Ingqondo Nenhliziyo - Imizwa Ekutadisheni Nasekwahluleleni (Ikholomu 467)

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Ezinsukwini ezedlule bafike ekhasini elithi Daf La Bibamot, lapho udaba olumnandi lwendlu yawela kuye kwavela umshana wakhe akwaziwa ukuthi ubani owashona kuqala, wanciphisa ihembe lakhe wangalikhumula. "

I-Hayuta Deutsch ingithumele le ngcaphuno namazwana alandelayo:

Kukhulu! Isibonelo esihle (esinye kweziningi kodwa ezinhle kakhulu) sokuhlangana phakathi 'kwelabhorethri' yomhlaba we-halakhic osemthethweni kanye neqiniso elimangalisayo (i-telenovela enhle nedabukisayo).

Phakathi nengxoxo eyalandela phakathi kwethu ngemva kwalokho, ngabona kufanele ukuba nginikeze ikholomu kulezi zinto.

Ubukhulu bemizwa nobuntu ezindabeni ze-halakhic

Uma ucabanga ngalesi simo futhi ungena kuso kancane kancane ngezinga lengqondo, kuyinhlekelele engeyona elula eyehlele lo mndeni oneshwa (ngamunye ngendlela yawo, khumbula). Kodwa mina njengomfundi ojwayelekile angizange ngikuqaphele nhlobo. Lena ingxoxo ye-halakhic ethakazelisayo neyinkimbinkimbi, futhi kimina abekho abantu abahluphekayo lapha, okungukuthi, abantu. Zonke lezi ziyizibalo noma izithunzi esiteji se-halakhic-intellectual. Izinhloso zomlingiswa zokuqeqesha ingqondo, okuhloswe ngayo ukukhombisa imibono ye-halakhic. Esifundweni sethu sikhuluma ngababulali, amasela, ababulali, abaqamba amanga, izinhlekelele nenhlobonhlobo yamashwa futhi sixoxa ngakho konke lokhu ngokulingana okumangalisayo. Ngakho-ke izingane e-Hyderabad zingakwazi ukufunda izinkinga ezinzima, nakuba ukulandela ukuhlangana okunjalo kuzo zonke izimo abazali bazo bebeyoholwa ngemva kwenhlonipho ngenhlalakahle futhi bona ngokwabo babeyosala nolimi beshaqekile. Kodwa wonke lo mbukiso udlula ngokuthula kithi futhi asishayi ijwabu leso.

Angiboni kula mazwi esilwane sakhe ukudelela. Ngokuphambene nalokho, bayakuncoma ukuphindwaphindwa phakathi kwezindiza zezingxoxo (zomuntu kanye ne-halakhic), kodwa nokho ngezwa ngemuva ithani lokugxeka ukubanda kwengxoxo, okungukuthi ukunganakwa kobukhulu bomuntu obunzima baleli cala. IGemara ichaza leli cala sengathi yiqatha lenyama eliwele esosweni elinobisi, liqhubeke nokudingida imithetho esebenza esimweni esinjalo. Azinaki nhlobo izinhlekelele zabantu ezenzeke lapha. Lo mndeni oshonelwe usala ungenankosikazi (empeleni enye yezinkinga) kanye nomfowethu bobabili abaphuma emndenini owodwa. Obani abahlala lapho ukuze ondle izintandane? (Oh, ayikho ngempela, ngaphandle kwalokho bekungeke kube khona i-albhamu lapha.) Inhliziyo engeke ikhale futhi yiliphi iso elingeke liphume lapho kuzwa konke lokhu? Phela, ngemva kokuzwa indlebe yomphefumulo wethu.

Ngicabanga ukuthi umculo engiwuzwile emazwini esilwane sakhe, awusekelwe engxenyeni encane kulokho engihlangabezane nakho nsuku zonke ku-beit midrash yabafundi abafundela ubudokotela e-Bar Ilan (nakwezinye izilungiselelo zabesifazane). Cishe ngaso sonke isikhathi lapho sifika odabeni olunjalo, kuye kwaba khona izinkomba ezintengantengayo ezivela kumuntu nokubaluleka futhi ikakhulukazi izici ezithinta imizwa ezimweni ezinjalo, futhi vele ukugxekwa kweGemara kanye nokunganakwa kwabafundi ngalezi zici. Ukubanda nokunganaki akubonisayo akuqondakali futhi akucabangeki. Sonke sesijwayele ukutadisha indaba yokuthi ubaba enikeza indodakazi yakhe encane kumuntu obilisiwe, owesifazane ovinjelwe lokhu nalokhu, u-agunot ngaphandle kokuphuma, "wanamathela esiteji sakhe" kanye nezingxoxo eziningi zesiLithuanian iTalmud.

Ngiyazivumela ukusho ngokwakuzo ukuthi lezi yizibuyekezo ezikhombisa abesifazane abaningi (nabalandeli, okucishe kufane. Bheka isibonelo kumakholomu 104 futhi-315).[1] Akudingekile ukusho ukuthi, abantu baseLithuania njengami bakhululekile emizweni enjalo e-BH. Ngike nginikeze izeluleko kubaphathi baleyo telenovela: Ukwenza isibonelo, bangenza kahle uma behlaba unkosikazi wesibili womfowethu futhi bamgwaze esiswini, ongumama ongumHeberu womzala wendodakazi yakhe, naye oyingxenye. isigqila kanye nohhafu okhululekile owabulawa uGarma.Ophakathi kwegama nokucwiliswa ku-mikveh nezingodo ezintathu zamanzi ampontshiwe ezingenayo i-dab efana nokubukeka kwewayini. Babengafunda kokuhle kakhulu, okungukuthi, yiniisikhundla. Lokhu bekuyocebisa ingxoxo futhi kuyenze ithakazelise kakhulu.

