Pa Kupatuka, Katswiri ndi Makhalidwe - Yankho ku nkhani ya Prof. Yoram Yuval, "Samapatuka", Shabbat P. P. Akef - Column Column (Column 26)

BSD

Mugawo yapita Ndinapereka ndemanga pa nkhani ya Prof. Yoram Yuval mu Shabbat yowonjezera ya Makor Rishon P. chifukwa cha chaka chino (XNUMX). Muyeneranso kuwona zokambirana zomwe zidachitika pazokambirana pansipa.

Yankho langa kwa Prof. Yuval's linasindikizidwa mu chidule cha Shabbat supplement P. Ra (limodzi ndi Ndemanga zambiri Chosangalatsa ndichakuti onse ndi oyenera kuwerenga [1]). Nawa mawu anga omwe adasindikizidwa pamenepo:

Pakupatuka, ukatswiri ndi zikhalidwe

(Kuyankha ku nkhani ya Prof. Yoram Yuval, "Iwo samapatuka", Shabbat supplement P. Akev)

Nkhani ya Prof. Yuval Luca ili ndi mikhalidwe yosakanikirana ndi mfundo zake. N’zomveka kunena kuti kusiyana kumeneku kunali kandulo kumapazi a malemu agogo ake otchulidwa m’nkhaniyo, ndipo n’zomvetsa chisoni kuti akunyalanyaza.

Ndemanga zake zimayima pazipilala zitatu: 1. Chitsanzo cha ubale waukulu ndi akatswiri. 2. Tanthauzo lamaganizo la kupatuka kwa kugonana (kulephera kukonda munthu wathunthu). Zonena zasayansi: Kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha sichifukwa cha kusankha koma kwachilengedwe, ndizovuta kwambiri kusintha komanso zowopsa kuyesa. Kale pano akunena mwachidule: 3. Chitsanzo choperekedwa ndi Yuval ndi cholakwika (onani nkhani masana G) komanso zosagwirizana ndi zokambirana pano. 1. Tanthauzo lazamisala silikhudzananso ndi zokambirana. 2. Mafunso akatswiriwa alibe ntchito pazokambirana. Ine tsopano mwatsatanetsatane.

Nthawi ina nditakhala mu kollel ku Bnei Brak ndipo wophunzira adandiyandikira ndikufunsa ngati galasi linali lamadzi kapena lolimba. Ndinamuuza kuti pokhudzana ndi malamulo a galasi la Shabbat ndi lolimba, ngakhale akatswiri a sayansi ya zakuthambo amakonda kufotokozera ngati madzi pazosowa zawo zamaluso. Ndipo fanizolo, ngati psychiatry imatanthawuza kupotoza kwa kugonana monga kulephera kukonda munthu wathunthu - manyazi awo. Koma bwanji halacha kapena makhalidwe abwino atengere tanthauzo laukadaulo ndikuligwiritsanso ntchito pamlingo wokhazikika? Kuphatikiza apo, matanthauzidwe siwongopeka mwachidziwitso, kotero akatswiri alibe mwayi woposa wamba powafananiza. Akatswiri azamisala atha kufotokozera malingaliro awo pazosowa zaukadaulo, koma izi sizikukhudzana ndi funso lokhazikika. Michel Foucault adalemba kuti matenda amisala amadzaza ndi malingaliro amtengo wapatali. Ngakhale kuti anali m'modzi mwa omwe adatsogolera postmodernism m'maso mwanga, anali wolondola. Chabwino, kawiri pa tsiku ngakhale wotchi yoyimirira imasonyeza nthawi yoyenera.

Katswiri wa zamaganizo amatha kudziwa komwe kunayambira kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha. Kodi ili ndi chibadwa, chilengedwe, kapena maziko ena. Akhoza kudziwa ngati chithandizocho chingachiritsidwe, m’njira zotani, ndiponso zotsatira za chithandizo chilichonse. Izi ndizo zonse zomwe akatswiri amatsimikiza, ndipo poganiza kuti chidziwitso cha sayansi chilipo (ndipo ndithudi sichikwanira pa nkhaniyi, chomwe mwa lingaliro langa sichinatsindikidwe mokwanira m'mawu a Yuval), katswiri akhoza kuwapatsa mayankho. Koma funso loti izi ndizopatuka komanso momwe ziyenera kuchitidwira ndi nkhani ya tanthawuzo lokhazikika osati la kutsimikiza kwa akatswiri (onani nkhani zomwe zili pamwambazi).

Ndemanga zina ziwiri:

A. Monga katswiri wochepa wa zamaganizo, ndikukayikira kufotokozera komwe Yuval adanena kuti asinthe maganizo a misala pa kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha. M'malingaliro anga, uku ndiko kusintha kwakukulu kwazinthu osati zenizeni zasayansi. Gawo lalikulu la anthu masiku ano limakhulupirira kuti chodabwitsacho sichiri choipa (ngakhale wamng'ono amavomereza izi) choncho sachiwona ngati kupatuka. Psychiatry pano imakokedwa ndi zikhalidwe za anthu, osati mwanjira ina. Taganizirani za kleptomania. Tiyerekeze kuti cholinga cha zokambiranazo chili ndi chiyambi cha majini ndipo sichingasinthidwe (kutembenuzidwa). Kodi izi zikutanthauza kuti kleptomania si kupatuka? Ndizoletsedwa komanso zovulaza kuba, choncho ndizomveka kutanthauzira kleptomaniac ngati wosokoneza. Izi zili choncho ngakhale kuti ngakhale chizolowezi choba sichikutanthauza kuti munthuyo amaba (monga momwe Yuval anafotokozera za kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha), ndipo ngakhale kumeneko sikungathe kuchiritsidwa ndipo kumakhala ndi chibadwa kapena organic magwero (monga momwe ndimaganizira pa cholinga cha kukambirana). Kusiyana pakati pa kleptomania ndi kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha ndiko kuti akatswiri ambiri amisala lerolino amakhulupirira kuti nkololedwa ndipo n’kopanda vuto kukhala wogonana amuna kapena akazi okhaokha, pamene kuba kuli koletsedwa ndi kovulaza m’maso mwawo. Zikuwonekeratu kuti izi ndizofunika osati zenizeni.

B. Yuval analemba kuti “munthu aliyense wophunzira wachipembedzo” amadziwa kuti m’chipinda cha anthu odwala mwakayakaya mungakhale munthu wakufa yemwe mtima wake ukugunda. Ndikuganiza kuti ndine munthu wophunzira kwambiri (komanso wachipembedzo chokongola), ndipo sindikudziwa zimenezo. Komanso, ngakhale iye sadziwa. Zilibe chochita ndi maphunziro (ngakhale kuchipembedzo mwina inde), nthiwatiwa chifukwa tanthauzo la imfa ndi moyo ndi lokhazikika osati zachipatala. Dokotala akhoza kudziwa, ngati n'komwe, ndi ntchito ziti zomwe zilipo muzochitika zotere, ndi mwayi wotani wobwerera ku moyo wabwinobwino. Koma sangadziwe ngati munthu woteroyo ali wamoyo kapena wamwalira, ndipo ndithudi osati ngati angapereke ziwalo (zomwe m'malingaliro mwanga ndizovomerezeka komanso zovomerezeka kwa iye ngakhale atakhala kuti ndi munthu wamoyo. Onani nkhani za m'munda wa Kt). Zonsezi ndi zofunika osati mafunso enieni. Madokotala osiyanasiyana omwe amakana kuvomereza izi ndi chisonyezo china chakuti kusakaniza kwa mfundo ndi mfundo sizikuwoneka mwa anthu wamba.

Prof. Yuval adayankha izi patsamba lino zomwe zidawonjezera kuyankha kwathu tonse. Yankho lachindunji pamawu anga (komanso kwa Dr. Azgad Gould) akukwezedwa Pa webusaiti yake Ndipo ichi ndi chilankhulo chake:

Polemekeza Rabi Dr. Michael Avraham

The Higher Institute of Torah

Yunivesite ya Bar-Ilan

Owona mtima, Rabbi Shalom ndi Bracha,

Choyamba, dziwani kuti amene sayinidwa m’munsimu amakuyamikani kwambiri ndi ntchito yanu. Sindili m'dziko la Tora mpaka momwe zimandithandizira kuyamikira ntchito yanu ya Torah ndi halakhic, koma neurobiology ndi filosofi yaing'ono yomwe ndikumvetsetsa inali yokwanira kuti ndisangalale kwambiri ndi bukhu lanu "Sayansi ya Ufulu", yomwe ndikuganiza kuti ndi ntchito yoyambirira komanso yokongola yamalingaliro, komanso chopereka chachikulu kumunda.

Poyerekeza ndi chisangalalo changa cha bukhu lanu, ndizomveka bwino kuchokera ku yankho lanu losakhutira kuchokera ku zolemba "sapatuka". Ichi ndichifukwa chake ndine wokondwa ndi zina mwazotukuka zomwe ndadzipangira pano, kuti ndiyese kukutsimikizirani za chilungamo cha mawu anga, ndipo ngati sindikutsimikizirani, ndiye yambani kumanga mlatho pakati pa phiri lanu ndi phiri lanu. phiri langa. Tiyeni tiyambe ndi zinthu zomwe ndikugwirizana nazo:

Ndimagwirizana nanu kawiri (osati kawiri pa tsiku) za Michelle Foucault. Zonse ziwiri zokhudzana ndi postmodernism, zomwe ndimakhulupiriranso kuti ndizopanda kanthu, komanso zokhudzana ndi kutsimikiza kwake pa matenda a maganizo, momwe, mwatsoka, ali wolondola kwambiri. Koma ndikukhulupirira, ndipo sindikutsimikiza kuti pano mukuvomerezana ndi ine, kuti sizingatheke mwanjira ina: ndiye kuti akuyenera kuzindikiridwa ndi matenda amisala, mwachilengedwe chake, kuti sangathe kusiya malingaliro amtengo wapatali, osachepera ayi. m'tsogolomu. Ndipo zomwe wafilosofi angakwanitse - kulekanitsa kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa mfundo ndi mfundo, katswiri wamaganizo sangakwanitse. Ndipo makamaka sangadzinyenge yekha ndi anthu kuti pali - kapena akhoza kukhala - kulekana kwathunthu koteroko m'munda wake. Ndibwereranso ku zimenezo mtsogolo.

Ndimagwirizananso ndi kusanthula kwanu kwakuthwa funso la halakhic udindo wa munthu wogona m'chipinda cha odwala kwambiri pamene maganizo ake atha ndipo sadzachitanso, pamene mtima wake ukugunda, ndipo ndinaphunzira china chatsopano kuchokera kuzinthu zomwe mudalemba m'mutu. mitu pamutu pa yankho lanu. Komanso: Ndine wokondwa kuti mapeto anu omaliza - kuti ndi udindo kupereka ziwalo za mwamuna uyu - ndizofanana ndi zanga. Ndikukhulupirira kuti mupitiliza kugwiritsa ntchito mwayi wanu ndi chikoka chanu pakati pa Bnei Torah kuti musinthe malingaliro osazindikira - komanso osakhulupirira - a atsogoleri ena achipembedzo chachiyuda cha ultra-Orthodox ndi dziko lachipembedzo.

