutsutsa kwanga sikuli kwa Gemara koma kwa njira ya akatswiri-Chilithuania yomwe imanyoza pempho la kutchulidwa kawiri. Chitsanzo chochokera kwa oweruza sichiyenera kupita ku ndakatulo zodziwika bwino za Cheshin, zimakhala ndi zitsanzo zabwino kwambiri komanso zozama, monga mukudziwa kuti ndili wotanganidwa masiku ano ndi ziphunzitso za Myuda wokondedwa pambuyo pa omaliza maphunziro a Khoti Lalikulu lapamwamba komanso pali zinthu zofunika kuziwona.

        Ndinakuimbani mlandu wokhudzana ndi kalembedwe m'malo mokhutira, ndiye kuti, zodabwitsa bwanji - kachiwiri, kuseka. Aliyense amene amaumirira kuseka mamembala a kampani yake mobwerezabwereza, ndendende mwa iye ayenera kukayikira kuti zotsutsana zake sizikuyenda bwino. Kapena, kutanthauzira chilankhulo cha chiyero chanu: "Kugwedeza pamwambaku kumakhala kofanana ndi kopanda ntchito (nthawi zambiri kumagwiritsidwa ntchito bwino pamene mikangano ikutha)."
        Ndikumvetsetsa kuti m'kuchita ndimakumana ndi kuyankha kotereku kuchokera kwa ophunzira ambiri, ndipo izi zimalungamitsa malingaliro otere, ndimangotsutsa kalembedwe konyozeka (mosiyana ndi ophunzira a PhD pankhani ya jenda ndi zachuma zapakhomo, omwe akulitsa malingaliro amakhalidwe abwino, makamaka pamene Kupanga njira yopangira manyuzipepala awo) Ku sayansi yachisoni "), ndiye kuti, tidabwereranso, ndipo nthawi ino ndibwereza chilankhulo changa chopatulika, "kumkangano wokhazikika womwe uripo pano, za kunyozedwa ndi kusaphatikizira kufunika kwa nkhani, mlengalenga ndi maphunziro ”.

        1. Koma kutchulidwa kawiri kukusowa ku Gemara komweko. Izi sizomwe zidapangidwa ndi anthu aku Lithuania. Katswiri wa ku Lithuania amangomamatira ku zomwe zilipo, ndipo zonena zake ndikuti kutchulidwa kawiri kuli kovomerezeka koma kuti si nkhani yophunzira za nkhaniyi, ndipo ndithudi sizimasonyeza khalidwe labwino kapena chilema.
          Sindinamvetse zomwe mumanena pa sitayilo. Palibe kuseka apa. Izi ndi zotsutsana zenizeni za opusa / magulu a dipatimenti ya jenda. Izi ndi zomwe amachita pafupifupi nthawi zonse. Zomwe ndinanena ponena za akazi onse, ngakhale omwe saphunzira za jenda (ambiri a iwo ngati ine), ndinanena kuti mikangano yotereyi ndi yofanana ndi akazi, ndipo ndikuganiza kuti izi ndi zowona zomwe zimachokera ku zomwe ndakumana nazo. Palibe mtsutso apa koma kuwona zenizeni.

          1. Zowonadi, monga ndidalembera Sarah, palibe cholakwika pamakhalidwe apa, ndidawona pa Facebook ya m'modzi mwa akatswiri omwe adapereka zitsanzo zomwe Tractate Yavmot imabweretsa mobwerezabwereza Reuben ndi kugwiriridwa kwake, kuti zikhale zoyenera kusunga. Anaperekanso ulemu wa Rubeni ndi Simoni ndi kupereka zitsanzo za Aridta ndi Delfoni ndi ana ena khumi a Hamani. (Kumbali ina pali zina zomwe zidanenedwa chifukwa cha Purimu ndipo sanatanthauze konse) Kudzudzula ophunzira a jenda kuti sakutanthauza kwenikweni koma cholinga chawo ndikusindikiza zolemba, uku ndikuipitsa mbiri osati a kuwunika kowona.