Ukugxeka okufanayo komunye umongo

Lokhu kugxeka akuqondiswe kuphela kuTalmud nakubafundi bayo. Kukholomu 89 Nginikeze isibonelo sokugxeka okufanayo, futhi kulokhu esimweni sezemfundo nobuchwepheshe. Ngisho indaba eyaziwayo ngeshubhu legazi eTechnion (okungenzeka ukuthi lalikhona futhi ladalwa). Ngizokopisha izinto kusukela lapho.

utshele Ngohlelo lukaProfesa Haim Hanani we-Technion, olwaholela ekuhlolweni kokugeleza eFaculty of Mechanical Engineering, abafundi bacelwa ukuba baklame ipayipi elizothwala igazi lisuka e-Eilat liye eMetula. Babuzwa ukuthi iyiphi impahla okufanele yenziwe, ukuthi ububanzi bayo nobukhulu bayo kufanele bube buni, bunjani ukujula enhlabathini ukuyigqiba nokunye okunjalo. Ababalisi baloludaba (nami ngokwami ​​ngizwe ngezindlebe zami ezimangazayo abanye abantu abebeshaqekile ngokuziphatha ngalolu daba. Akushiwo ukuthi ngishaqekile ngempela ngokushaqeka kwabo) bakhala ngokuthi abafundi beTechnocratic baseTechnocratic, okuvele ukuthi kudala balahlekelwa. umthwebuli wezithombe womuntu (ngokungafani nama-PhD kwezobulili kanye nezomnotho wasekhaya Banokuzwela okuthuthuke kakhulu kokuziphatha, ikakhulukazi lapho beklama ishubhu elizoholela ama-athikili abo ngqo ezinhlelweni zamajenali), ukuxazulula ukuhlolwa futhi ukuhambise ngaphandle kokushaya ijwabu leso futhi ebuza ukuthi kungani ishubhu legazi elinjalo lidingeka. Ukwandisa nje ukumangala, uthi kuthiwa ukuhlolwa okunjalo kwaholela ekusungulweni kwezifundo zesintu kuhlelo lwezifundo zeTechnion. Ngokusobala othile uthathe lesi sibuyekezo ngokungathi sína.[2]

Ngale kombuzo wokunambitha nokuhlekisa kombhali wezivivinyo okungaphikiswana ngakho (yize emehlweni ami kujabulisa kakhulu), ukugxeka kukodwa kubonakala kuwubuwula kimina. Yini inkinga ngombuzo onjalo?! Futhi ukuthi noma ubani ucabanga ukuthi umfundisi wayehlose ukuhlela ikamu lokuhlushwa futhi usiza abafundi ekuxazululeni inkinga yokuthutha igazi? Abafundi abaxazulule izivivinyo bekufanele bacabange ukuthi lesi simo futhi babhikishe? Ukwakhiwa nesixazululo sokuhlolwa okunjalo akubonisi ukuziphatha okubi nganoma iyiphi indlela, ngisho nezinga lokuzwela kokuziphatha komfundisi noma labafundi. Ngendlela, ngisho nalokhu kugxeka okungenangqondo akubonisi izinga eliphezulu lokuzwela kokuziphatha. Ikakhulukazi inkokhelo yentela eyisimemezelo, futhi ewubuwula impela, yokunemba kwezombusazwe kanye nokuzwela okungadingekile.

Ngaphandle kombuzo wokuthi ngabe kulungile yini futhi kunengqondo ukwethula umbuzo onjalo esivivinyweni, ngithanda ukuphikisa ukuthi abafundi abahlangabezane nakho futhi bawuxazulule ngaphandle kokucwayiza kweso bafana kakhulu nezifundiswa ze-halakhic ezidlula esimweni esifana naso. lena engiyichaze ngelejwabu leso. Kungumbuzo womongo. Uma umongo kuwu-halakhic noma ngokwesayensi-ubuchwepheshe, futhi kucacela wonke umuntu ukuthi akekho lapha ohlose ukubulala noma ukuthwala igazi, asikho isizathu emhlabeni sokuthi inhliziyo yabo ithuthumele noma ijabule ngakho. Kungcono bashiye amasheke emicimbini yangempela. Uma kukhona umuntu onezintambo ezinyakazayo kulungile. Wonke umuntu kanye nesakhiwo sakhe sengqondo, futhi njengoba sazi akekho ophelele. Kodwa ukubona lokhu njengesici esibonisa ukuziphatha komuntu futhi lapho kungekho khona ukundindizela kuyinkomba yalokhu kuziphatha okungalungile kakhulu ihlaya elibi.

"Iqhwa ebelihlakaniphile, yini lena ayibona njengembudane?"[3]

Umuntu angakhumbula futhi i-midrash yenganekwane kaKorach Zatzokal owakhononda ngoMoshe Rabbeinu (Umfuni omuhle, Amahubo a):

“Esihlalweni sikaZim” kuneqhwa, elalidlala ngoMose no-Aroni

Lenzeni iqhwa? Ibandla lonke labuthana, kwathiwa: “Ibandla lonke alibabuthele uqhwa,” waqala ukukhuluma kubo amazwi aphusile, wathi kubo: “Kwakukhona umfelokazi ngakithi, kukhona naye izintandane ezimbili; wayenensimu eyodwa. Weza ukuzolima - UMose wathi kuye: "Ungalima inkabi nembongolo ndawonye." Weza ukuzohlwanyela - wathi kuye: "Isifuba sakho ngeke sihlwanyele hybrids." Weza ukuvuna wenze inqwaba, wathi kuye: Beka iqoqo lokukhohlwa kanye newigi. Weza ukwenza isisekelo, wathi kuye: Yenza umnikelo, nokweshumi kokuqala, nokweshumi kwesibili. Wasithethelela isigwebo sakhe futhi wamnika sona.