Koma zomwe mungachite ponena za kusiyana pakati pa "moyo" ndi "wakufa", simungathe, mwa lingaliro langa, kuchita za kusiyana pakati pa "opotozedwa" ndi "osapotozedwa." Ndidzalongosola mawu anga: Choyamba, mosiyana ndi zomwe mumalemba, dokotala ndi zambiri momwe angadziwire ngati munthu ali moyo kapena wakufa. Ndikudziwa izi koyamba. Pamene ndinkagwira ntchito m’dipatimenti yosamalira odwala monga dokotala wodziŵa bwino ntchito, mbali yomvetsa chisoni ya ntchito yanga inali kudziŵa, poyamba, imfa ya odwala amene anafa usiku. Ndimakumbukirabe, mpaka lero, nkhope zambiri zomwe ndinaphimba ndi pepala pokonzekera kubwera kwa wantchito wapakhomo, yemwe anabwera kudzawatenga poyambira ulendo wawo womaliza.

Ndipo komabe ndikuzindikira kuti mukulondola pamene mukunena kuti kutsimikiza kwa halakhic kwa yemwe ali "wamoyo" ndi "wakufa" kungakhale kosiyana ndi kutsimikiza kwachipatala, ndipo sikumapatuka ngakhale zili choncho. Koma mapeto omveka kuchokera ku yankho lanu, kuti tanthawuzo lamaganizo la kupatuka ndi kutanthauzira kwachipembedzo (ndipo ndithudi tanthawuzo la chikhalidwe chachipembedzo) la kupatuka limakhalanso losagwirizana, m'malingaliro mwanga limasonyeza zenizeni.

Tiyeni titenge kleptomania, yomwe mudabweretsa ngati mayeso. Kleptomania si kupatuka. Ndi matenda amisala. Mawu akuti kupatuka amasungidwa m'maganizo, monga m'chinenero cha m'misewu, chifukwa chachilendo, osati kunena zonyansa, khalidwe la kugonana. Ndikukhulupirira kuti simukuyesera kugwiritsa ntchito masamu, komanso kusalowerera ndale, kutanthauzira kwapatuka ku zomwe zachitika kale (aka kupatuka kokhazikika), kuti mutsimikizire kutsika kwamalingaliro oyipa a Chiyuda cha Orthodox chokhazikitsidwa ku kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha.

Psychiatry amachita osati ndi "makhalidwe" koma ndi zochitika subjective; Monga momwe mudalembera, ndipo ndine wokondwa kuti pano mukuvomerezana ndi ine, kleptomaniac sayenera kuba kuti akhale kleptomaniac, ndipo mwamuna kapena mkazi sayenera kunama kwa mwamuna kuti akhale gay. Koma apa pakutha fanizo la fanizolo ndi fanizolo. The kleptomaniac imavulaza ndi kuvulaza ena mu khalidwe lake, kotero khalidwe lake ndi lolakwika (osati lopotoka), ndipo anthu amaloledwa kuteteza. Komanso: ngati aba zinthu zamtengo wapatali, kusokonezeka kwake m'maganizo sikungamuyimire kukhoti, ndipo kumangoganiziridwa pamikangano yopereka chilango. Ndikuganiza kuti inu ndi ine timavomereza kuti amuna kapena akazi okhaokha si zigawenga, ndipo ngati sakunamiza mwamuna - sizikudziwika kwa ine kuti amasiyana bwanji ndi amuna ena achiyuda, omwe amakumananso ndi zoletsedwa za Torah pakuwonetsa kugonana kwawo.

Ndikubwereranso kunkhani yakulephera kulekanitsa mfundo zenizeni ndi zowona muzamisala. Mkristu wa Katolika amakhulupirira ndi chikhulupiriro chonse kuti mkate wa mgonero umene analandira ndi kudya pa Misa unakhala m’kamwa mwake thupi lenileni la Mesiya. Ndi malingaliro abodza pazolinga zonse, ndipo amapatuka ku tanthauzo la psychosis chifukwa cha chikhalidwe cha anthu komanso mtengo wake - mazana a mamiliyoni a anthu amakhulupirira. Ichi ndi chitsanzo chaching'ono, koma psychiatry, ikafika pakutanthauzira, kuzindikira ndi kuchiza zochitika zodziwikiratu, imafufuza mozama mumdima pamaziko achilengedwe a zochitika izi.

Ndingakhale wokondwa kukhala wokhoza kuyika ntchito yanga pamapazi omwewo omwe physics imayimapo, koma sizichitika m'moyo wanga, ndipo mwina ayi. Monga mukudziwira bwino kuchokera kwa ine, funso lofunika kwambiri lazanzeru lomwe limayambitsa nkhaniyi, lomwe ndikuganiza kuti lilibe yankho logwira mtima pakadali pano, ndi funso la psychophysical causality: kodi ndi njira imodzi kapena ziwiri kapena sizikugwira ntchito pankhaniyi. onse? Agogo anga aamuna omwe mudawatchula adachita, monga inu, ndi funso la psychophysical causality, ndipo adakhulupirira kuti palibe ndipo sangakhale yankho la izo (Ignorbimus - sitikudziwa ndipo sitidzadziwa). Popanda kunyengerera komanso osayesa kulowa mkati mozama apa, ndikugwirizana ndi maganizo a wophunzira wake, Prof. Yosef Neumann, yemwe ankaganiza kuti lero palibe yankho, koma mawa n'zotheka (Ignoramus - sitikudziwa, koma tidzadziwa tsiku lina).

Pomaliza, ndikufuna kubwerera kuchokera ku filosofi yapamwamba kupita ku dziko lamdima la ogonana amuna kapena akazi okhaokha achipembedzo. Ndinalemba nkhani yanga potsatira mawu a mnzako Rabbi Levinstein, amene anachotsa anthu abwinowa ndi kuwamvetsa chisoni. Kumapeto kwa tsiku funso lothandiza lomwe limandisangalatsa, komanso lomwe sindinapezepo chiwongolero chachindunji komanso chofunikira pakuyankha kwanu (ndipo ndikuyembekeza kutchulidwa kotereku), ndikuti ngati pali njira yololeza ogonana amuna kapena akazi okhaokha azipembedzo kukhala ndikuyamba mabanja m'madera achipembedzo a Zionist. Zikafika kwa anthu omwe samanama kwa mwamuna, ichi ndi lingaliro langa lodzichepetsa ndi funso lachiyanjano kusiyana ndi halakhic. Pano, m'malingaliro anga, inu, ine, ndi owerenga athu onse tiyenera kukumbukira mawu a mnzako, Albert Einstein: "N'zosavuta kusokoneza opaque kusiyana ndi kuthetsa tsankho."

wanu,

Yoram Yuval

Ndipo nayi momwe ndingachitire apa ndi mawu ake:

Wokondedwa Prof. Yuval, Moni.

Choyamba pondilemekeza chifukwa chosangalala ndi manambala anga komanso kuyamikira kwanu pano. Izi sizophweka kwa ine.

Ndithudi, sindinagwirizane ndi zimene munanena m’nkhaniyo, ngakhale kuti sindinganene kuti sindinasangalale nazo. Monga mwachizolowezi, zinthu zimalembedwa bwino komanso momveka bwino komanso mokongola. Ndipo komabe, monga tafotokozera, ngakhale pambuyo pa "mapeto a zosintha" (monga momwe mukunenera), sindimagwirizana nawo, ndipo ndiyesera kufotokoza chifukwa chake.

Ngati tigwirizana pa Foucault (ndikutanthauza mfundo yachiwiri), ndiye kuti tafika pa mfundo yoyamba yodziwika kuti matenda amisala amadzaza ndi malingaliro amtengo wapatali ndipo makamaka amachokera pa iwo. Lilinso ndi mbali yowona, koma mfundo yaikulu pafupifupi nthawi zonse imakhudza mafunso amtengo wapatali ndi chikhalidwe.

Ndikuti munavomereza kuti ndi choncho, sindikuwona momwe mumanenera kuti ubale wa rabi ndi katswiri wamisala umadalira chitsanzo cha ubale wa akatswiri ndi rabi. Ngakhale psychiatry sakuwona ngati kupatuka, mumavomerezabe kuti ndi lingaliro lamtengo wapatali. Nanga n’cifukwa ciani rabi ayenela kuvomeleza zimenezi monga kutsimikiza mtima kwa nchito yake? Iye akhoza ndithudi kusankha kuti amupeza, koma ndi chisankho chake cha halakhic ndipo sichikugwirizana ndi mphamvu zamaluso. Ponena za chitsanzo cha rabi motsutsana ndi katswiri, mwanditchula kale mu yankho langa loyamba Pankhani yomwe ndidapereka pankhaniyi Masana m.

Munawonjezeranso kuti ndizosapeweka (kuti azamisala azisakaniza mfundo ndi zowona). Ngakhale kuti sindine katswiri, ndinganenebe kuti sindikugwirizana nazo. Ndiwongolereni ngati ndikulakwitsa, koma zamaganizo zikanayang'ana pa mfundo (mwachidziwitso chochuluka, mwachitsanzo, kuphatikizapo malingaliro omwe amawafotokozera, monga mu sayansi ya chilengedwe), ndipo palibe china. Mwachitsanzo, akadakhala okhutitsidwa ndi nthawi zonse zomwe zimayambira kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha (kwa ine izi zikuphatikizanso zongopeka zakuthengo za psychoanalytic monga mukufunira, bola ngati awa ndi malingaliro omwe amayesa kufotokoza zochitikazo popanda mtengo wamtengo wapatali), momwe zimakhalira. akukula (ibid.), Kumene kuli ponseponse, kaya ndi momwe Izi zingasinthidwe, ndipo mtengo wamtundu uliwonse wa kusintha (kapena "kutembenuka" osati pa ife) ndi chiyani. Awa ndi mafunso omwe amakhudzana ndi zenizeni komanso kumasulira kwake, motero ndi mafunso ovomerezeka asayansi ndi akatswiri. Zikuwoneka kwa ine kuti mafunso onsewa samayimbidwa ndi mtengo uliwonse. Kumbali ina, funso loti ndipatuka kapena ayi, liyenera kusiyidwa kwa anthu ndi munthu aliyense mkati mwake kuti adziwe.