  3. Kuthwa ngati kale. mwachita bwino.
    Malingaliro ena osayankhidwa:
    A. Zoseketsa za nyama yake zidasowa. (Ndivomereza kuti ndinachiphonyanso powerenga koyamba)
    B. Ndikuganiza kuti zimathandiza mwana ku Hyder kuti akupanga mapangidwe a Gemara. Mnzake wa benchi akamufunsa kuti ndi chiyani kwenikweni chomwe changotuluka kumene amayamba kugwidwa ndi manyazi.
    chachitatu. Ngati mkazi wanga atandiuza kuti adawona mbewa yophwanyidwa mumsewu, popanda galasi losweka bwino, sizingandipangitse nseru. Ndikamuuza - akusanza. Anthu ena amadzitengera okha zenizeni zomwe amawerenga kenako amakumana nazo mwanjira inayake pomwe ena samatero. Wina akhoza kuwerenga Harry Muumbi ndikuwona filimuyo ndikuti - Sindinaganize choncho! Ndipo munthu wina sanandiganizire. Ndikukhulupirira kuti ziphunzitso za ku Bar Ilan zimamvetsetsa kuyang'ana kawiri, koma sangathe kulingalira okha zomwe zikuchitika.
    D. Monga tanthauzo lina, ndikuganiza kuti ngati munthu akumana ndi vuto lomwe akuphunzirapo, zimakhala zovuta kwambiri kuti achotsedwe. Nthawi yomweyo adzijambula yekha mkhalidwewo momwe akukumana nawo. Chifukwa china chomwe chimakhala chosavuta kuti mwana wa ku Hyderabad aphunzire za kubwera molakwika ndi zina zotero. Sili wa dziko lake kwambiri.
    Mulungu. Ndizothekanso kuti chikhumbo chofuna kupanga zatsopano, chomwe chimapezeka mwa ophunzira ena, ndikusintha kuchokera kudziko lawo kupita kudziko la Talmudic osabwera kwathunthu ngati olandila, kumapangitsa kuphunzira kukhala kotengeka mtima.
    ndi. Mosakayikira, kusagwirizana kwamalingaliro kumathandiza kumvetsetsa bwino nkhanizo. Mutha kutayabe china chake ngati simukulumikiza kukhudzidwako pambuyo pake. Makhalidwe abwino omwe ndiyenera kulumikizana nawo kuti ndimvetsetse nkhaniyi, mwina ngakhale kutengeka kuli ndi malo kwinakwake.
    (Sindinamvetsetse kuti vuto ndi chiyani ndi machubu a magazi. Osatengera magazi kudzera m'machubu kupita kwa odwala? Kodi sizingatheke kusamutsa magazi mosavutikira pakati pa mawodi kudzera mu chubu? Kapena kusamutsa magazi kuchokera ku nyama zophedwa kupita ku chubu kuti agwirizane? Vampire ayenera kuthandizidwa kusuntha magazi kuchokera kumalo komwe amapha anthu kupita kukhitchini ndi chitoliro, momwe mungamangire, ndi zina zotero. Koma limenelo ndi funso losalakwa.

    1. A. Mwina munaphonya. Koma osati ndi ine. Wotsutsa aliyense m'malo mwake amaima mosasamala kanthu za nthabwala.
      B. Zowonadi, zili ngati kufunsa R. Chaim kuti poto ndi chiyani.
      chachitatu. izi ndi zabwino. Ndilibe vuto ndi omwe amawonetsa zochitika m'maganizo mwawo, komanso ndi omwe amadabwa nazo. Sindikuganiza kuti kugwedezeka kumeneku kumasonyeza khalidwe labwino lauzimu, kapena kuti kusakhalapo kwake kumasonyeza chilema.
      D. Onani c. Izi zitha kukhala zokhudzana ndi ndemanga yanga yokayika kumapeto kwa gawoli ponena za cholakwika cha phunzirolo.
      Mulungu. Zaumoyo. Kodi pali chonena pano? Sindikuchita ndi matenda a amayi kapena ophunzira, koma kwenikweni. Osati kumene ikuchokera koma ngati kuli kofunikira ndi kofunikira.
      ndi. Ndinamufotokozera komwe anali.

      Sindinamvetsetse chomwe vuto ndi funso lokhudza vampire. Sindikuwona vuto lililonse nazo.

  4. Nyama yake,
    Kupatula apo, Gemara yalembedwa mu luso lofupikitsa mwamphamvu. (Ichi ndi chimodzi mwa zodabwitsa pamenepo, kwa ine, wowerenga wodabwa).
    Zadziko-zadziko lapansi zitha kupindidwa mu sentensi yamawu atatu, ndime ikhoza kukhala ndi zaka mazana ambiri za mipata, kuli koyenera bwanji kuyerekeza ndi PSD ya Wam'mwambamwamba? Zomwe zili m'chiganizo chimodzi chachifupi komanso chakuthwa cha Gemara zikanatayidwa pamenepo pamasamba ambiri, mwinanso mazana amasamba.

    Sindikukayika amisiri a mawu omaliza a tsamba la Talmudic omwe anali osamala kwambiri kuposa mkazi aliyense komanso wopanda woweruza wamkulu.

    Ndipo tiyenera kukumbukira kuti zonse zidayamba kale, ndiyeno kusowa kwa njira zolembera, kufunika kokopera ndikusunga mibadwo mibadwo.

    Mwina perekani chitsanzo? Kodi mungaike chiyani mu Sugia Danan?