Wenzani lo muntu ompofu? Wama wadayisa insimu wathenga izimvu ezimbili zokugqoka ama-gauze azojabulela izinkomo zawo. Selokhu bazalwa - u-Aroni weza kuye, wathi kuye: "Nginike izibulo; ngakho uNkulunkulu wathi kimi: "Onke amazibulo azalelwa emhlambini wakho wezimvu nezimbuzi neduna, wahlukanisela uJehova uNkulunkulu wakho." Wasithethelela isigwebo sakhe futhi wamzala. Sesifikile isikhathi sokubagunda nokubagunda - u-Aroni weza kuye, wathi kuye: "Nginike okokuqala kwegesi njengalokho uJehova akushilo.

Wathi: "Anginawo amandla okumelana nalo muntu, ngokuba ngiyawahlaba, ngiwadle." Esewahlaba, u-Aroni weza kuye, wathi kuye: "Nginike ingalo, nesihlathi, nesisu." Wathi: Ngisho sengizihlabile, angizange ngimlahle - ziwukuduba kwami! U-Aroni wathi kuye: Uma kunjalo - konke kungokwami, yilokhu uNkulunkulu akushilo: "Konke ukuduba kwa-Israyeli kuyakuba ngokwakho." UNatlan waya kuye wahamba ekhala yena namadodakazi akhe amabili.
Wangena kanjalo-ke kulolu sizi! Ngakho benza futhi babambelele ku-Gd!

Kuyadabukisa ngempela, akunjalo? Kusikhumbuza kancane ukubuyekezwa engikuchaze ngenhla, nakuba kukhona umehluko lapha nokho. Ukugxeka kuka-Ice kunakho ngempela. Angase akhiphe izinto ngomongo futhi akhe indaba edabukisayo, kodwa kuyiqiniso ngempela ukuthi indaba enjalo ingenzeka ngokomthetho, futhi lokho kuwumyalo we-halakhic esimweni esinjalo. Yingakho kunenselelo lapha ngokuziphatha kwe-halakhah, futhi lokhu kuyisimangalo esibucayi. Sengikhulume ngawe izikhathi eziningi ngaphambili U-Israyeli wadlala, Usokhemisi waseJerusalema, owayevame ukuqamba izindaba eziphathelene nokuba ndikindiki kokuziphatha kwe-halakhah nenkolo, futhi osusa izibhelu. Abenkolo baphefumulela phezulu lapho sekucaca ukuthi indaba enjalo kayidalwanga futhi kayidaliwe, kodwa ngangihlale ngizibuza ukuthi kungani ibalulekile. Ngempela i-halachah iyakwenqabela indawo yeShabbat ukusindisa impilo yomuntu wezizwe. Ngempela, umthetho udinga ukuba inkosikazi kaCohen idlwengulwe ngumyeni wayo. Ngakho ngisho noma akwenzekanga empeleni, kuwukugxeka okusemthethweni ngokuphelele.

Ngalo mqondo, ukugxeka kukaShakak noKora kufana kakhulu nokugxeka esikubonile ngenhla okuphathelene necala lokucatshangelwa kanye nokulingana okunengqondo kuye. Akuhlangene nezinga lokuziphatha kwabantu noma le-halakhah.

Yini inkinga?

Ake sigxile ezinkingeni ngokubuyekezwa kweshubhu legazi noma i-telenovela esiteji. Leli yicala lokucatshangelwa elingazange lenzeke ngempela. Njengoba sibhekene necala elinjalo langempela, ngicabanga ukuthi ngeke sihlale singenandaba nalo. Ukunganaki kudaleka lapha ngenxa yesimo sokucatshangelwa secala esicacela bonke abathintekayo, nangenxa yengqikithi yengxoxo. Incazelo lapho lezi zimo zivela khona ingeyongqondongqondo-ochwepheshe. Umbuzo kwezobunjiniyela utolikwa ngomongo wawo njengenselelo ye-computational-technology, futhi ngokufanelekile akekho ohlushwa inhloso yokubala (ngoba kucacela wonke umuntu ukuthi ayikho into enjalo. Eqinisweni kukhona, ukuhlola izibalo zomfundi amakhono). Kunjalo nange-telenovela esiteji. Kusobala kubo bonke ukuthi leli yicala lokucatshangelwa eliklanyelwe ukulola ukuqonda kwe-halakhic. Ukuphatha indaba ecatshangelwayo sengathi iyenzeka ngempela kuwumkhuba wengane, akunjalo? Izingane zivame ukuphatha indaba njengokungathi iyindaba yangempela. Abantu abadala kufanele baqonde ukuthi akunjalo. Ngokubona kwami, lokhu kufana nemibuzo mayelana namacala e-Talmudic afana noGamla Farha (Mechot XNUMX: XNUMX no-Yevamot Katz XNUMX: XNUMX), noma uHittin owehla emahlathini (i-Minchot Set XNUMX: XNUMX), abazibuza ukuthi kungenzeka kanjani icala elinjalo. kwenzeke. Uma kubhekwa umongo kufanele kucace ukuthi akekho othi lokhu kwakunjalo noma kungenzeka. Lawa amacala okucatshangelwa ahloselwe ukucwenga izimiso ze-halakhic, njengamacala aselabhorethri ocwaningweni lwesayensi (bonaImibhalo E-Okimas).

Ngamafuphi, inkinga ngalezi zibuyekezo ukuthi zithatha ngokuthi umuntu kufanele aphathe icala lokucabangela eliza phambi kwakhe njengokungathi kunomcimbi wangempela lapha. Ungakwazi ukunikeza isibonelo ku-movie noma encwadini echaza izimo ezinjalo. Phawula ukuthi ubani ongeke alazise iBhayibheli noma abone isimo esinjalo. Ihluke kanjani? Phela, ebhayisikobho noma encwadini kufanele sibe nemizwa enjalo futhi singene esimweni. Impendulo yalokhu ngokombono wami: 1. Igama lengqikithi liwubuciko, okusho ukuthi umthengi (umbukeli noma umfundi) kufanele azame ukungena esimweni futhi azizwele. Lona umnyombo wokuphunyuka kwezobuciko. Kodwa alukho kumongo we-scholarly noma wezobuchwepheshe-wezemfundo. 2. Ngisho noma kungokwemvelo ukuthi ukunyakaza kwengqondo okunjalo kwenzeka emadodeni (noma kwabesifazane), akunanzuzo. Uma lokho kwenzeka - kulungile (akekho ophelele, khumbula). Kodwa isimangalo esivela kubantu egameni lokuziphatha okufanele kwenzeke kubo siyisimangalo esihluke ngokuphelele. Ukubona umuntu ongenakho lokhu njengesici sokuziphatha kuwumbhedo ngempela emehlweni ami.