Zachidziwikire ngati mupanganso lingaliro la "kupatuka" chowonadi changa, monga kupatuka kwachiwerengero chazowerengera ("neutral mathematical definition", m'chinenero chanu) ndiye kuti psychiatry imatha kudziwa izi mwaukadaulo, koma mwavomera kale m'mawu anu apa kuti. izi sizili choncho. Kumbali inayi, mumabwereranso kuno ndikukonza zothandiza kwanga pakupatuka, ndipo ndikuganiza pochita izi mukuyeseranso kutanthauzira tanthauzo lamisala kuti mugwiritse ntchito tsiku ndi tsiku. M'magwiritsidwe ambiri m'maboma athu kupatuka ndi kolimba (mwachibadwa?) Chizoloŵezi chochita zachigawenga (monga chitsanzo cha kleptomania chomwe tinagwirizana, kupatulapo mawu oti "kupatuka"). Njira imodzi kapena imzake, uku ndiko kutanthauzira, chifukwa chake Rabbi Levinstein ndi ine ndekha (yemwe ali kutali kwambiri ndi malingaliro ake pazinthu zambiri) amavomereza kuti palibe malo oti atenge ulamuliro wa akatswiri pa izo. Zomwe zili konkire za lingalirolo, ndipo zikuphatikizapo kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha, ine ndekha ndimakonda kuganiza kuti ayi (chifukwa m'malingaliro mwanga kupatuka ndi chizolowezi chochita zachiwerewere, osati chizoloŵezi chauchigawenga m'lingaliro lachipembedzo). Ndikuganiza kuti maganizo a Rabbi Levinstein ndi inde (chifukwa m'maganizo mwake chizoloŵezi chochita zigawenga m'malingaliro achipembedzo ndi kupatuka, mwina chifukwa chakuti amazindikiritsa halakhah ndi makhalidwe abwino, omwe ndimakana kwambiri ndipo potero amalowa nawo kumapeto kwa tangle).

Pansi pake, sindikuwona chifukwa padziko lapansi choti bungwe la American Psychiatric Association kapena bungwe lina lililonse la akatswiri litidziwitse tonsefe zomwe tiyenera kulandira ndi zomwe siziyenera, komanso kupatuka ndi zomwe siziyenera. Izi ziyenera kusiyidwa kwa anthu, kwa munthu aliyense payekha, komanso kwa dokotala wake wamisala (mosiyana ndi gulu lawo la akatswiri). Ndiko kunena kuti: anthu adzasankha ngati pali chinachake chomwe chiri chovulaza kwa ena (kleptomania, pedophilia, etc.), ndiyeno chiyenera kuthandizidwa ngakhale ngati wodwalayo sanasonyeze chikhumbo chake (pazovuta kwambiri). Ngati palibe vuto lililonse, munthuyo adzasankha yekha ngati akufuna / akufuna chithandizo kapena ayi. Ndipo ndithudi dokotala wa zamaganizo yemwe amatembenukira kwa (osati mayanjano) anganene kuti sakufuna kuchiza nkhaniyi chifukwa cha makhalidwe ake. Mulimonse momwe zingakhalire, sindikuwona mwayi wosankha gulu la akatswiri pankhani zotere.

Ndikuganiza kuti chithunzichi chikufotokozeranso chifukwa chake m'malingaliro mwanga palidi ndipo ndikuthawa kuyambitsa miyeso yamtengo wapatali muzamisala. Pakumvetsetsa kwanga mu chitsanzo ichi timapewa izi, kotero m'malingaliro mwanga katswiri wazamisala amatha kusiyanitsa pakati pa zowona ndi zowona, monga wasayansi kapena filosofi. Popeza sindine katswiri, sindikukayika kuti cholakwika chingachitike m'mawu awa, ndipo ndingasangalale mutandiwongolera.

N’chimodzimodzinso ndi mmene munthu alili m’chipinda cha odwala mwakayakaya pamene mtima wake ukugunda ndipo maganizo ake asiya kugwira ntchito. Otsutsa mu lingaliro langa, omwe m'maso mwanga ali olakwika ndi ovulaza, sali "osadziwa," monga momwe mumanenera. Kupatula apo, izi sizowona kapena chidziwitso chamtundu uliwonse, chifukwa chake ndimatsutsa kugwiritsa ntchito mawuwa powalemekeza. M'malingaliro mwanga iwo ali ndi makhalidwe oipa ndi chifukwa chake ali ovulaza. Apanso, ndikofunikira kuti ndisamale ndikusiyanitsa pakati pa zomwe zili zofunika komanso zenizeni. Ndendende pachifukwa ichi dokotala alibe phindu lowonjezera pokhudzana ndi funsoli.

Mfundo yomwe mudatchula m'mawu anu apa kuti pochita mawu awa amaperekedwa kwa madokotala si kanthu koma nthumwi zaulamuliro, ndipo palibenso china. Uku si kutsimikiza kwa akatswiri. Osaphatikizanso mfundo ndi mfundo. Kunena zoona perekani chigamulo chodziwira imfa kwa madokotala (monga momwe mudafotokozera za inu nokha mu chipewa chanu monga dokotala), koma izo sizikutanthauza kuti ndi chisankho chenicheni-akatswiri. Izi zimachitidwa kuti zikhale zosavuta komanso zogwira ntchito bwino, ndipo kwenikweni ndikupereka mphamvu za nyumba yamalamulo kwa dokotala kuti afupikitse ndikuwongolera ndondomekoyi. Kusankha ntchito zomwe munthuyo ali nazo muzochitika zotere komanso mwayi wake wobwerera ku moyo ndi chisankho cha akatswiri. Chisankho ngati mumkhalidwe woteroyo amatengedwa kuti wamwalira - ndi chisankho chamtengo wapatali. Iye alibe chochita ndi zowona. Mosiyana ndi zomwe mudalemba, chisankho cha halakhic chokhudza moyo ndi imfa si "chosiyana ndi chisankho chachipatala." Nthiwatiwa kuti palibe "chigamulo chachipatala" chokhudza moyo kapena imfa. Ichi ndi chisankho chamtengo wapatali (monga tafotokozera pamwambapa). Ndizowona kuti chigamulo chalamulo chikhoza kukhala chosiyana ndi cha halakhic, popeza awiriwa ndi osiyana siyana (osati zenizeni).

Timavomereza kotheratu kuti amuna kapena akazi okhaokha si zigawenga. Koma ndithudi sitikuvomereza kuti ogonana amuna kapena akazi okhaokha (omwe amagwiritsira ntchito zizoloŵezi zawo) sali apandu. Timavomereza kuti zochita zawo sizili zolakwa, ndiko kuti, kulakwa kwakhalidwe (ndinatchulapo kuti pali ena mumsasa wachipembedzo amene amaganiza mosiyana, ine sindine mmodzi wa iwo), popeza samavulaza ena. Koma halakhic ndi Torah ndi zigawenga, kotero kuchokera kuchipembedzo ndi halakhic maganizo awo ndi achifwamba mofanana ndi wakupha kapena wachifwamba (komanso ndi achifwamba amakhalidwe). Mlingo wa liwongo ndi nkhani ina ndithudi. Apa ndipamene mlingo wa kusankha ndi ulamuliro umene ali nawo umabwera ndi mlingo wa kuzindikira kuti ichi ndi choletsedwa (munthu wadziko samawona kuti izi ndi zoletsedwa ndithudi). Monga ngati kleptomaniac pamaso pa mbala wamba.

Ndikofunika kwa ine kuzindikira kuti ponena za kuchitira anthu ogonana amuna kapena akazi okhaokha ndine womasuka kwambiri kuposa momwe mumayembekezera. Kwa ine, ngakhale iwo amene akuzindikira nkhaniyi ali ndi ufulu wolandira chithandizo cha anthu wamba m'deralo (pokhapokha ngati akuwagwedeza ndi kuwalalikira, umene ndi ulaliki wa anthu ophwanya malamulo motsatira malamulo). Munthu amene ali chigawenga mumkhalidwe wake waumwini ndi wachinsinsi ndi membala wovomerezeka wa gulu, makamaka ngati ali mumkhalidwe wovuta kwambiri kuthana nawo. Ndalemba zambiri za izi m'mbuyomu, ndipo omasuka kuwona mwachitsanzo  Pano komanso Pano. Munadabwa kuti n’chifukwa chiyani zinthu sizinawonekere m’mayankhidwe anga m’nyuzipepala, izi zili choncho chifukwa ndinapereka ndemanga pamenepo pamikangano imene mwatulutsa m’nkhani yanuyo osati pa mfundo yake. Ngati muwona chiyambi cha yankho langa lalitali pamzati yapita Tsamba langa, mudzapeza kuti ndalemba momveka bwino kuti ndikugwirizana ndi mfundo zanu zambiri zothandiza. Tsoka ilo dongosolo silinandilole kuti ndiwonjezere yankho munyuzipepala. Ichi ndichifukwa chake ndidapanga "zosintha zina" m'magawo awiri omaliza apa patsamba komanso pazokambirana zomwe zidatsatira (muzokambirana).

Ndipo ndimaliza ndi mimara yomwe mudatchula kuti "mnzanga", monga momwe mumanenera (ndimachita manyazi kutchula dzina langa limodzi ndi chimphona cha sayansi). Ndikovutadi kusintha kapena kuthetsa tsankho. Koma funso lalikulu ndiloti mu nkhani ya Didan ilidi tsankho, kapena ngati ndi mtengo wosiyana (malo onse amtengo wapatali, kuphatikizapo anu ndipo ndithudi anga, ndi tsankho m'lingaliro). Mkhalidwe wachipembedzo komanso chikhalidwe cha anthu azipembedzo pankhani ya kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha (zomwe m'malingaliro mwanga sizikugwirizana ndi zoletsa, chifukwa zoletsa zaluso pa Shabbat sizocheperako komanso sizimachitidwa zotere) ndiye tsankho m'malingaliro anga (chifukwa zongoganiza zowona zimapangidwa, osati zongotengera chabe). Koma lingaliro lomwelo la kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha monga choletsedwa si tsankho koma chikhalidwe cha halakhic (ngakhale zomvetsa chisoni mu lingaliro langa). Maganizo pazikhalidwe zotere (monga mwachizolowezi) ndithudi zimadalira zikhulupiriro za aliyense wa ife. Ineyo pandekha ndili ndi chikhulupiriro mwa wopereka Torah, kuti ngati adaletsa mwina pali vuto linalake (limene muumphawi wanga sindinalizindikire). Nditembenuzira maganizo anga ku lamulo lake. Koma popeza awa ndi mafunso a chikhulupiriro, sindingafune kuti azamisala atenge maudindo, ndipo osakhala otsimikiza, za iwo (monga momwe zimachitikira mgonero mkamwa mwa abale athu achikatolika), ndipo apa tabwereranso ku zotheka ndi kufunikira kochotsa psychiatry kuchokera kumagulu osiyanasiyana. Ndipo za ichi aphunzitsi athu adanena kale (ibid., Ibid.): Perekani kwa Kaisara za Kaisara…

moona mtima,

Michi Avraham

[1] Ndiyenera kunena kuti pamodzi ndi zolemba ziwiri za Yoav Sorek, zomwe zidasindikizidwa muzowonjezera zomwezo masabata awiri apitawo komanso zomwe zidasindikizidwa patsamba lowonjezera la Shabbat (p. Onani), iyi ndiye kukambirana kwanzeru komanso koyenera. ine m'manyuzipepala kapena pankhaniyi. Mwa ulemu wanga kutengapo mbali m’menemo.