    1. Ndikugwirizana nanu, ndipo sizikuwoneka kwa ine kuti ndilembenso Gemara. Kuyerekezera ziweruzo za masiku ano kukukhudzanso ziweruzo zamakono. Ndipo mwinamwake ku njira imene rabi amaphunzitsira ophunzira ake. Ndikuganiza kuti ngati uyu ndi rabi yemwe amaphunzitsa, aphunzitsa nkhaniyi kwa ophunzira ake, koma padzakhala kachitidwe kakang'ono kophiphiritsa. Penyani maso, kunena ndi zina zotero. Nkhani ya imfa ya chigumukire ilibe tanthauzo la makhalidwe, basi tsoka lomwe lingathe kuchitika ngakhale lero ku Ukraine, muli ndi ndemanga yosangalatsa, yokhudzana ndi pakamwa. Kodi mukunena kuti panali zizindikiro zina zomwe sizinasungidwe m'mawu achidule olembedwa mtsogolomo? Sindikudziwa ndipo sindikuganiza kuti pali njira yodziwira. Mwina ndi koyenera kutsutsa odziwa bwino pano ngati kwinakwake ku Shas pali malingaliro 'okhudzidwa' pang'ono pa chinachake. Mwachitsanzo, patsamba la lero pali mawu okoma omwe amawonekera kangapo - kodi tikuchita ndi oyipa? Awa ndi mawu omveka, koma ali ndi nyimbo yodabwitsa kwambiri.

      1. Nthawi ya Torah ndi nthawi yopempherera (kwa Sarah ndi nyama zake)

        B.S.D.

        Kwa iye ndi Sarah - moni,

        A Tannaim ndi Amoraim omwe anali ndi Halacha - analinso ndi nthano komanso olemba mapemphero. M'mawu awo mu Halacha - onetsetsani kuti mwapanga mawu ofunikira. Pomwe dziko lawo lamalingaliro - lofotokozedwa m'mawu awo mu nthano ndi mapemphero omwe adayambitsa (mapemphero ena okongola omwe adati Tannaim ndi Amoraim 'Batar Tzlotya' adasonkhanitsidwa ku Tractate Brachot, ndipo ambiri a iwo adaphatikizidwa mu 'Siddur') . Nthawi ya Torah padera ndi nthawi yopemphera padera.

        Zikomo, Hillel Feiner-Gloskinus

        Ndipo osati monga chizolowezi cha akatswiri a Torah masiku ano kuphatikiza kuphunzira ndi kutengeka mtima, komwe kudzanenedwa kuti: 'Amene amaphunzitsa mwana wake wamkazi Torah - amaphunzitsa mapemphero 🙂

        1. 'Ndipo bwerera kumtima wako' - kulowetsa mkati mwa phunzirolo mu mtima mwako

          Ngakhale phunzirolo liyenera kukhala 'ubongo wolamulira pamtima'. Kuphunzira Tora kumafuna kumvetsera kwa Torah zomwe sizimagwirizana nthawi zonse ndi malingaliro a mtima - pambuyo pake, pambuyo pofotokozera malingaliro - tiyenera kusamutsa zinthu kumtima mu chikhumbo chofuna kupanga chizindikiritso chaumwini ndi ophunzira.

          Onani nkhani ya Rebbetzin Or Makhlouf (Ramit ku Midreshet Migdal-Anaz), mu fayilo "Chifukwa ndi zilombo," Migdal Iz Tisha: 31, p. 0 patsogolo. Kumeneko akutchula, mwa zina, zowawa za Grid Soloveitchikf, achinyamata a Orthodox omwe adachita bwino pa ntchito ya luntha ... adadziwa malingaliro ndi zigamulo. Amasangalala ndi maphunziro abwino ndipo amafufuza nkhani zovuta. Koma mtima sutengapo gawo pakuchita izi… Halacha sakhala zenizeni zamatsenga kwa iye. Kudziwana kwenikweni ndi Shechinah kukusowa… '209 Words of View, p. XNUMX). Onani nkhani yautali

          Zidziwike kuti Torah imafuna kukhazikika kwa mtima isanachitike komanso pambuyo pake. Patsogolo pake - chilakolako cholumikizana ndi Mulungu kupyolera mu nzeru zake ndi chikhumbo chake mu Torah ndi pemphero kuti tidzakhala ndi ufulu wolunjika ku choonadi; Pemphero lotsatira ndi lakuti tidzakhala ndi mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito mfundo zimene taphunzira m’moyo.
          ,
          Zikomo, Hillel Feiner-Gloskinus

  5. ‘Lupanga pakati pa ntchafu zake ndi helo wotseguka pansi pake’ kumafunikira chosankha cholingalira ndi chabata

    Mu SD XNUMX mu Nissan P.B.

    Woweruza pakupanga zisankho ayenera kuchitapo kanthu chifukwa cha mkuntho wamalingaliro apakati. Tsoka kwa iye mbali imodzi ndipo kuonongeka kwa moyo wake ngati alakwa ndi kusiya mkazi wa mwamuna, ndipo mbali ina kuonongeka kwa iye ndi kuonongeka kwa iye ngati atazika mkazi amene angathe kuloledwa. Mwambi wolamulira wa munthu amene aponda njira yopapatiza m’mphepete mwa phompho, kuti kupatukako pang’ono kudzanja lamanja kapena lamanzere – kungamugwetse m’phompho.