Izimo zangempela: ukubaluleka kokunqanyulwa

Ngaphikisa ngokuthi ukuhileleka kwengqondo endabeni ecatshangelwayo kuyindaba yomntwana. Kodwa ngale kwalokho, ngithanda ukuphikisa manje ukuthi nayo inohlangothi oluyingozi kuyo. Lapho kuphakama ukugxeka okukhulunywe ngenhla kwabafundi bodokotela, ngazama ukugxilisa kubo kaningi ukubaluleka kokuhlukaniswa ngokomzwelo nangokwengqondo esimweni lapho ngisebenzelana ne-halakhic scholarship. Akukhona nje kuphela ukuthi ukuhileleka okungokomzwelo okunjalo akunanzuzo, kodwa kuyingozi ngempela. Ukuzibandakanya ngokwengqondo nangokomzwelo kungaholela eziphethweni eziyiphutha ze-halakhic (nezobuchwepheshe). Ijaji elinquma icala ngenxa yemizwa yalo liyijaji elibi (empeleni, alikhiphi nhlobo. Vele umemeze).

Qaphela ukuthi lapha sengivele ngikhuluma ngokubhekisela komuntu ecaleni langempela eliza phambi kwami, hhayi nje icala lokucabangela. Uma ngihlangabezana nendaba yomfowethu nodadewethu ababhubha ndawonye enhlekeleleni embi kakhulu, kuyindaba yangempela eyenzeka eqinisweni, ngakho esimweni esinjalo kufanele kube nokubaluleka kokuzwela ekulinganiseni komuntu okukuyo. Lapha kukhona ngokuqinisekile ukubaluleka nokubaluleka ekuphatheni leli cala kuwo wonke amazinga ngesikhathi esisodwa: i-intellectual-halakhic, i-intellectual-moral kanye nesipiliyoni somuntu. Futhi nokho, ngisho nasesimweni sangempela, kufanelekile esigabeni sokuqala ukugxila endizeni yokuqala bese uhlukanisa ezinye ezimbili. Umxazululi kufanele acabange ngokubandayo ngecala eliza phambi kwakhe. Okushiwo i-halakhah akuhlangene nalokho okushiwo imizwa (futhi ngombono wami ngisho nalokho okushiwo yisimilo), futhi kuhle ukuthi ikwenza. Umlamuli kufanele asike umthetho ngokukhululeka, futhi ngaleyo ndlela abe nelungelo lokuqondisa iqiniso leTorah. Esigabeni ngemva kokuhlaziywa kwe-halakhic ebandayo, kukhona indawo yokungena ngengqondo esimweni kanye nobukhulu baso bokuziphatha kanye nobuntu, kanye nokusihlola kule mibono futhi. Lokhu kusho ukuthi lapho ukuhlaziywa kokuqala kwe-halakhic kuphakamisa izinketho eziningana ezingenzeka, umuntu angacabangela umzwelo kanye nezilinganiso zomuntu nezokuziphatha ukuze anqume phakathi kwabo futhi akhethe isinqumo esisebenzayo. Imizwelo akufanele ibambe iqhaza ekuhlaziyeni okunengqondo, kodwa ngokuvamile yiza ngemva kwayo. Ngaphandle kwalokho, ungabona ukubaluleka kokuthi empeleni wabelane futhi uzwelane nokuhlupheka komuntu ophambi kwakho, noma kungenamiphumela ye-halakhic. Kodwa konke lokhu kufanele kwenzeke ezindizeni ezifanayo, futhi kuyafiseleka ukuthi bafike sekwephuzile ngesinqumo sokuqala se-halakhic. Ukubandakanyeka ngokomzwelo esinqumweni akufiseleki nhlobo.

Ngeke ngibuyele lapha ngokuningiliziwe kwesinye isimangalo esengisenze izikhathi eziningi (bheka ngokwesibonelo kukholamu 22, Futhi ochungechungeni lwamakholomu 311-315), Ukuthi ukuziphatha akuhlangene nomzwelo futhi akukho lutho. Ukuziphatha kuyinto yobuhlakani hhayi indaba ethinta imizwa. Ngezinye izikhathi imizwelo iyinkomba yesiqondiso sokuziphatha (uzwela), kodwa kuyinkomba eyinkinga kakhulu, futhi kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuyigxeka futhi ungayilandeli. Mhloniphe futhi umsole. Ekupheleni kosuku, isinqumo kufanele sithathwe ekhanda hhayi enhliziyweni, kodwa nekhanda kufanele likucabangele lokho okushiwo inhliziyo. Ukuphikisana kwami ​​​​kwakuwukuthi ukuhlonza ngomqondo wokuhlangenwe nakho womzwelo akunayo incazelo yenani. Lesi yisici somuntu, futhi njengoba kunjalo kuyiqiniso. Kodwa akunanzuzo, futhi labo abangakunikwanga akufanele bakhathazeke ngesimo sayo sokuziphatha kanye nenani.

Ngokukhanya kwalokhu, ngiphikisa ukuthi ngisho nasesiteji sesibili, ngemva kokuhlaziywa kokuqala kwe-halakhic, akukho ndawo ephawulekayo yomzwelo. Ngokuziphatha mhlawumbe yebo, kodwa hhayi ngokomzwelo (nge-se. Kodwa mhlawumbe njengenkomba nokunye). Ngokuphambene, ukuhileleka ngokomzwelo kuwumuthi wokuhlola wokukhohlisa okungafanele nokuphambuka kokucabanga, nokwenza izinqumo ezingalungile.