Malingaliro a 8 pa "Pa Kupatuka, Katswiri ndi Makhalidwe - Yankho ku nkhani ya Prof. Yoram Yuval," Iwo Sapatuka ", Shabbat P. P. Akef - Continuation Column (Column 26)"

  1. wopikisana naye:
    Mtendere,

    Choyamba, ndikufuna kunena kuti ndinasangalala kwambiri komanso ndinaphunzira kuchokera m'makalata ndi nkhani, kuya kwake ngakhalenso mfundo zomwe nonse mumagwirizana nazo.

    Komabe, sindikumvabe kuti ndikumvetsetsa chifukwa chiyani mukuumirira kufotokozera kupotoza ngati chizoloŵezi chachinyengo osati kungopatuka ku chikhalidwe? Mlingo wa kupatuka kuchokera ku chikhalidwe chomwe chimafuna kulowererapo kapena chithandizo ndi chamtengo wapatali, koma kupatuka komweku kuchokera ku zovomerezeka ndikovomerezeka.
    Ndikupepesa chifukwa chobweretsanso Foucault munkhaniyo, koma mu The Madness of the Age of Reason , Foucault adalankhula ndendende ndipo ndikumvetsetsa kuti tidzafika pamalingaliro omwewo komanso mutu womwewo wakusiyanitsa zowona (kupatuka komwe kumapindika) ndi mayendedwe (tonse timapatuka Kapena kuyika ma catalogs ndikofunikira)

    ndi chiyamiko

    wopikisana naye
    —————————————————————————————
    Rabbi:
    Moni otsutsa.
    Palibe cholepheretsa kutanthauzira kupatuka motere. Tanthauzo ndi nkhani kwa inu. Koma ndikuganiza kuti uku sikuli tanthauzo lovomerezeka ndipo sizomwe Rabbi Levinstein ankafuna komanso zomwe tikukambirana pano. Choncho, ife (Yoram Yuval ndi ine) tinagwirizana kuti tisamafotokozere masamu ndi ndale. M'ntchito ya tsiku ndi tsiku "kupatuka" ndi mawu omwe ali ndi tanthauzo lomveka bwino loipa. Malinga ndi lingaliro lanu, Rabbi Levinstein amangonena zachabechabe komanso zopanda pake, ndiye bwanji kukambirana za izi?! Palibe kutsutsa kuti kugonana kwenikweni kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha kumadziwika ndi anthu ochepa chabe. Mtsutso (ndi Rabbi Levinstein) ndi wokhudza chithandizo choyenera cha izo (panonso Yuval ndi ine ndikuvomereza, kupatulapo mawu ndi kufunikira kwa akatswiri otsogolera zokambirana). Mwanjira imodzi kapena imzake, mikangano yonse pano ili pamtengo wamtengo wapatali osati wowona-masamu.
    Sindinamvetsetse ndemanga yanu pa Foucault. Kupatula apo, ife tokha tabwereranso Foucault ku nkhaniyo (pambuyo povomereza malingaliro olakwika okhudza izo), pakuti apa iye alidi wolondola (wotchi yoimirira, ndi zina zotero). Tonse tinagwirizana ndi zomwe Foucault adanena (m'buku lomwe mudatchula) kuti matenda amisala amachokera pamtengo wapatali komanso malingaliro a chikhalidwe. Koma ndikuganiza kuti ndicho chifukwa chake katswiri wa zamaganizo sangathe kuvala chipewa chake pamakangano apa (popeza izi ndizofunika osati zenizeni).
    Izi (ndi izi zokha) ndiye kutsutsana pakati pathu pakali pano. Mkangano wofanana ndi wokhudzana ndi kufunikira kwaulamuliro waukadaulo wa dotolo pozindikira nthawi yakufa. Koma mkangano uwu ndi womwewo.

  2. ndithu:
    Vuto la makhalidwe ndi zoletsa zonse za kugonana kwa wachibale, ndilokuti munthuyo samangochimwa yekha koma amathandiza ndi kulimbikitsa mnzake pa cholakwacho.

    Pamene ubale woletsedwa umakhala wokhazikika komanso wowonekera kwa ambiri opanda manyazi - ndiye kuti chiwerengero cha chitsanzo choipa chikuwonjezedwa kwa ambiri ndi mawu a anthu kuti izi ndizololedwa, mawu omwe ali ndi zotsatira zowononga kwa anyamata omwe adakali mumkhalidwe wa kukayikira, ndipo chitsanzo choipa chingakhumudwitse chiletsocho.

    Israeli yense ndi wolumikizana, ndipo zochita za munthu aliyense zimakhala ndi tanthauzo pa ulamuliro wonse. Tiyeni tonse tikhale ndi mwaŵi wakuyeretsedwa ndi kuwongoleredwa mmodzimmodzi m’zimene afunikira kuwongolera, ndipo motero kulamulira dziko lonse moyenerera.

    Zikomo, S.C. Levinger
    —————————————————————————————
    Rabbi:
    Moni.
    Potero mwasandutsa chiletso chilichonse chamtundu uliwonse kukhala cholakwa. Ndipotu, malinga ndi fanizo la dzenje la chombo, ngakhale zolakwa zomwe sizimakhudza munthu wina zimakhudza tsogolo lake. Kotero molingana ndi izi Torah yonse ndi makhalidwe.
    Ngati simufotokoza kuti kuletsa pachokha kuli ndi makhalidwe abwino, sikumveka kunena za makhalidwe abwino chifukwa cha kulephera ndi kuvulaza. Ichi ndi tribal tautology.

  3. ndithu:
    Mu SD XNUMX Elul XNUMX

    Kwa Rabi Avraham Neru - Moni,

    Ndithudi, zolakwa zonse za chifuniro cha Mulungu n’zachisembwere, tiyenera kulemekeza Mlengi, ponse paŵiri kukhala ‘mwini nyumba’ padziko lonse lapansi, ndi chiyamikiro kaamba ka chisomo chake chonse ali nafe.

    Nthawi yomweyo zoletsa zingapo zakugonana, zomwe zimatikweza kuti timange banja lathanzi, zomwe zimayendetsedwa osati ndi chibadwa chokha, komanso mfundo zachikondi, kukhulupirika ndi chifundo, chifukwa cha zomwe abambo ndi amayi amapindula wina ndi mnzake ndikubzala kosatha. chikondi ndi kudzipereka.

    Koma pambali pa ulemu wa Mlengi, palinso thayo loyambirira la ulemu kwa makolo. Kodi ndi kuthedwa nzeru kotani kumene kumachititsidwa kwa makolo pamene mwana wawo wagwera m’moyo umene moyo wake wonse uli chiletso chokhwima, moyo umene mulibe mwaŵi wa kukhazikitsa ‘Mbadwo Wodala Wodala’ umene udzapitirizabe njira ya Chiyuda?

    Munthu amene akudziwa kuti makolo ake adayika ndalama zochuluka bwanji mwa iye ndi kuchuluka kwa momwe adaperekera moyo wawo kuti amubweretse kudziko lapansi kuti amulele ndi kumuphunzitsa - ali ndi udindo kuyesetsa kuti achoke pamene adagwera.

    Monga momwe makolo nthawi zambiri amadutsa mu zovuta zochiritsira, mwakuthupi ndi m'maganizo, kukhala ndi mwayi wokumbatira mwana, ndipo ngati sapambana mu mankhwalawa, yesani chithandizo china, ndipo musataye mtima - tsopano zili kwa mwanayo. amene anali ndi ndalama zomwezo kuti makolo ake apindule. Izi ndi zochepa zomwe angawabwezere pa zabwino zawo zonse kwa iye.

    Ngakhale asing'anga omwe satsimikiza kuti aliyense angasinthe, amati pali zopambana. Ngakhale chizoloŵezi cha kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha chitakhala champhamvu komanso chodziwika bwino, chomwe chimakhala chovuta kwambiri kusintha - akutero Dr. Zvi Mozes (m'nkhani yake, 'Kodi Chithandizo cha Reversal Tendencies Psychologically effective psychologically', pa "Root" webusaiti), kuti anthu ndi ovuta kwambiri. wotsimikiza ndi kukhala ndi chikhulupiriro cholimba, akhoza kuyambitsa banja, mothandizidwa ndi chisamaliro choyenera akatswiri.

    Zikomo, S.C. Levinger

    Kulera mwana ndi kulera ana wina, kuwonjezera pa kusathetsa vuto la kuletsa, kumaphatikizapo chisoni kwa makolo amene mwanayo anatengedwako. Kuchulukirachulukira kwa anthu ofuna kulera ana omwe ndi amuna kapena akazi okhaokha kudzachititsa kuti anthu azilandira chithandizo chamankhwala kuti achulukitse “zopereka”zo mwa kugwiritsa ntchito mopambanitsa kulera mwana m’malo moyesetsa kusiya mwanayo m’manja mwa makolo ake.

    Koposa zonse, 'kubadwa kwa ana' ndikugwiritsa ntchito masautso owopsa a mabanja. Palibe mkazi wololera adzadutsa kuvutika kwa mimba ndi kubereka, kotero kuti mwana adzaperekedwa kwa alendo, koma m'malo mwake ali m'mavuto aakulu azachuma kapena m'maganizo, ndipo ndani akudziwa ngati mabungwe achiwawa ndi maboma achinyengo sakukhudzidwa?
    —————————————————————————————
    Rabbi:

    Moni.
    Monga ndinalembera, zonsezi zikhoza kukhala zoona komabe ndizosagwirizana ndi zokambiranazo. Funso ndilakuti zoletsedwazo ndi zotani, osati ngati pali mbali zina zamakhalidwe abwino.
    Pamwamba pa izi pali zizindikiro zina za thupi la zinthu:
    Mlengi ndi amene analenga munthu ndi zilakolako zake. Sindikutsimikiza kuti ndikuwona udindo wamakhalidwe pa munthu kuti asinthe izi.
    2. Kukhumudwa kwa makolo kungakhalepo, koma pangakhale zochitika pamene kulibe. Nanga bwanji? Azla udindo wake wamakhalidwe? Kupitilira apo, ngakhale sindinafufuze koma ndikuganiza kuti pali mabanja otere omwe akulera ana omwe amalondera kumanda. Ndikuganiza kuti "palibe mwayi" ndi mawu amphamvu kwambiri.
    3. Munthu "sanagwe" koma "anagwidwa."
    4. Mikangano yonseyi imakamba za udindo wosintha (ngati nkotheka), koma osalozera ku vuto la makhalidwe m’kuchita kwake.
    5. Munthu safunikira kusintha moyo wake chifukwa amavutitsa makolo ake. Zimadziwika kuchokera ku Riki yomwe inatchulidwa ku Rama Yod kuti mwana wamwamuna sayenera kumvera makolo ake posankha wokwatirana naye, ndipo ndinakulitsa izi m'nkhani zanga zolemekeza makolo.
    6. Pali asing'anga ambiri omwe amafotokoza zolephera komanso kuwonongeka kowopsa. Sindinapite ku funso lakuti ngati chithandizocho sichingagwire ntchito, koma munafotokoza momwe zinthu zinalili bwino. Chofunikira kuti munthu achite ngozi zotere chiyenera kukhala champhamvu kwambiri. Ndipo kachiwiri, pamlingo wachipembedzo palidi kufunikira kotereku, koma kuwona ngati udindo wamakhalidwe ndikukayikira kwambiri. Palibe chiyamikiro chimene chimakakamiza munthu kuloŵa m’mazunzo aakulu chotero ndi ngozi zamaganizo. Kuti makolo adzalowa mu njira zochiritsira zomwe zidzasinthe malingaliro awo ndikuchotsa kukhumudwa, ndizosavuta komanso zofunika kwambiri (makhalidwe, osati halakhic).
    7. Ndemanga zomaliza ndizofotokozera zambali imodzi komanso zokondera (ndipo ndimagwiritsa ntchito chilankhulo chofatsa). Ndizodziwikiratu kwa inu kuti ngati simunatsutsidwe kwenikweni ndi mkhalidwewu simukanawona choncho. Kuberekera ndi mgwirizano pakati pa anthu okalamba. Ndipo chilichonse chimene chingatuluke m’menemo, munthu achite khama ndi kuchiletsa. Sichichedwa kuchitapo kanthu. Kupereka zachifundo kungapangitsenso kuti anthu asowe ndalama ndipo akhoza kuba. Yigal Amir ankanenedwa kuti anali ndi chikhulupiriro chachipembedzo chimene chingachititse kuphana ndi kuchita zinthu monyanyira. Kodi ichi ndi chifukwa chake chikhulupiriro chachipembedzo chiyenera kusiyidwa?

    Monga lamulo, mukamadzutsa mikangano yamitundu yonse ndipo pazifukwa zina aliyense mpaka pomaliza mbali imodzi, ndimakayikira ndikuwunikanso chiweruzo changa.
    —————————————————————————————
    ndithu:
    Popanda kukambitsirana mwatsatanetsatane mfundo zonse zomwe mudadzutsa - ndipanga ndemanga imodzi yokha yokhudza zoopsa zomwe zimakambidwa muzamankhwala otembenuka mtima.

    Choyamba, munthu ayenera kumvetsetsa kuti si mankhwala aliwonse operekedwa omwe ali oyenera, ndipo pali mankhwala omwe angakhale oyenera kwa wina ndipo akhoza kuwononga wina, monga momwe amachitira ndi mankhwala, kumene zomwe zimathandiza wina zimatha kubweretsa wina ku zipata za imfa, monga mankhwala zonse ziyenera kuchitidwa ndi katswiri wina wa zamaganizo Kuzindikira mozama ndi kusintha mosamala chikhalidwe cha mankhwala kwa munthu.

    Ndipo chachiwiri, munthu ayenera kudziwa kuti sayansi ikupita mumdima ikafika pa nkhani yonse ya kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha (mwa njira, gawo lalikulu la mdima ndilodzifunira, limaletsa mwachidwi kuyesa kulikonse kotulukira, chifukwa chokumana nacho kwambiri ndi mpatuko ndi kuvomerezeka kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha).

    Chimodzi mwa zoopsa zazikulu zomwe zimachitika chifukwa choyesa kuchiritsa ndikuopa kutaya mtima kwathunthu chifukwa chakulephera kwa chithandizo chamankhwala. Komabe, mukamadziwa pasadakhale kuti izi ndi njira zatsopano komanso zoyeserera - mulingo wa ziyembekezo ndizochepa kwambiri, ndipo motero kukhumudwa kwa kulephera sikugwetsa munthuyo. Ndipo mvetsetsani kuti zomwe 'sizinapite' pakadali pano mwanjira iyi, zitha kupambana mawa mwanjira yosiyana pang'ono, 'ndipo ngati sichoncho mawa ndiye mawa' 🙂

    Kumbali imodzi, tiyenera kuyambira poyambira pokhulupirira kuti Mulungu waika vuto lalikulu pa anthu kuti apeze machiritso a chizoloŵezichi chomwe chili chosemphana ndi Torah. Kumbali ina, podziwa kuti njira yamtsogolo ndi yayitali ndipo sitinapeze yankho lomveka bwino.

    Umu ndi momwe zilili ndi mavuto onse aumunthu, pamene akuyesetsa kupeza chithandizo - patsogolo. Nthawi zina zaka zambiri zimadutsa, nthawi zina mazana, ndipo ngakhale kupitirira apo, komabe musataye mtima komanso motalika ndikupitiriza kufufuza mbali zonse zomwe zingatheke, mpaka mwadzidzidzi kutulukira kukubwera.

    Zikomo, S.C. Levinger
    —————————————————————————————
    Rabbi:
    Choyamba, awa ndi malipoti ochokera kwa akatswiri azamisala.
    Chachiwiri, bola ngati sanapeze chithandizo ndipo zonse zadzaza ndi chifunga monga mukunenera, ndiye mukuyembekezera chiyani kwa mwamunayo? Kukhala ndi makhalidwe abwino osati kukhala gay popanda mankhwala othandiza?
    —————————————————————————————
    ndithu:

    Zoyenera kuchita?

    A. Yang'anani njira zothetsera.
    Kufunsira kwa akatswiri komanso kuwerenga mabuku aukadaulo, kungathandize munthu kuzindikira umunthu wake ndi zomwe zimayambitsa vuto lake, zomwe angapezeko njira zatsopano zothetsera vuto lake, mwinanso njira zomwe akatswiri sanaganizirepo.

    B. Pangani zovuta kukhala zovuta.
    Monga momwe anthu amasangalalira kuyesera kuthana ndi vuto losamveka bwino ku Gemara kapena 'M'mphepete'. Apa mnyamatayo ali ndi vuto lochititsa chidwi - kuthyola mwambi wa moyo wake. Dzifunseni zomwe zimadzutsa chikondi chake ndi zilakolako zake komanso zomwe zimawakhazika mtima pansi? Kodi ndi makhalidwe ati amene amapangitsa kuti azikonda anzake? Ndipo mwina palinso mkazi amene ali ndi mikhalidwe yoteroyo yomwe ingadzutsenso chikondi chake ndipo pambuyo pake mwinanso kusungunula kuyimilira kwa kukopeka kwa kugonana.

    chachitatu. Komanso khalani ndi chifundo pa 'njira'
    Iwo omwe akukumana ndi chokumana nacho chovuta chosapiririka choyenda mumsewu kumene amakumana nthawi zonse ndi akazi omwe ali ovala, kapena osavala, amatanthauza kulimbikitsa chibadwa cha omwe amadutsa mumsewu,.

    D. Kudziwa momwe 'angazigwiritsire ntchito' kuti apambane pa chilichonse, ngakhale chaching'ono kapena chaching'ono.
    Kuganiza momwe Mlengi wake amasangalalira ndi kupambana kulikonse, ndi kukana kulikonse kwachibadwa. Poyamba amasangalala ndi kukana kwachibadwa kwa maola angapo; Pambuyo pake kwa masiku angapo, ndipo pambuyo pake kuposa pamenepo. Monga momwe chibadwa choipa chimadza nthaŵi ndi nthaŵi, chimayamba pang’ono ndi kupitiriza ndi zambiri, chotero ‘mokulira’ chibadwa chabwino—chimapitirirabe mpaka lero!

    Mulungu. Kuchita zinthu zosangalatsa.
    Kuphunzira, ntchito, nyimbo, kudzipereka ndi zina zotero. Kodi zimenezi si zimene Farao mfumu ya Iguputo anatiphunzitsa kuti: ‘Ntchitoyi ilemekeze anthu, musawapulumutse ku bodza,’ ndiponso mosiyana ndi aphunzitsi athu amene anatiphunzitsa?

    ndi. Osakhazikika mu 'vuto' nthawi zonse.
    Zoonadi, 'vuto' limakhala 'chidziwitso'. Zindikirani kuti aliyense ali ndi zilakolako zake ndi kugwa kwake, ndipo mosiyana ndi 'ubwino wochuluka' nsonga ndi kupambana zimachuluka. Monga momwe Aigupto amakhudzira zolephera, munthu ayenera kusangalala kangapo pa kupambana kwa moyo ndi ntchito zabwino, zomwe ndendende chifukwa zimabwera ndi chisoni ndi zovuta, ndizofunika kwambiri pamalopo.

    P. ‘Pakuti chimwemwe cha Mulungu ndicho mphamvu yanu’.
    Pamene munthu amva kukhalapo kwa Mulungu pa dziko lapansi - ndi chimwemwe chochuluka mwa iye. 'Ndapempha Ambuye pamaso panga nthawi zonse chifukwa pa dzanja lamanja sindidzagwa', ndipo monga momwe otsatirawo adafunsa kuti: 'Chifukwa mudzatuluka ndi chisangalalo' - ndi chisangalalo. Kugawana ndi Mulungu mayendedwe onse a moyo, pakuvomereza zabwino zonse ndikupempha zosoweka, za munthu mwiniyo komanso gulu lonse. Mukayandikira moyo ndi chisangalalo ndi kupepuka - mumaponya zopinga zonse.

    Izi ndi zina mwa zofunika za kupirira molimba mtima, ndipo mwachionekere aliyense angapeze kuchokera m’chokumana nacho chake ndi chokumana nacho cha ena uphungu wabwino wowonjezereka wakuti, ‘Patsani anzeru ndi kukhala wanzeru mowonjezereka’.