    Ndipo woweruzayo ayenera kukhala m’nkhawa zowirikiza kawiri, pakuti kusayanjanitsika kudzam’tsogolera ku chigamulo chosawona popanda kulabadira, ndipo mkhalapakati woopa Mulungu ayenera kukhala wosamala, wosamala kuti sangalephere ndi kulola choletsedwacho, ndi kusamala kuti sangaletse. zololedwa. Nkhawa zake ndi kukhudzidwa kwake kuti chilungamo chidzafalitsidwa - ndicho cholinga chake chofunafuna choonadi chenichenicho mosatopa.

    Koma chipwirikiti chamalingaliro chomwe chidamulepheretsa kulongosola halakhah - icho chokha chimafuna kuti kufotokozerako kuchitidwe moganizira komanso mwabata, chifukwa kufotokozera chifukwa cha nkhawa ndi kutaya maganizo - sikungathe kugonjetsa chowonadi. Choncho, woweruzayo ayenera kukhala wodekha panthawi yofunsa mafunso, ndipo akhale wokonzeka kuganizira zonse zomwe angasankhe, ngakhale zopweteka kwambiri. Choncho, pamene funso likubwera - woweruzayo ayenera kuika mkuntho wa maganizo pambali ndikuganiza modekha.

    M'menemo munthu wa halakhah ali ngati wankhondo akuomberedwa, yemwe sayenera kuchitapo kanthu mwachangu. Ayenera kuima kwa kamphindi, kubisala, kuyang’ana pamene akuomberedwa, ndiyeno ayang’anire ndi kuwombera molondola chandamale. Kulakwitsa pomenya mdani ndi koopsa kwa wowomberayo, chifukwa kumapereka mdani malo ake othawirako.

    Ndipo momwemonso ndi mkhalidwe wa wopulumutsira amene amafika pazochitika zowawa, zowonongeka komanso zowonongeka zambiri, yemwe ayenera kuwerenga mwamsanga zomwe zikuchitika, ndikuyika zofunikira. Yang'anirani nthawi yomweyo zomwe zili zowopsa, thetsani mwachangu zomwe zili zofunika, ndikusiyirani zomwe sizikufunika mwachangu. Kuyang'anira mkhalidwe kuunika - ndiye maziko a chithandizo choyenera.

    Chikhumbo champhamvu chogonjetsa nkhondoyi kapena kupulumutsa ovulala - ndi mafuta omwe adalimbikitsa womenyana kapena wothandizira kuti adzipereke ku gulu lankhondo kapena gulu lopulumutsira, koma chisankho cha zomwe angachite ndi momwe angachitire mu "zovuta" - ziyenera kupangidwa. ndi chiweruzo chowerengeka ndi chabata.

    N'zoona kuti n'zosatheka kuganiza modekha mukakumana ndi zochitika zosayembekezereka, kuti chifukwa cha kupsinjika maganizo munthu amaiwala 'chiphunzitso' chonse. Kuti izi zitheke, oweruza a halakhic, omenyera nkhondo ndi ogwira ntchito yopulumutsa amakhala ndi 'maphunziro' omwe amayesetsa kuyembekezera 'blatam' iliyonse yomwe ingatheke, kukonzekera pasadakhale njira zochitira zomwe zingatheke, ndipo akatswiri samachita chilichonse. Kenako 'kusokonekera' kukafika - dongosolo lochitapo kanthu limatulukira ndipo mutha kuchita mwadongosolo osayambanso miseche. Mapulaniwo anaganiziridwa ndipo anakonzedwa pasadakhale.

    Nkhani za Tractate Yavmot. Masoka a zivomezi ndi kugwa kwa nyumba, matenda ndi miliri, kusowa kwa anthu paulendo wamalonda ndi zombo zomira panyanja, nkhondo ndi mindandanda ndi ziwembu - zinali zotheka zonse m'dziko kumene anzeru ankakhala, makamaka m'masiku a kupanduka kwa Aroma. , Holocaust ndi kupanduka kwa Bar-Kochba.

    Buku lothandizira pochiza zovuta zowopsa liyenera kukhala lofunikira komanso lalifupi, komanso momveka bwino komanso mwachidule ma prototypes onse omwe angatheke ndikuwapatsa chithandizo, kotero chigoba cha Yavmot chimapangidwa mwachidule komanso mouma, monga buku la chiphunzitso chankhondo kapena thandizo loyamba lidzapangidwa .