Isiphetho esivela kukho konke lokhu ukuthi lapho ufunda indaba ye-Talmudic ye-halakhic akukho ukubaluleka kokubandakanyeka ngokomzwelo, futhi umuntu kufanele azame ukunqoba ukunyakaza okunjalo kwengqondo noma ngabe kukhona (ngikhuluma ngalabo abangakakwazi ukunqoba. bese ujwayela). Ezinqumweni ezisebenzayo ze-halakhic (okungukuthi isinqumo ngecala elithile eliza phambi kwethu), lapho umzwelo nokuziphatha kufanele kumiswe okwesikhashana, futhi mhlawumbe kunikezwe indawo ethile esigabeni sesibili (ikakhulukazi ukuziphatha. Ukuze umzwelo omncane).

Isimangalo sezinsimbi

Kukhona ingxabano ezingeni lezinsimbi zokuthi umuntu ojwayela ukungaphathi abantu ngokuqagela ezimweni eziqanjiwe ezinjalo ngeke enze okufanayo maqondana nezimo zangempela. Ngiyakungabaza kakhulu. Kimina kuzwakala njengezwi elihle lezibusiso eziyisikhombisa, futhi angiboni lutho olubonisa ukunemba kwalo. Kunoma yikuphi, noma ubani othi lokhu kufanele alethe ubufakazi emazwini akhe.

Isimangalo esifanayo singenziwa mhlawumbe mayelana nomkhuba wezingcweti. I-Gemara ithi umdwebi, udokotela noma umuntu osebenzelana nabesifazane, "ebugqilini bakhe bahlukunyezwa", ngakho-ke wamvumela izinto ezingavunyelwe kwamanye amadoda (ubunye noma ukuxhumana nowesifazane nokunye okunjalo). Ukuba matasa emsebenzini wakhe wobungcweti kuthulisa imizwelo yakhe futhi kuvimbele ukona kanye nokuzindla okungavunyelwe. Angazi noma ubulili be-gynecologist buduker ngenxa yalokho, ngisho nalapho ehlangana nowesifazane ngesizinda sothando nesingenamsebenzi. Ngiyangabaza ukuthi lesi yingqikithi ehlukile, kodwa idinga ukuhlolwa. Abantu bazi ukuthi kwenziwa kanjani ukuhlukanisa nokunqamula, futhi ngalo mqondo u-Dayan naye ufunda ku-Abidathiyahu Tridi. Uma umuntu ezibandakanya emsebenzini wakhe uyakwazi ukunqanda imizwa yakhe, futhi lokho akusho ukuthi aba buthuntu kwezinye izimo. Yiqiniso, umdwebi omatasa ngobuciko bakhe yisimo esifinyeleleka kakhulu kunezimo ezibalulwe ngenhla esifundweni se-halakhic, ngoba kumdwebi laba ngabesifazane kanye nezimo zangempela, kuyilapho kusazi lezi ziyizimo ezicatshangelwayo. Ngakho-ke, noma sithola ukuthi imizwa yeciko iyancipha, lokhu akusho ukuthi yilokhu okwenzeka esazini. Mhlawumbe lifana kakhulu nejaji eliyinqamulayo imizwa yalo, njengoba ijaji libhekana namacala angempela kodwa likwenza lokho ngokomsebenzi. Lapho kungathiwa kwezobuciko bakhe ukhathazekile.

Inothi lokufunda

Kungase kuthiwe umfundi ohlangabezana nezimo ezinjalo futhi angavusi kuye imizwa yomuntu efanele akangeni ngokugcwele kulesi simo. Lena ingxabano emelene naye ezingeni lezemfundo, hhayi ezingeni lokuziphatha. Kuthiwa akafundi kahle hhayi ukuthi ungumuntu oziphethe kabi. Angicabangi ukuthi kunjalo. Ngokuqinisekile umuntu angangena esimeni semfundo ngisho noma engekho kuso ngokwesintu. Ingxabano yami, vele, incike ekuboneni i-halakhah njengomsebenzi wochwepheshe-wezobuchwepheshe ongabandakanyi izindiza zemizwa (ngaphandle kwesigaba sesibili, njll.). Noma kunjalo, iphutha lokuziphatha ngokuqinisekile angiliboni lapha.

[1] Angiqiniseki ukuthi ihlangene nomlingiswa wesifazane. Lokhu kungase kube ngenxa yobusha bezinto, njengoba abesifazane ngokuvamile bengakaze bazijwayeze lezi zinkinga kusukela ebuntwaneni.

[2] Umphumela ngokwawo wamukelekile ngombono wami. Akunabungozi neze ukuthi abafundi baseTechnion bafunde ngezobuntu. Kodwa akukho ukuxhumana phakathi kwalokhu kanye necala lomkhumbi wegazi. Icala alibonisi noma iyiphi inkinga edinga ukuxazululwa, futhi uma bekunenkinga enjalo, izifundo zobuntu bezingeke zibe neqhaza nganoma iyiphi indlela esixazululweni salo.

[3] URashi Ogwadule XNUMX, k.

45 Imicabango ethi "Ingqondo Nenhliziyo - Imizwa Esifundweni Nasesahlulelweni Se-Halacha (Ikholomu 467)"

  1. Indaba ye-halakhic eshiwo lapha kwaxoxwa ngayo eqinisweni, uma ngikhumbula kahle, kulandela ukubulawa kwamalungu omndeni wakwaMaklef eMotza ngesikhathi semicimbi ka-XNUMX.