    Zikomo, S.C. Levinger
    —————————————————————————————
    Rabbi:
    Moni. Sindinagwirizane ndi chiganizo chimodzi chanu. Koma pamene ndinayamba kuchita nawo (kusakanikirana mobwerezabwereza pakati pa makhalidwe abwino ndi halakhah, lingaliro lolakwika la makhalidwe abwino, ndi zina zotero), ndinazindikira panthawi ina kuti sikunali kusagwirizana. Zinthu ndi zonyansa basi. Ngati mungandilole, ndikuganiza kuti nkhani yotsatirayi, yomwe ndinamvapo kwa Rabbi Shalom Shevdron, ikumveketsa bwino mfundoyo. Iye adati nthawi ina adawona mnyamata yemwe adagwa mumsewu ndikuvulala, adamunyamula ndikuyamba kuthamangira kuchipatala. M’njira yonseyi, anthu ochokera m’mazenera ndi anthu odutsa m’njira anali kufuula moni kwa iye, monga “Rabbi Shalom, mankhwala athunthu” (m’Chiyidishi, ndithudi). Ndipo kotero iye anathamanga nathamanga ndipo aliyense anafuna. Patangopita mphindi zochepa akuwona kutsogolo kwake kuli mkazi akuyenda chapatali ndipo nayenso adamukuwa ngati wina aliyense, "Rabbi Shalom, machiritso amphumphu." Pang'ono ndi pang'ono adamuyandikira ndipo mawu ake adafooka pang'ono. Pamapeto pake pamene adawona kuti anali ndani (= mwana wake, ndithudi) anayamba kukuwa mowopsya. Pa nthawiyi zofuna ndi malangizo ake zinatha. Kumasulira kwaulere: Nthawi ina ndinawona munthu akuvutika moyo wake wonse chifukwa cha vuto lobadwa nalo. M’moyo wake wonse pamene anayenda molemera pansi pa katundu wake aliyense anamuuza kuti, “Uyenera kupanga chovutacho kukhala chovuta,” kapena “Kuzindikira umunthu wako.” Ena adamupatsanso upangiri waulere: "Kuchokera pazovuta zidzamangidwa." Adanenedwa kuti "Finals from villages". Onjezani kuti "dziwani kudzitamandira chifukwa cha kupambana kulikonse, ngakhale pang'ono." Ena anafika mpaka pomuuza kuti: “Kutimvera chisoni kuti sitivutika ndiponso sitinavutike ndi mazunzo a supu” (= zosangalatsa zimene muli nazo!). Kapena "Chitani zinthu zosangalatsa, m'malo mongokhalira kulowa m'mavuto." Ndipo ndithudi, "chimwemwe cha Mulungu ndi cholimba." Mehadrin wochokera ku Mehadrin angawonjezere apa kuti: "Zowona, pafupifupi palibe amene amapambana, koma ndamva kuti m'madzi ambiri a m'nyanja pali omwe amatenga mazana a golidi m'malipiro awo ndi odwala (ngati adapatsidwa ulemu wowona, ndithudi, ndi . ngati anapita kwa akatswiri zoona ndithu) inde anapambana. Mulungu athandize Rabbi Shalom.” Sindikudziwa kuti mungamve bwanji mutakhala kuti muli ndi vuto ngati limeneli ndipo wina angakupatseni malangizo abwino amenewa. Ndikudziwa zomwe ndingamve. Munamaliza ndikunena kuti aliyense angapeze malangizo abwino kuchokera ku zomwe adakumana nazo. Ndikukuuzani malangizo abwino okha omwe ndimachokera ku zochitika zanga zokhudzana ndi zochitika zoterezi: kuti chinthu chomaliza chomwe munthu amafunikira ndi malangizo amtunduwu ndi zina zotero. Ndikuganiza kuti ndibwino kuti avomereze chowonadi ndikunena kuti tilibe malangizo, koma ndidzachita chiyani ndipo Atate wanga wakumwamba wandilamulira (lamulo lachipembedzo ndi lachiwerewere).
    —————————————————————————————
    Tomer:

    Rabi Michi,
    N’kutheka kuti mawu a Rabbi Levinger amanenedwa momasuka chifukwa ali kutali ndi vutolo. Iye ndi ena sangamve ngati mayi wa mwana ameneyo. Izi sizikutanthauza kuti si yankho lolondola. Pambuyo pa chisoni chonse ndi mavuto a mkhalidwewo, mawu ake akusonkhanitsira moipa kwambiri zimene zimayembekezeredwa kwa mwamuna wachipembedzo wogonana amuna kapena akazi okhaokha kuchita. Kuposa pamenepo - mawu ake akufotokoza mwachidule zomwe Myuda aliyense amayenera kuchita. N’zotheka kuchitira chifundo munthu aliyense (chifundo ndi nkhani yachibale monga momwe zimadziŵika bwino), tonsefe timakumana ndi mavuto, ndipo umu ndi mmene Myuda ayenera kuchitira nawo.
    —————————————————————————————
    Rabbi:

    Moni.
    Choyamba, mfundo yakuti wina ali kutali ndi vuto iyenera kumupangitsa kuti alankhule kapena asalankhule ndi kudzipatula koteroko ndi mawu otere.
    Sindinali kungonena za mayankhowo koma za kamvekedwe kamene anayankhidwa. Koma ngakhale mayankho pawokha ndi olakwika. Choyamba, palibe vuto la makhalidwe pano, ndipo ndi pamene kukambirana konse kunayambira. Chachiwiri, ambiri mwa malangizowa sali othandiza. Zina zimawonetsa zenizeni m'njira yosankha komanso yokondera. Mbali ina imamutonthoza ndi zotonthoza zopanda pake. Munthu yemweyo amene akuvutika akhoza kusankha kugonjetsa Kari ndipo mwina adzapambana, koma simungathe kumupatsa malangizo kuchokera kumbali yomwe Kari adzagonjetsa ndi kuti chimwemwe cha Mulungu ndicho linga lake. Ndiyeno wonjezeraninso kwa iye kuti ali wachiwerewere chifukwa amakhumudwitsa makolo ake ndi Mlengi wake.
    Kusiyapo pyenepi, mwai wakuti iye nkhabe kwanisa kupirira, ninga munaona ife tonsene nkhabe kwanisa kuthimbana na makhaliro ace. Inenso ndikuyembekeza kutchulidwa kwa izo. Muuzeni kuti sizowopsa, chifukwa ndizovuta kwambiri komanso zosatheka. Izi m'malo motchula mavesi opanda kanthu ndi akatswiri osadziwika bwino osankhidwa ndi tweezers osamuthandiza (pokhapokha ngati ali "akatswiri", mosiyana ndi akatswiri onse amisala padziko lapansi, koma ngati akukhulupirira ndikutsimikiza.
    Ngati ndinu bwenzi lapamtima la munthu woteroyo ndipo mumatha kumulimbikitsa kuchitapo kanthu ndikumuthandiza - zikhoza kukhala zotheka. Koma osati monga upangiri wapasukulu wamba pothana ndi vuto loyipa ngati lotere.
    Ndemanga zanga posachedwapa zifika apa, ndipo pamenepo zidzamveka bwino pang'ono.
    —————————————————————————————
    ndithu:

    Mu SD XNUMX Elul XNUMX

    Okondedwa,

    Lachinayi lapitali, Rabbi Michael Avraham Neru adafunsa kuti "munthuyo achite chiyani" kuti achoke m'mavuto ake. Ndipo ndinatsimikiza mtima kuchita chifuniro cholungama, ndipo ndinayankha funso lake monga ndinadziwira ndiponso monga chondichitikira changa.
    Monga Myuda, yemwe, monga wina aliyense, 'anachitira umboni zochitika zambiri', adadutsa mu zovuta ndi mafunde, kukwera ndi kutsika, etc., etc., ndi zina zotero. ndipo angathandize ena kuthana ndi mavuto ake.

    Ndinayiwala mfundo ina, yomwe inabwera m'mawu anu, ndipo mwina ndi yoyamba komanso yofunika kwambiri:

    H. Khalani odekha komanso odekha pazovuta kwambiri.
    Chingapereke chiyani ndipo chidzakupangitsani kupsa mtima? Mukachita zinthu chifukwa cha nkhawa, chisokonezo komanso 'kupsinjika maganizo' - mudzangotenga nawo mbali ndikumira m'matope kwambiri.
    Chotero dzigwireni, ndipo pendani mkhalidwewo modekha. Mudzaphunzira phunziroli, kuchokera m'mabuku ndi kwa akatswiri; Ndipo osafunikiranso, phunzirani nokha: kudziwa zomwe zimakugwetsani pansi ndi zomwe zimakukwezani? Kodi chododometsa ndi chiyani ndipo n'chiyani chimatsitsimula?
    Ndipotu, izi ndi zomwe akatswiri a maganizo ndi alangizi amachita: khalani pansi ndi inu ndikuchita 'masamu amaganizo' ndi inu, ndipo kuchokera pamenepo mumafika pazidziwitso za mizu ya vuto ndi njira zothetsera vutoli.

    Zikomo, S.C. Levinger

    Ndemanga yanu yokhuza 'mayi wa mwanayo', yomwe imatengera mkhalidwe wa mwana wawo mwachidwi, sizikudziwika. Nanenso ndinanenapo za kuzunzika koopsa kwa makolowo poyang’anizana ndi vuto la mwana wawo, nsautso yomwe imakhalapo ngakhale atagonjetsa kulira kwawo mu mtima.
    Ngakhale Yitzchak, amene amayenda mu lamulo la Mulungu lomanga - mtima wake ukumva chisoni chifukwa cha chisoni cha amayi ake amene 'anasintha nkhope yake, mwana amene anabadwa kwa zaka makumi asanu ndi anai, anali wa moto ndi chakudya, ine ndikupepesa kwa amayi ake. lirani ndi kulira. Tidalitsike monga Yosefe kuti chithunzi cha makolo athu chidzatithandize pa nthawi ya mayesero ovuta.
    —————————————————————————————
    Rabbi:

    Moni.
    Choyamba, ngakhale ndikuyang'ana pondizungulira, sindipeza munthu wolungama yemwe akufuna kukwaniritsa zofuna zake, ndiyenera kupepesa chifukwa cha kuthwa kwa zinthu zomwe ndinalemba mumkuntho wotsutsana. Bambo monga mwachizolowezi amalankhula molunjika ndi mwaulemu, ndipo ine mu mphulupulu zanga munthu wamphepo.
    Zikuwoneka kwa ine kuti kumbuyo kunali zonena zomwe mudanena za chisembwere cha nkhani yomwe ine ndidatsutsana nayo mwamphamvu, ndipo zidasiya chidwi ndikusindikiza ngakhale mawu ena owawa omwe adabwera pambuyo pake. Ndikuganiza kuti panalinso tsankho popereka zinthu, ndipo adawoneka ngati wotalikirana kwa ine.
    Pomaliza, kungakhale kotheka kupeza chithandizo m'mawu anu kwa munthu yemwe sanachitepo kanthu, koma ndikuganizabe kuti ndibwino kuwaika m'mawu osiyana pang'ono, monga momwe ndidanenera mu zokambirana zonse.
    Zabwino zonse komanso pepani.
    —————————————————————————————
    Schatz. Levinger:

    Nenani kwa wodwala :: Watayika. Mulibe mwayi. Palibe chifukwa chopita kuchipatala. Pitani molunjika kumanda.