    Zikomo, Hillel Feiner Gloskinus

    Mu Mishnah ndi Talmud, mawu oti 'telegraphic' amayesetsa kuwapereka pakamwa. Kuti athe kuloweza pamtima, ayenera kupangidwa mopepuka komanso mokopa. Kulankhula mozama kwa nthawi yayitali kapena kuphulika m'maganizo sikupindula ndi kuloweza. Talmud ndi yophunzira mozama, ndipo pemphero ndilo kutsanulidwa kwa mzimu. 'sub' iyenera kukhala yachidule komanso yachidule

  6. 'Willen anatcha Yakobo usiku womwewo' - mkuntho wamalingaliro omwe amafunikira kuchitapo kanthu modekha

    Ndipo kotero Yaakov Avinu, amene amapemphera ndi nkhawa ndi nkhawa, 'Chonde ndipulumutseni, nthawi yomweyo, m'bale wanga, mwamsanga ... kuti asabwere kudzakonzekeretsa mayi wa ana' - akupitiriza kuchita modekha. Sanayambe kuthawa nthawi yomweyo. + M’malo mwake, iye ndi msasa wake akugona (ndipo ndani angagone m’mkhalidwe woipawu?

    Ndipo ngakhale Davide anathawa Abisalomu mwana wake, pamene iye anapita wosweka ndi kulira ndi kupempherera chipulumutso chake kwa ambiri amene anamuukira, anthu onse motsutsana ndi ochepa okhulupirika amene anakhala naye. Amafotokoza nkhawa zake zonse m’pemphero, ndipo pemphero lake limam’patsa mphamvu zoti achite zinthu mwanzeru. Iye amayesa njira ya chitetezero mwa kutumiza maganizo akale kuphwanya malangizo Ahitofeli, ndipo pambuyo pemphero ndi mapembedzero, iye ali ndi chidaliro m’menemo, ndipo wokhoza mu mkhalidwe wake woipa kukhala mu mtendere ‘ndidzagona pansi ndi kugona chifukwa inu muli. Yehova yekha ndi wokhalamo ndithu.

    Nkhawa imaonekera m’pemphero, ndipo mmenemo munthu amaleredwa molimba mtima kuti achite zinthu mwanzeru.

    Moona mtima, The PG

    1. Gwirizanani ndi zonse zomwe mukunena.
      Ndipo ngakhale mkati mwa halakhah nthawi zambiri kutengeka kwakukulu kumasungidwa. Ndipo ndithudi kuphatikiza kwa nthano ndi halakhah kumapangitsa izi kumlingo wina,
      Monga, mwachitsanzo (moyo wake) womwe umakhudza mtima, kukoma kwanga: (Ndikudabwa ngati pali woweruza mu Supreme Court yemwe adadzilola kutaya kwambiri)

        1. Nenani inde, koma osatsimikiza kuti akanayambitsa zonena zotere.
          Mwa njira, mutha kuwona kuti zigamulozo zimatalika bwanji ndikukhala zotopetsa, kwa zaka zambiri, pamene dzanja limakhala lopepuka pa kiyibodi, ndipo magwero onse alipo, ndipo palibenso chifukwa chofunira mtolankhani.

    2. 'Amaphunzitsa kuti sanagone' - ngakhale anali ndi chidwi

      BSD XNUMX mu Nissan PB

      Pa kufunikira kwa kukhala bata pamene akuchita, Hasidim adalongosola nkhani ya wanzeruyo 'Inde, Aroni anachita - amaphunzitsa kuti sanagone', kuti sizikumveka kuti 'Salka Da'ata' ndi chiyani kuti Aroni wopatulika amagona kuchokera kwa Mulungu. malamulo? Ndipo otsatirawo anafotokoza kuti ngakhale Aroni anali wodzala ndi changu pamene anapita kuyatsa nyali ndipo panali malo oti amve kuti chifukwa chachangu akanakhala akulakwitsa mwatsatanetsatane. KML yemwe, ngakhale adapachikidwa, Aaron amasamala kuti agwire ntchito yake molondola.

      Zikomo, Hillel Feiner-Gloskinus

    1. Zowonadi, komweko ndi Rami Bar zowerengera za zinthu ndizowopsa komanso zoseketsa pamalo amodzi. Koma kumeneko kunganenedwe, kuti popeza zinthu zinali zitachitidwa kale, iwo anamfunsa iye zochita zake. Ndipo mwachiwonekere iye sanafune kudalira pa gome la ena