        1. Ngizofingqa kafushane okwashiwo lapho.

          A. Ikesi elivele kukholamu:
          [Indoda yashada nomshana wayo nomunye unkosikazi. Uma efa umfowabo akakwazi ukuhlala nomshana wakhe (i-pubic) ngakho-ke yena kanye nomunye wesifazane odinga usizo bayakhululwa ekukhipheni isisu kanye nebheyili (ukukhipha isisu okunqatshelwe). Uma indodakazi yomfowabo yashona ngaphambi komyeni wayo bese kushona umyeni wayo kusho ukuthi ngesikhathi ishona lona omunye wesifazane akanamahloni ngakho udinga umntwana.]
          Isigwebo seGemara sithi uma umuntu engazi ukuthi ngubani owafa kuqala, ukuthi umyeni washona kuqala futhi umkakhe (umshana wakhe) usaphila bese kuthi omunye unkosikazi afe ngesinengiso, noma unkosikazi ashone kuqala bese indoda ifa futhi. khona omunye unkosikazi ukweleta ingane. [Futhi umthetho yingoba kunokungabaza ukuthi kuyimpoqo kuBibom noma kwenqatshelwe eBibom bese kuba ihembe hhayi iBibum].

          B. Impendulo ivela ku- Ahiyezeri:
          [Indoda eshonile kwathi ngesikhathi ishona yashiya isidoda noma isibungu umkakhe ukhululiwe enyanyeni. Kodwa uma ayengenabantwana nhlobo noma wonke umuntu wafa ngaphambi kokuba afe, khona-ke umkakhe kufanele abe yi-bibom. Uma efa futhi eshiya umntwana ozelwe ngemva kokufa kwakhe futhi aze aphile ihora elilodwa kuphela bese efa, noma eshiya indodana efayo, kuyinzalo yakho konke futhi umkakhe ukhululiwe esinyanyeni.]
          Umgwetshwa ku-Ahiyezeri unguyise owafa futhi ngesikhathi sokufa kwakhe washiya inyamazane eyafa ngosuku olulodwa ngemva kukayise, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi indodana edla inyama ibhekwa njengembewu yakho konke njengokufa futhi owesifazane ofile ukhululiwe esikhumbeni, noma inyamazane (cishe ezofa phakathi nezinyanga eziyi-XNUMX). [I-Rose Garden icabanga ukuthi inyamazane ayibhekwa njengephilayo futhi imbi kakhulu kunokufa futhi owesifazane oshonile kufanele abe yi-bibom. U-Ahiezer ufakazela ngokwengeza ukuthi uBen Tripa uxoshwe eMaybum]
          https://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=634&st=&pgnum=455

          Kukhona ukufana kokuthi amalungu omndeni amabili ashone ngesikhathi esifushane (ngesizathu esifanayo).

        2. Ngicabanga ukuthi uNadav ubhekise empendulweni ka-Ahiezer ku-HG phakathi ne-CJ:

          Ngenyanga ka-Adar XNUMX (c) embuzweni kaDarg okwathi ngezinsuku zokubulawa kukayise e-Iraq kwabulawa uyise kwase kulandela indodana eyayiphila ngelinye ilanga, ababulali bayigwaza bayibhoboza iphaphu, uma kuvunyelwa. ukushada ngaphandle kokukhishwa, njengasempendulo ye-Ginat Vardim I-Sephardi yalethwa emadolweni ka-Yosef no-Harka'a nasePetah Tikva, okungase kube nzima.
          Lapha ngabona ku-Ginat Vardim responsa futhi angizange ngithole ubufakazi obukhona bokuvuselela, kuphela kwezenkolo eMatanitin efa futhi eqondiswa hhayi evela kuTani Prefa, okusho ukuthi iDetrapa ayixoshwa. Nokho, kusukela ku-Toss D. Futhi ngokuqondene ne-Toss, kubonakala sengathi wayefa yindoda echazwe eSanhedrin yiDalarbanan Darbav Hoy njengempango, ngakho-ke uMaimonides e-PB evela kumbulali uDahurgo akabulawa njengempango, futhi ngomunye uDemprashim GC. UDa'af okaliwe futhi uyafa. Futhi kuyacaca futhi ukuthi izindlu ze-Hari Batos Yavmot, lapho i-Demguide isendaweni lapho kungekho siphelo sempilo, kanye nase-B.H. A.H. Phela kufakazelwa emazwini kaToss, imodeli efayo futhi eholwa ngumuntu ofana nempango, kanjalo nokugasela okukuQur'an kaDavide, okuhlanganiswe neS. ungabi nandaba nokuthi ulahlekelwa yini, ngoba abafayo nabaqondisayo badinga ibhantshi futhi baxoshwa ebhibhini. Ngokuvamile, kuyamangaza ukuthi uma umzukulu ethatha imali ukuthi uzodinga ukuhlengwa, futhi kukhishwe isisu kumfazi womfowabo onendodana ephucwe futhi njengoba eletha amazwi I-Toss Reid nge-Shabbat KK ngokuqinisekile akufanele izwakale nhlobo ngenxa yokungabaza kongabazayo, futhi ayidingi ukuhlengwa futhi ivunyelwe ukushada. + Shum in the Beit Yitzchak impendulo, Chiv. A.A. ekuphenduleni kwe-Beit Yitzchak Kha'a Shatma G.K.

          Kodwa lokhu akulona icala lethu. Nakuba umuntu angahlatshwa umxhwele indlela yokwelashwa kanye nokuntula ngokuphelele ireferensi yobukhulu bomzwelo.

          1. [Mayelana nesiphetho samazwi akho mayelana nendlela yokwelashwa, ukuvakasha kwe-Treasure of Wisdom kuveza ukuthi umbuzo ovela ku-Ahiezer nguRabbi Zvi Pesach Frank owabuzwa ngakho urabi we-Safed lapho isigameko senzeke khona, futhi kakade wezwakalisa ukushaqeka, njll.