    Kenako dandaula za kudzipha. Ndipo mwina anyamata abwino amtundu wanu amabweretsa ovutikawo kukhumudwa ndi kudzipha?
    —————————————————————————————
    Rabbi:

    Palinso njira ina. Ndizotheka kuwapatsa upangiri wothandiza (ngakhale pali zochepa mwatsoka, ndipo ndiyenera kufotokozera moona mtima osati kuyeretsa), koma popanda upangiri osati malangizo awa, komanso popanda zovuta zotonthoza zomwe mudapereka zomwe zimangokulitsa kukhumudwa () uku akulimbitsa chisangalalo cha Mulungu).
    Ndipo ndithudi sikoyenera kuwajambula chithunzithunzi chokongola ndi chosadalirika (monga kuti zolepherazi ndi akatswiri osachita bwino, komanso ngati wokhulupirira apambana).
    Ndipo ngakhale zocheperako kuwafotokozera kuti ali achiwerewere chifukwa makolo awo adayika ndalama mwa iwo ndipo Mlengi wawo amayembekezera kwa iwo ndipo amangolephera ndikuleredwa m'chikhulupiriro chawo. Mukunena zowona? Umu ndi momwe mazunzo amayankhidwa (R. Barar ndi Yitzha AA, XNUMX)?
    Komanso ponena za lingaliro la makhalidwe abwino lomwe mwapereka. Ndipo kuti ngati makolo anga akufuna kuti ndinyamule ma kilogalamu zana pamsana moyo wanga wonse ndiyenera kuchita chifukwa chothokoza? Kodi pali mlandu wamakhalidwe woterowo? Ndakukumbutsani kale za Maharik pankhani yosankha mkazi. Ndikunena kuti tikukambirana za makhalidwe abwino osati halakhah. Payenera kukhala mlandu wa halakhic wotere. Koma kunena kuti pali mlandu wamakhalidwe? Kukhululuka, kumangokhota. Kaŵirikaŵiri, kuyamikira Mulungu sikophweka konse, ndipo m’lingaliro langa sikuli kwa makhalidwe abwino koma nzeru. Onani zolemba apa:
    https://mikyab.net/%D7%9E%D7%90%D7%9E%D7%A8%D7%99%D7%9D/%D7%94%D7%9B%D7%A8%D7%AA-%D7%98%D7%95%D7%91%D7%94-%D7%91%D7%99%D7%9F-%D7%9E%D7%95%D7%A1%D7%A8-%D7%9C%D7%90%D7%95%D7%A0%D7%98%D7%95%D7%9C%D7%95%D7%92%D7%99%D7%94/מעבר Pa zonsezi, ndikofunikira kwambiri kuwatonthoza kuti ngakhale atalephera, pafupifupi aliyense sangayimenso. Ndipo tapeza kale mu Ketubot Lag ngati si iye kwa Hananiya Misaeli ndi Azariya anamangika zigawo kwa wojambula zithunzi, dzina lake bwino kusiyana pakati pa kuzunzika wofatsa mosalekeza ndi kuzunzika kwakukulu koma kwanuko ndi kwakanthawi.
    —————————————————————————————
    Schatz. Levinger:

    Mawu okhudza mwayi wopambana ndi mawu a Dr. Zvi Mozes, mkulu wa Shiloh Institute, mmodzi mwa akatswiri apamwamba m'gawo lathu. Ndipo akunena momveka bwino kuti ngati chizoloŵezi chodziwika bwino cha kusintha chimakhala chovuta kwambiri, koma anthu omwe ali otsimikiza kwambiri ndi chikhulupiriro cholimba akhoza kupambana ndi chitsogozo choyenera cha akatswiri.

    Ndemanga zanga zonse ndi zinthu zomveka. Kodi mukuganiza kuti Rabbi Kolon ankafuna kulola kuti munthu akwatirane azikumbukira? 🙂 Ndani analola munthu kutsatira makolo ake pa guwa la zilakolako zake? Ngati sathawira ku nyumba yachifumu, adzavala zakuda ndikudzikulunga zakuda, ndi zina zotero "ndipo sadzawononga moyo wa makolo ake pachisoni chachikulu.

    Palibe amene amapulumutsidwa ku zovuta zake m'masautso. Funsani wantchito aliyense wothandiza anthu ndipo akuuzeni
    , Kuti maziko a zinthu ndi kuchotsa munthu wozunzidwayo kumverera. Munthu akatenga udindo wa tsogolo lake - adzapeza kale njira yopulumutsira. Ndipo ngati ndizokwiyitsa - ndizonyansa, chilankhulo chaukali ..
    —————————————————————————————
    Rabbi:

    Ndi ulemu wonse kwa "gawo lathu" mukunyalanyaza maudindo osiyanasiyana omwe lero ali pafupifupi mgwirizano wa akatswiri (ine sindine katswiri komanso ndili ndi zokayikitsa za mgwirizanowu, komabe mukunyalanyaza ndi kugwedeza kwa cholembera basi. chifukwa Dr. Wakuti-ndi-wakuti ananena). Komanso, ngakhale mawu ake omwe, monga momwe mwawatchulira, amakhala onyinyirika. Ndikhozanso kunena kuti ngati mumakhulupirira kwambiri komanso otsimikiza mtima ndipo malingaliro anu sali amphumphu mukhoza kugonjetsa. Alipo angati? Ndipo ena angati? Ndi angati a iwo amene anapambana? Kodi adapereka manambala? Sayansi imagwira ntchito ndi kuyerekezera kwachulukidwe osati ndi mawu (mwina adabweretsa zonse, koma pazomwe mudanena sindinazionepo).

    Mawu anu ena onse ndi omveka bwino, monganso am'mbuyomu. Ndani pano ananena kuti Maharik ankafuna kulola kukumbukira? Ndipo kuti tikuchita ndi oweruza?! Ngati simunamvetse, ndikufotokozerani zomwe ndikunena. Njira yanu ili ndi udindo wotsatira zomwe makolo amayembekezera chifukwa adandibereka ndikuyika ndalama mwa ine. Tsono akandipempha kuti ndikwatire mkazi wina wake osati osadziwika - m'malingaliro anu ndikadawamvera eti? Inde ndi choncho. Koma choti achite, akuti ayi (ndipo adalamuliranso ku Rama). Makhalidwe ali kuti apa? Tanthauzo: Palibe thayo la khalidwe lomvera makolo posankha wokwatirana naye. Alibe ufulu wondikakamiza pa moyo wanga. Ndiye zimakhala bwanji ngati akumbukiridwa kapena ayi? Kusiyanitsa pakati pawo ndi halakhic, koma munalankhula za udindo wamakhalidwe kuti muzitsatira zofuna za makolo, ndipo palibe kusiyana pankhaniyi. M'malo mwake, kusankha mkazi m'malo mwa mwamuna ndi kuzunzika kwakukulu komanso kosatheka kwa mwana wamwamuna, koma kulowetsa m'banja ndi wina ndi chinthu chosavuta chosayerekezeka. Nanga n’cifukwa ciani sayenela kucita zimenezi? Ndipo m'chinenero chanu: ndani analola munthu kumanga makolo ake ndi kuwachititsa chisoni chowopsya pa guwa la zilakolako zake zomwe zimamufikitsa kwa mwamuna kapena mkazi yemwe akufuna. Yemwe adzaluma zilakolako zake ndi kutenga wokwatirana naye wina ndikupangitsa makolo ake okondedwa kukhala opatulika kwambiri. Ndipo mwambiri, ngati sali womasuka ndi wovuta kwa iye - atsimikize ndi kukhulupirira ndi kupita kwa Dr. Musa ndipo akamuthandize kugonjetsa. Vuto ndi chiyani?

    Ndipo ponena za mapeto a mawu anu, munthu amene ali ndi khansa adzapeza njira yopulumutsira ngati iye angakhoze kukhulupirira mwa iyemwini. N'chimodzimodzinso ndi wodwala wina aliyense. Awa ndi mawu amene mosakayikira ali mphwayi ndi zokayikitsa za Nyengo Yatsopano zopusa. Amandibwezeranso ku nkhani ya Rash Shevdron. N’zosavuta kunena pamene mukunena za ena amene simukuwaganizira. Funsani wantchito aliyense wothandiza anthu ndipo akuuzeni izi.
    —————————————————————————————
    Schatz. Levinger:

    Tiyeni tiyambe kuchokera kumapeto:

    Sindinanene kuti munthu wodwala khansa ndiye kuti adzapulumutsidwa. Ndinanena kuti munthu amene ali ndi matenda aakulu omwe amaoneka ngati osachiritsika, amafuna mankhwala. Mfumu Hezekiya, mneneri wa Mulungu, anamuuza kuti, ‘Pakuti munafa ndipo simudzakhalanso ndi moyo. Munafufuza ndikufufuza, mumalandira chiweruzo chakumwamba ndi chikondi, chilolezo chinaperekedwa kwa dokotala kuti achiritse - osataya mtima.

    Pali Myuda wina wokondedwa, R. Cohen-Melamed, amene anali ndi vuto la muscular dystrophy zaka zoposa 15 zapitazo, ndipo dokotala wina anamuuza kuti wangotsala ndi miyezi yochepa kuti akhale ndi moyo. Dr. Melamed sanamumvere. ndipo akukhala mpaka lero ndikulemba mabuku Pakali pano adakwanitsa kupita kumaliro a dotolo yemwe adamutsimikizira za imfa yake yomwe ili pafupi):

    Pankhani ya chizolowezi -

    Sindinabwere kudzachititsa zokambirana za filosofi ndi sayansi, inde ndizotheka sizingatheke? - Ndikuwona pamaso panga chithunzi chimodzi chokha, mnyamata wosokonezeka ndi wamanyazi wong'ambika pakati pa malingaliro ake ndi chikhulupiriro chake. Palibe njira mdziko lapansi yoti mutuluke ndi onse omwe adawalenga komanso mlengi. Mwayi wake wokhawo wotuluka m’chigaŵacho ndi kupeza njira yothetsera vutolo, ndipo ndikuyesera kupeza adiresi kumene iye angakhoze kuthetsa vutolo.

    Ndimachita mantha pang'ono ndi 'malangizo amalingaliro', pazifukwa zingapo: ali ndi chiyembekezo chochuluka, ndipo mnyamata yemwe amabwera ndi ziyembekezo zapamwamba komanso makamaka kuyembekezera kupambana mwamsanga, akhoza kukhumudwa. Kupatula apo, pali othandizira ena omwe si akatswiri odzipereka. Ndipo chifukwa cha 'njira yobwerezabwereza', yomwe imayesa 'kupatsa mphamvu zachimuna' - zabwino zokhazokha, ndipo sizikuwoneka kwa ine kuti ichi ndi chifukwa cha milandu yonse.

    Ichi ndichifukwa chake ndinatembenukira kwa Dr. Zvi Mozes, yemwe sindikumudziwa, koma mawonekedwe ake oyembekezera koma osamala kwambiri amandipangitsa kukhala ndi chiyembekezo chochenjera. Ndi inu, ndangomutchula mwachidule. M'mawu anga pa zolemba ziwiri za Yoav Sorek, ndinatenga vuto kutengera ndime ziwiri zazikulu m'mawu ake omwe amamveketsa zotheka ndi mwayi wawo (chifukwa 'Link' sindikudziwa momwe ndingachitire, panthawiyi ine 'Linkopov' ndi yosachiritsika :) .