  7. M'malingaliro anga, ndizowona: Wina adayambitsa zokambirana zapaintaneti pafunso loti "Mukapeza mawa kuti chikhristu ndi chowona - mungasinthe moyo wanu molingana ndi izi". Ena mwa mayankho opusa anali "sizichitika ndiye palibe chifukwa chofunsa". Anthu amavutika kumvetsetsa gawo la funso longoyerekeza. Ndinayesera kuwafotokozera kuti nawonso mwina sangafune kuponya munthu wonenepa kwambiri panjanji za sitima kuti ateteze sitimayo kuti isamayendetse anthu asanu okakamizidwa, komabe ili ndi funso lofunika kwambiri mu maphunziro a filosofi ya makhalidwe abwino; Koma sizinagwire ntchito...
    Kenako munthu wina adanditsutsa kuti mafunso ongoyerekeza ndi abwino, koma pali zinthu zomwe zimadabwitsa kwambiri m'malingaliro kotero ndikulakwa kukambirana mongoyerekeza (mosiyana, tinene, kupondedwa kwa munthu wonenepa kwambiri ndi sitima yomwe ili. mwina sizikudabwitsa konse). Wolembayo anali R.M. pasukulu yasekondale yeshiva, ndipo sindikudziwa kwenikweni zomwe akuchita pankhani ngati zomwe mwatchulazi… Komabe, titakangana pang'ono adandifunsa ngati ndikuganiza kuti kunali koyenera kuti andifunse " mungatani mutadziwa kuti mawa amayi anu akupha" . Zoona sindinamve kuti vuto linali chani ndipo ndinapita kukawauza mayi anga omwenso samamvetsetsa kuti funsoli linali chiyani... kumvetsa bwino mfundo imene ankafuna kufotokoza.
    Pansi - pamene kuli kovuta kuti anthu agwirizane ndi zomwe zili (mwanzeru!) Amathamangira m'mphepete ndikuyesera kuwonetsa 'zovuta' zodzikongoletsera ngati chifukwa chake poyamba sikoyenera' kuchita nawo izi (ndiyeno chatsala kuti tiphunzire Nkhani yokongola kwambiri).

    1. poyeneradi. Ndikungonena kuti pali mwayi wonena zake za chikhristu motere: mwina m'malingaliro ake ngati chikhristu chidamveka ndiye sichinali chikhristu chomwe timachidziwa. Choncho palibenso malo ofunsa kuti ndikadachita chiyani ndikadazindikira kuti chikhristu ndi cholondola. Mofananamo, palibe mpata wa funso la zimene Maimonides akananena ponena za mkhalidwe uliwonse m’tsiku lathu. Akanakhala kuti ali ndi moyo lero sakanakhala Maimonides.

  8. Hello Rabbi Michi.
    Ndizovuta kutsutsana ndi zomwe mumanena, ndithudi "mwachidziwitso" zikuwonekeratu kuti choyera ndi choyenera ndikugwira ntchito ndi net halakhic rational analysis. Koma ndizosatheka kunyalanyaza mfundo yakuti nthawi zambiri nkhani za Shas zaukatswiri zimakutidwa ndi nkhani zomwe zimawapatsa kuwerenga kwamalingaliro amunthu kapena amakhalidwe abwino.

    Ndipereka zitsanzo ziwiri (choyamba ndi chofooka pang'ono): Tractate Gittin atakambilana tsatanetsatane wa zovuta zongopeka komanso zenizeni, amatenga vuto kuti atsirize ndi ulaliki wokhudza chidani ndi chisudzulo. Ndi momwe zimamupwetekera Mulungu chifukwa cha chisudzulo chomwe. Chifukwa chiyani kuli kofunika kuti a Gemara athetse thirakiti motere? Kodi pano si kuwerenga kolowera?

    Ku Gemara ku Kiddushin kuli nthano yokongola ya Rabbi Asi ndi amayi ake. Ndilofunika kwambiri kotero kuti linaloŵetsamo malamulo a Miriam, Chaputala XNUMX, ndi Maimonides. Kumapeto kwa nkhaniyi kunalembedwa kuti Rabbi Asi anati "Sindikudziwa Nafaki" Othirira ndemanga ambiri anafotokoza chiganizochi kudzera mu magalasi a halakhic. Rabbi Asi akunena kuti sakanachoka ku Dziko la Israeli pazifukwa zosiyanasiyana za halakhic (kudetsedwa kwa amitundu chifukwa ndi wansembe ndi zifukwa zina). Maimonides analemba m’buku la Halacha kuti ngati makolo ake anapusitsidwa akhoza kutonthoza ndi kulamula munthu wina kuti awasamalire. Money Mishnah imalimbitsa Maimonides ndipo imanena kuti ngakhale kuti sizinalembedwe mwachimvekere pankhaniyo zikuoneka kuti Rabi Asi ankakonda kutero. Rabi akukwiyira Maimonides ndipo akunena kuti iyi si njira ndi momwe munthu angasiyire makolo ake kwa wina kuti awasamalire. (Tingatsutse kuti uku ndikulingalira kwa halakhic koma kumangotanthauza kuti sangathe kulekerera lingaliro la makhalidwe abwino) Palibe nkhani = Sindingachoke ku Babulo. Ndipo akunena za kuukira kwa Rab'ad kwa Maimonides.

    Chowonadi ndi chakuti zikuwonekeratu kuti chilungamo cha halakhic ndi Maimonides ndi nkhani zandalama koma maso athu akuwona kuti katswiri ndi woweruza awerenga nthano iyi mu kuwerenga kwachikondi kwa makhalidwe.

    Ndikulingalira kuti ndikanakhala ndi kutsogolo kwanga bukhu la wophunzira wanzeru, Rabbi Yehuda Brandes, "Nthano Yowona," ndikadapereka zitsanzo zingapo ndipo mwinamwake zopambana.

    PS: Kudikirira ndikudikirira gawo pazotsutsana zakutembenuka (mungakane zingati?)