            1. Phakathi kwempendulo ye-halakhic kanye nentshumayelo ye-eulogy

              Ngomhla ziyi-XNUMX kuNisan XNUMX (kaRabi Yosef Caro)

              Yonke ingxoxo yemizwa noma engeyona imizwa yabaxazululi be-Halacha ngesisekelo sokwakheka kwabo ezimpendulweni zabo - ayibalulekile. Izihlakaniphi zizwakalise ukujabula ngokubiza imicimbi yazo ezintshumayelweni zazo emphakathini, obekuhloswe ngazo ukuvusa imizwa yabalaleli. Empendulweni ye-halakhic ingxoxo i-halakhic 'yomile'. Ibuse ngokwehlukana futhi ifune ngokwehlukana.

              Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi yayimbalwa kuphela imisebenzi yezazi zakwa-Israyeli eyanyatheliswa, ngokwengxenye ngenxa yezindleko zokunyathelisa. Ngakho-ke, zama ukuphrinta okukhethiwe okunoshintsho olubalulekile. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi iyintsha ku-halakhah noma i-legend. Ukuveza imizwa yenjabulo ngezindaba ezinhle nokudabuka ngamahemuhemu amabi - akukho okusha, wonke umuntu uyakuzwa, futhi asikho isidingo sokuyandisa ngenkathi wengeza amashidi. Nasemigudwini emisha baphrinte okuncane kokuncane.

              Sawubona, umfana omncane.

              1. Isigaba 1, umugqa 1
                … Ngokusekelwe emazwini abo...

                Kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi ngezinye izikhathi ukuphenduka kwanda ngamazwi osizi, lapho umuntu ephoqeleka ukuba abuse kabi. Lapho umlamuli enomuzwa wokuthi naphezu kwesifiso sakhe esikhulu akakwazi ukonga - khona-ke ngezinye izikhathi uzophinde aveze usizi lwakhe ekunqumeni kwakhe.

                Ngokwesibonelo, uRabi Chaim Kanievsky wayala kafushane isikhundla sakhe ngamazwi ambalwa, kodwa uRabi uMenachem Burstein wathi kunezimo lapho uRabi Kanievsky athi: 'O, o, oh. Angikwazi ukuvumela'.

  2. Okufanayo kwaba lapho iphutha elilodwa libuza uRosh Yeshiva ukuthi babhekana kanjani nenkinga yePP ngaphandle kokubabangela inkanuko yobulili. Uphendule ngokuthi abafundi ababhekani neqiniso, kodwa ngezinkambiso ze-halakhic eziphathelene nakho.
    Impela impendulo eyinqaba, ngoba incazelo ekwiMishnah ayisona “isenzo esasikhona”.
    Futhi ngaphansi kwalokho, uShlomi Emuni Yisrael, eholwa izifundiswa ezifundayo, bahlangana ukuze basize imindeni.

  3. Lezi zinkinga zifana "nokuhlolwa kokuphahlazeka" kwezimoto, ukuhlola ukumelana nezimo ezimbi kakhulu. Hhayi ukuthi sinesiqiniseko sokuthi yonke imoto izodlula into enjalo emgwaqeni

  4. A. Ukuhlaziya kwakho kugeja ngokuphelele amahlaya emazwini ami (kanye nodokotela: i-telenovela! Ngaphakathi kwenqolobane yeskripthi emangalisayo enikezwe indatshana, ungabhala okwengeziwe.).
    B. Kokubili mina nabafundi bakho abafundela ubudokotela (labo abangekho ezincwadini zamajenali-science-regrets, futhi abangafundi eMnyangweni Wezomnotho Wamakhrame Nezasekhaya. Ubani owathi ukuthanda izinto ezibonakalayo kanye ne-chauvinism kodwa abakwamukeli?) Qonda kahle izinga eliphindwe kabili . Njengoba sekushiwo, abanye bethu baze bayijabulele. Ngempela, iningi lethu lihlangabezana nezinkinga ze-gemara zalolu hlobo okokuqala, futhi kubonakala kimi ukuthi umfundi onolwazi futhi ojwayelekile angazuza kuphela ekubukeni kwethu okumangazayo nokusha ("ongaphandle") ngoba ungumuntu wokuqala futhi ongajwayelekile futhi. ukubuka okujwayelekile. Ikhono elinempilo lokubuka izinto kabusha libalulekile kuwo wonke umuntu. Ungesabi, izazi ezingcono namajaji (hhayi i-transgender) ziphumile kuyo.
    okwesithathu. Kodwa-ke, isazi se-dayan nejaji akufanele sikhale kabuhlungu futhi sisuse izinyanda zezicubu ngenkathi sifunda, kunalokho sisebenzisa ubuhlakani nekhono lokucabanga nokufunda. Ngikhuluma (ngikhuluma) ngokubukeka okukabili nokunempilo. Yebo, ngisho nokucwayiza kuyasebenza. Hhayi nje izinyembezi.
    D. Futhi ngeke yini abe umpristikazi njengoba umgcini wendlu yezihambi? Phuma futhi ufunde ukuthi izahlulelo zamajaji eNkantolo Ephakeme zibukeka kanjani, ngenxa yesikhundla sabo, zidingide izindaba ezibalulekile ngezinye izikhathi eziphathelene nezinhlekelele zohlobo oluthile noma olunye. Ukuhlaziywa kwezomthetho kuyoba khona kukho konke ukucija kwakho, futhi ngaphandle kokuphazamisa ukucija kwengxoxo, kuyohlale kunesethulo esifushane noma izinkulumo ezihambisanayo eziyohlobana nokubaluleka nohlangothi lokuziphatha.
    uNkulunkulu. Umbuzo wemifula yegazi nepayipi uyisibonelo esihle samahlaya amabi. Ithinta inkulumompikiswano eqhubekayo ekhona lapha, mayelana nokudelela kanye nokuntula ukubaluleka kwengqikithi, umkhathi kanye nemfundo.