    Zomwe adakumana nazo m'mbuyomu zachipatala sizikuyenda wapansi… ndipo ndi ntchito yathu kudziwitsa omwe sakudziwa za kukhalapo kwake, komanso kuthekera koyesa kupeza thandizo kuchokera kwa iwo.

    Zikomo, S.C. Levinger

    Kumasulira kwanu m’Maharik kuti mwana alibe ngongole kwa makolo ake sikumveka bwino. Ndikuwoneka kuti anthu ena amamvetsetsa kuti iyi ndi nkhani yolemekeza bambo yemwe amakanidwa chifukwa cha mitzvah ya mwana kukwatira mkazi, kuti akapeza mkazi wa kosher komanso amakonda Man Mifis, amupeza. ngati iye? Dr. Mose angathandize mnyamata amene akufuna kupanga Kono kufuna kuthetsa ukwati woletsedwa, koma kuchoka ku ukwati wabwino wakumwamba ndi anthu - Mulungu asatero.

    Ndipo mulimonse momwe zingakhalire, ngakhale pamene mnyamatayo waloledwa ndi kulamulidwa kukwatira mwa kusankha kwa mtima wake motsutsana ndi chifuniro cha makolo ake, iye ali wokakamizika kulankhula nawo zinthu zabwino ndi zotonthoza, mwaulemu ndi ulemu wonse. Uwauze kuti: ‘Okondedwa makolo, ndimakonda ndi kuyamikira zonse zimene mwandichitira, ndipo ndikukhulupirira kuti mudzakhala ndi kudzipereka kopatulika kuchokera kwa mtsikana wolungama ndi mkazi wolimba mtima ameneyu’. Ndipo nthawi zambiri ngakhale osayanjanitsa nthawi yomweyo - adzayanjanitsa pamene mdzukulu wabadwa.

    Kodi adzakhala ndi chisangalalo chotani ndi chiletso cha Kerete chimene chinalengedwa chotchedwa 'chonyansa'?
    —————————————————————————————
    Rabbi:

    Moni.
    Ndinalemba kupepesa pa malowa chifukwa cha kukhwima kwa mawu anga, ndipo ndikubwerezanso apa (sindinamvetse chifukwa chake zimachitikira mu njira ziwiri. Sindikuwona zinthu pano zomwe zimafuna chinsinsi chochuluka. Ndinazindikira kuti ena mwa zokambiranazo zidapatutsidwa molakwika ku imelo apa).
    Kunena zowona, chomwe chimandidetsa nkhawa chinali makamaka nkhani yake, komanso sindimagwirizana kwambiri ndi zomwe zili. Ndipo mitundu ya mitundu yanu idzasokonezedwa.
    Ponena za Maharik ndi lingaliro lolemekeza gawo la ena, onani ndemanga zanga m'nkhani pano:
    https://mikyab.net/%D7%9E%D7%90%D7%9E%D7%A8%D7%99%D7%9D/%D7%9B%D7%99%D7%91%D7%95%D7%93-%D7%94%D7%95%D7%A8%D7%99%D7%9D-%D7%95%D7%98%D7%A8%D7%99%D7%98%D7%95%D7%A8%D7%99%D7%94-%D7%94%D7%9C%D7%9B%D7%AA%D7%99%D7%AA/בכל M’makhalidwe, n’zachionekere kuti kalankhulidwe ka makolo kayenera kukhala mwaulemu.
    Zabwino zonse komanso pepani
    —————————————————————————————
    Diso la owerenga:

    Mu S.D. XNUMX mu Elul, p

    kufotokozera:
    Zokambirana zanga zaposachedwa ndi Rabbi Avraham zomwe zidachitika pakati pathu mu imelo yachinsinsi, ndipo zidakwezedwa patsamba lino usikuuno - sizinapangidwe kuti Maikra azisindikizidwa patsamba lino, ndipo ziyenera kuwonedwa ngati 'zolemba', zomwe sizimatero. perekani chiganizo chogwirizana.

    Zikomo, S.C. Levinger

    —————————————————————————————
    Rabbi:

    Pepani chifukwa chosamvetsetsa. Monga ndimalembera, ndimaganiza kuti molakwika zinthu zidapita ku imelo yanthawi zonse m'malo mwa tsambalo, ndipo sindinawone mwa iwo chilichonse chomwe chidapatuka pa nkhani yomwe idachitika pano patsambali, kotero ndidawatumizira (munthawi yeniyeni). ) kutsitsa patsamba. Tsopano abwera chifukwa mkangano watha tsopano. Ndipo zomaliza zomaliza pakati pathu nditazindikira kuti sizinali zopangira pano sindinaziike. Komabe, pepani kachiwiri.
    —————————————————————————————
    Diso la owerenga:

    Mu S.D. XNUMX mu Elul, p

    Kwa Rabbi MDA, yemwe ali wodzala ndi nzeru ndi sayansi, monga katswiri wodalirika wa zachuma ndi daredevil, Delbish Mada, kuphunzira Torah ndi kuiphunzitsa, ndipo wavekedwa korona muzonse, zoyenera ndi zolemekezeka - mtendere wake udzabwezeretsedwa ku Hada, ndipo Tora ndi chiphaso zidzachuluka, kuwunikira maso a anthu! - Mtendere ndi chipulumutso chachikulu,

    Ndidzafuna zambiri za izi, chifukwa mzindawu uli wolondola ponena za vuto lakuti chithandizo chamaganizo cha akatswiri chimaphatikizapo ndalama zambiri, zomwe nthawi zina zimalepheretsa iwo omwe amazifuna, ndipo zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kuti apirire nazo.

    Ku Kochav Hashahar ndi madera ozungulira, adapeza yankho pokhazikitsa thumba lotchedwa 'Chaim Shel Tova' (lomwe limayang'aniridwa ndi Rabbi Natan Shalev, rabi wa ku Mevoot Jeriko), lomwe limathandiza ndalama zothandizira mabanja komanso mabanja angapo kwa omwe akufunika thandizo.

    Ndikoyenera kutengera izi m'dera lililonse komanso dera lililonse, ndikukhazikitsa ndalama zofananira zomwe zingalimbikitse ndikuthandizira chithandizo chamankhwala chamisala kwa munthu ndi banja.

    Mnyamatayo analankhula mwa zikwi za Yuda, kubwezera dzanja lace ulemu;
    Damchavi Kida, Regards and Thanks, S.C. Levinger
    —————————————————————————————
    Rabbi:

    Shalev ndi Yesha Rab kwa Bambo Chen Chen chifukwa cha zofuna zake ndi ndemanga zake.
    Ndipo mwa iye ndi mwa ine tidzagwira weti mu namondwe, ndodo ya kapitao imapangidwa kugwedezeka. Ngati munthu wa ku Roma akuuzani lupanga ndi aya, dziwani kuti Yerusalemu pa chitunda anamangidwa.
    Tidzapambana Lior m'kuunika kwa zounikira, ndipo tidzapulumutsidwa ku malamulo onse ankhanza. Munthu adzafuula mokweza kwa m’bale wake, ana aamuna ndi aakazi ali ndi mtumiki wovutikira. Ndipo ndisayina pempho kwa munthu wozunzidwa, yemwe tidzasaina zabwino zonse chaka chino.

  4. Diso la owerenga:
    Kukambitsirana pankhaniyi kudzapezeka kumapeto kwa nkhanizi:
    Roni Schur, 'N'zotheka kusintha (pa chithandizo cha zizolowezi zosiyana mu' Malangizo a Moyo '), Tzohar XNUMX (XNUMX), pa webusaiti ya' Asif ';
    Rabbi Azriel Ariel, 'Kodi alipo angasinthe? (Kuyankha) ', apo, apo;
    Dr. Baruch Kahana, 'Religion, Society and Reverse Tendencies', Tzohar XNUMX (XNUMX), pa webusaiti ya 'Asif'.
    Dr. Zvi Mozes, 'Kodi Chithandizo cha Reversal Tendencies Psychologically Effective', pa webusaiti ya 'Root'.
    Chidule chatsatanetsatane cha mitundu yamankhwala ndi malo omangiriza ndi kukana - mu Wikipedia, cholembedwa cha 'conversion therapy'.

    Zikomo, S.C. Levinger

  5. Rabbi:
    Tsopano ndalandira yankho la gulu la psychoanalytic mu Israeli ku "mawu a arabi":

    Monga akatswiri a maganizo omwe amadzipatulira kumvetsetsa kwakukulu kwa psyche yaumunthu ndikuthandizira m'masautso awo kupyolera mu psychotherapy, timawona kuti ndi ntchito yathu kutsutsa mawu achipongwe omwe anenedwa posachedwapa ndi arabi okhudza gulu la LGBT. Zonena kuti kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha ndi vuto la m'maganizo, "kupatuka", "chilema chomwe chimafuna chithandizo chamaganizo", ndikuphwanya kwakukulu kwa ulemu waumunthu ndi ufulu - ndipo zimatsutsana ndi malo ovomerezeka amakono komanso chidziwitso chamakono chokhudzana ndi kugonana ndi kudziwika. Kupereka 'matenda amisala' ndi arabi ndi aphunzitsi omwe sanaphunzitsidwepo izi ndi zolakwika kwenikweni ndipo timawona mafotokozedwe amalingaliro ngati owopsa ku miyoyo ngakhalenso miyoyo ya achinyamata ndi mabanja awo.
    Yossi Triast (Wapampando) - m'malo mwa Psychoanalytic Society ku Israel
    Ndipo ine ndikudabwa ngati mwamunayo ndi chitsiru kapena wabodza. Zomwe amalemba ndizachabechabe ndithu. Angakhale ndi maganizo amodzi pa funso lakuti ngati kugonana kwa amuna kapena akazi okhaokha ndi vuto kapena ayi, koma sikukhudzana ndi chidziwitso cha akatswiri omwe angakhale nawo. Choncho akuoneka kuti ndi chitsiru. Ngakhale kuti kungakhale kugwiritsa ntchito mwadala chipewa chake cha akatswiri kuti alimbikitse ndondomeko yamtengo wapatali, ndiye kuti ndi wabodza. Ndikusiya wowerenga kuti asankhe pakati pa zosankha.

    1. Ine sindikuganiza kuti iye kwenikweni chitsiru. Pali kusazindikira kodetsa nkhawa kumeneko, ndipo kumawonekeranso mwa anthu anzeru. Ngati mumadzitsuka nokha ndi chinachake kwa nthawi yaitali, mumayamba kuganiza kuti ndi zoona komanso zosatha. Tsoka ilo, izi zimachitika pang'ono.

  6. Fingback: Zindikirani katswiri Pa lamulo ndi mwatsatanetsatane

Siyani ndemanga