    1. Pali zitsanzo zingapo ndithu. Onani chitsanzo mu ndime 214 pa phulusa lake chifukwa cha mivi yake. Koma sizomwe ndikunena pano. Iwo ankafuna kundiphunzitsa kuti kusudzulana n’koipa. Kodi izi zikukhudzana bwanji ndi kuweruza pa halakhah pazinthu izi? Zikukhudzana ndi utsogoleri wadziko lonse womwe ukutsutsana ndi halakhah kuti kuyesetsa kupewe kutha kwa banja.

  9. “Woweruzayo aganizire mofatsa za mlandu womwe wamupeza. Zomwe halakhah imanena sizikukhudzana ndi zomwe kutengeka mtima kukunena (ndipo m'malingaliro mwanga ngakhale zomwe zimanena zamakhalidwe abwino), ndipo ndi zabwino kuti zimatero. Woweruzayo adule lamulo mopanda tsankho, ndipo motero akhale ndi ufulu wowongolera chowonadi cha Torah. "Mpaka pano mawu anu.
    Ndidapereka chitsanzo kuchokera munkhani ya Rabi Asi ndi mayi ake omwe adatsutsidwa ku Halacha. Ndinamaliza kunena kuti Rabi ndi Rashash sanagwirizane nawo mwachipongwe, pa chikhalidwe chaumunthu kapena makhalidwe.

    1. Mawu oyipa pang'ono ndi odzaza kubwereza konse. Kupatula apo, ndidalemba kuti pali mwayi wofotokozera malingaliro otere mu siteji B, titamaliza kukambirana zoyambira za halakhic. Ngati lamulo silinadulidwe koma zosankha zingapo zitsalira, njira yosankha pakati pawo ingakhalenso ndi makhalidwe abwino (ndipo mwinamwake malingaliro monga chisonyezero).

  10. 1. Mwina ichi ndi chimodzi mwazifukwa chomwe Gemara sichiri cha amayi ndipo amaletsedwa kukambilana? (Amafunsa samatsimikiza)
    2. Chowonadi ndichakuti zaka zomwe ndimawerenga "Mabaibulo Awiri ndi Kumasulira Limodzi" ndimakumana ndi nkhani za mu Torah zomwe kwa ine komanso chifukwa cha m'badwo wathu wamkazi zilibe malingaliro (mwachiwonekere) sindidagawane nawo zanga chifukwa. Ndilibe mawu ofotokozera zakukhosi kwanga makamaka tili otangwanitsidwa ndi kutengeka mtima, ndili pano sindikukumbukira zitsanzo zambiri kupatula imodzi yomwe Eliezer adabwera kudzatenga Rebecca (panthawiyo dziko lapansi linali lisanakhale banja limodzi. mwina kunali kupatukana kwapadziko lonse ndi banja lake komwe kumawonjezera pano kumalingaliro) ndipo abambo ake Betuel ndi mchimwene wake Ben adayesa kuchedwetsa ndiyeno Mtsikanayo (osaiwala kuti anali ndi zaka zitatu ndi mfundo ina yomwe imathandizira kutengeka mtima ku sewero lonse) Anzeru amafunsa ndipo bambo ake ali kuti kukachisi? Anzeru akuyankha kuti anafa (anadya mbale yapoizoni yomwe adakonzera Eliezere ndi mngelo yemwe adasintha mbalezo ngati kuti ndikukumbutsa za hyder) ndipo nthawi yomweyo zidanenedwa kuti adafunsa ndikutumiza Rebeka panjira, ndipo apa mwana akufunsa lingalirani mmene zinthu zilili lero tsoka loterolo Dom Eliezer akadakhala kuti kwanthawi yayitali njuchi zolinga zake ndipo angamve manyazi pang'ono ndi kalasi yake yonse ndikukhala kunyumba pakali pano poyang'anizana ndi tsoka labanja (mwina kuyesera pindani zida mwakachetechete ndi achoke m’derali momwe anadza pa nthawi yovuta ngati imeneyi kapena mwina chifukwa chosokonekera Cholinga chobwera ndikuthandiza ndi thupi ndi mzimu wake wonse kukonza maliro ndi kumanga chihema ndikubweretsa mipando yamaliro ndi zina zotero) koma pochita mwambo wa maliro. Dziko la Torah monga mwachizolowezi likupitirirabe kupatula kuti mapulani akupitirizabe monga momwe anakonzera Mu autism, rabbi pano ali ndi mankhwala ochokera ku "Dauriyta" kuti akhale pagulu labwino.Pankhani ya Yosefe ndi mbale wake, inde, amuna, izi ndizochitika (kugwedezeka kwa Esau sikunadutse molingana ndi anzeru. Analipidwa ndi Moredekai Myuda zaka zikwi pambuyo pake, monga amadziwika bwino). Kupitirira batani la malaya ake, nthawi ina pamene oweruza anayesa kulimbikitsa wina kuti asudzule mkazi wake pomuuza kuti kwalembedwa kuti guwa la nsembe limagwetsa misozi iye anawayankha osati zoipa mpaka lero ndikukhetsa misozi sikungapweteke kutulutsa misozi pang'ono. Tsopano nayenso, Wa atate amene anaoneratu m’kachisi kubaya mwana wake wamwamuna ndipo kumeneko atatewo analoŵa m’maganizo a galamala ndipo analamula kuti atulutse mwana wake wamwamuna uku akungouluka kaamba ka chithandizo kuopa chidetso (mmalo mophonya) ndi Gemara. amakambirana pamenepo bambo uyu, kaya ali ndi ulemu wopitilira muyeso kapena "autism" pokhudzana ndi kupha
    3. M’mawu a rabbi “zili ngati kufunsa R. Chaim kuti poto ndi chiyani” chitsanzo cha rabbi sichinapambane ndipo ndifotokozere izi ndi nkhani.Mwina za zopereka ndi chachikhumi R. Chaim adamufunsa kuti mapeyala ndi chiyani. ? R. Avraham anakhudzidwa mtima ndipo anati kodi mukumvetsa tanthauzo la mawu ambiri? Kuti mu Babuloni yense ndi Yerusalemu ndi Midrashim ndi Tosefot ndi Zohari, ndi zina zotero, mawu avocado palibe.
    Masach Pan watchulidwa kale mu Torah kangapo pano kuti athokoze rabbi chifukwa cha "nkhani yomwe rabi sanalembe" kutsatira imfa ya rabi wathu posunga chigamulo monga momwe adalamulidwira kunena zomwe zimamveka Zinali zotsutsa) ndi nyanja yomwe rabbi amakonda kupha ng'ombe zopatulika kuchokera kulikonse pakali pano m'zaka za makumi atatu pamene kutentha kumakhala kosavuta kuphulika kwa phiri la Temple Mount dome kuposa kupha ng'ombe yopatulika, ndinamufunsa nthawi ina rabbi wathu m'dera lina lodziwa bwino. miseche kaya ndinaloledwa kunena kutamandidwa kwenikweni (ndipo ndikuwonjezera kuti kwa ine ndi kutamandidwa kwakukulu) koma womva kuuwa akuganiza kuti nkhaniyi ndi yonyoza ndipo ndinabweretsa mwachitsanzo nkhani za R. Chaim (ndi momwe R. Chaim angachitire pempherani za izo katatu patsiku kuti musakumbukire kalikonse kupatula Torah iyi umboni wina wotsutsana ndi Rabbi Shefilot Assistants) ndipo zikuwoneka kwa ine kuti rabbi adandiyankha kuti mwina ndizoletsedwa ndipo m'menemo adandiuza kuti monga wophunzira wa yeshiva ku America kumeneko. zinali zisankho zapulezidenti ndikuganiza za purezidenti wina dzina lake Johnson ndipo anali ndi nduna ya yeshiva dzina lake ndipo mutu wawo wa yeshiva utakhazikika pakuphunzira atamuuza Mtsogoleri wa yeshiva adadabwa ndi momwe nduna ya yeshiva idakhalira Purezidenti wa United States usiku umodzi wokha.

        1. Akuti Rabbi Chaim wa ku Brisk adatulutsa mapoto ndi miphika pa kafukufuku wamalingaliro, kutanthauza kuti munthu safunikira kudziwa momwe poto imapangidwira komanso kuti chiŵerengero chake ndi chiyani pakati pa kutalika kwa chogwirira ndi kukula kwa pamwamba. . Motero zinafika kuti osati mwachizolowezi mwana sayenera kumvetsa chimene chiri ndendende koma kuti iwo amachita chinachake osati mmene amachitira ndipo pali mitundu yonse ya malamulo, ndi kumvetsa kwake halakhic si kuonongeka mu chirichonse.
          Kawirikawiri, R. Chaim yekha ndi R. Chaim wa Brisk (osachepera m'malo omwe amachitidwa ku Gemara osati Halacha), monga momwe Rashba ndi R. Shlomo ben Aderet osati Rash Mashantz, ngakhale kuti ulemu wa zonse ndi zazikulu kwambiri.

  11. Rabbi mwandichitira nsanje chifukwa cha nkhani yomwe ndinaimva m’menemo:

    Ndikukumbukira kuti m’phunziro limene ndinaphunzirapo, rabi yemwe ankaphunzitsa phunzirolo anatiuza (onse otenga nawo mbali anali amuna) kuti anaphunzitsa phunziro la Gemara lomanga seminare, ndipo linali mu Tractate Yavmot.

    Anatiuza kuti adajambula pa bolodi "banja" lonse la nkhaniyi ndikuyika ma X pa "akufa" onse ndipo adayang'ana mmbuyo ndipo adawona kuti nkhope za atsikanawo zinali ndi mantha.

    Iwo anachitira chifundo “akufa” ojambulidwa pa bolodi.

    Mosafunikira kunena, tonse tinaseka ndikumwetulira nkhaniyo.

Siyani ndemanga