    1. Sawubona silwane sakhe.
      A. Angizange ngiphuthe ngempela. Kunalokho, ngabhala ngokutuswa nokujabulela ukuphindaphinda futhi ngawaqonda kahle amahlaya. Futhi nokho kusukela ku-shit ngaqonda ukuthi kwakukhona ithoni yokugxeka, futhi-ke ngangiqinisile. Izinkulumo zakho lapha zikubeka ngokusobala lokhu. I-gemara isiyonke ayifaki isingeniso esiyinkondlo senguqulo ye-Cheshin.
      B. Impela kuwumbono ongazuzwa kuwo, kodwa ngokuvamile ongazuzisi lutho ngezinga le-halakhic. Ngiphawule ngalokhu ekugcineni kwekholomu. Ngigxila ekugxekweni kokuziphatha okungabalulekile.
      okwesithathu. Ngabona ukuthi kwakuwukubukeka okukabili, futhi ngakulungisa lokho. Umbuzo ebengibhekene nawo ngowokuthi ngabe ukungabikho kwendiza yesibili maqondana necala lokucatshangelwa kufanele yini kukhathaze noma cha.
      D. Amajaji eNkantolo Ephakeme, ngokungafani nabaxazululi, aphathelene nomthetho hhayi i-halakhah. Emthethweni kunesisindo esingaphezu kwe-halakhah (hhayi ngaso sonke isikhathi ngokufanelekile) emizweni yabo. Ngaphandle kwalokho, i-Halachic jurisprudence ibhekana namacala angokoqobo, iGemara ayikwenzi lokho. Ngamazwi ami ngimele lokhu kwahlukana.
      uNkulunkulu. Ngikhulume ngokugxekwa kwamahlaya amabi, futhi ngasho ngokusobala ukuthi akukhona lokhu engibhekene nakho. Umbuzo ebengibhekene nawo ngowokuthi ngabe ikhona yini indawo yokugxekwa ngokuziphatha.

      Okokugcina, ukumangalelwa kwe-substantivity kanye ne-chauvinism kuvamile futhi akubalulekile (imvamisa isetshenziswa kahle lapho izimpikiswano ezinkulu ziphela). Uma ngibika umbono wami wesipiliyoni ngikhuluma ngamaqiniso. Uma umphumela unamandla, khona-ke ukuqina cishe kulungile. Indlela yokubhekana nalokhu akukhona ukuphika imiphumela noma ukusola into ethile, kodwa ukuphikisana ngendlela enengqondo yokuthi amaqiniso awalona iqiniso. Uma ubuhlose ukwenza kanjalo, angizange ngiwaqaphele amazwi akho engxabano enjalo. Obunye ububi obumbi benani labantu ababuthaka (abesifazane kulo mongo ngokuqinisekile bayinani labantu elibuthaka, abangasoleki ngaso sonke isikhathi. Lapha ngizimisele ngisho nokwamukela kancane isisho esithi "buthakathaka"), ukuphikisa incazelo eyiqiniso esikhundleni sokubhekana nayo. amaqiniso. Ngabhala ngayo ngokuphathelene nomfundaze wabesifazane kwasekuqaleni, futhi iningi labesifazane abayifundayo bacasuka esikhundleni sokuthola iziphetho ezidingekayo nokuzama ukuthuthukisa. Kuyincwadi yokuhlola yokukhumbula isimo (uma ucabanga ukuthi kuhle, khona-ke ukukhumbula akukubi ngempela emehlweni akho, kodwa-ke angikuboni lokho engisolwa ngakho).

      1. Ukugxeka kwami ​​​​akukona okweGemara kodwa kuyindlela yesazi-Lithuanian ehlekisa ngesicelo sokubhekisela kabili. Isibonelo esivela kumajaji akudingeki siye ezinkondlweni zehaba ezaziwa kakhulu zikaCheshin, sinezibonelo eziningi eziphumelelayo nezingathi sína, njengoba wazi ukuthi ngimatasa kulezi zinsuku ngezimfundiso zomJuda othandekayo ngemuva kokuthweswa iziqu eNkantolo Ephakeme engenhla futhi lapho izinto kufanele zibhekwe.

        Ngikusole ngokuphathelene nesitayela kunokuqukethwe, okusho ukuthi, kumangalisa kanjani - futhi, ukusineka. Noma ngubani ophikelela ekuhlekisa amalungu enkampani yakhe kaninginingi, kuyena kufanele kusolwe ukuthi izingxabano zakhe aziphumeleli kangako. Noma, ukuphimisela ulimi lobungcwele bakho: "Ukuhleka okungenhla kujwayelekile futhi akubalulekile (ngokuvamile kusetshenziswa kahle uma izimpikiswano ezinkulu ziphela)."
        Ngiyaqonda-ke ukuthi uma ngisebenza ngihlangabezana nalolu hlobo lwempendulo evela kubafundi abaningi, futhi lokhu kufakazela imibono efana nalena, ngivele ngiphikisane nesitayela esilulazayo (ngokungafani nabafundi be-PhD kwezobulili nomnotho wasekhaya, abaye bahlakulela kakhulu imizwa yokuziphatha, ikakhulukazi uma ukuklama umzila wezinhlelo zabo zejenali) Kusayensi yokuzisola "), okungukuthi, siphinde sabuya, futhi kulokhu ngizocaphuna ulimi lwami olungcwele," engxoxweni eqhubekayo ekhona lapha, mayelana nokudelelwa nokungaxhunywanga. ukubaluleka kumongo, umoya kanye nemfundo ”.

        1. Kodwa ireferensi ekabili ayikho kuGemara uqobo. Lokhu akukona ukusungulwa kwamaLithuanians. Isazi saseLithuania sinamathela kuphela kulokho okukhona, futhi isimangalo sakhe siwukuthi ukubhekisela kabili kusemthethweni ngokuphelele kodwa ukuthi akuyona indaba yocwaningo lwalolu daba, futhi ngokuqinisekile akusho nganoma iyiphi indlela ukuziphatha okuhle noma isici.
          Angizange ngikuqonde isimangalo sakho mayelana nesitayela. Akukho ukugiya lapha. Lezi yizimpikiswano ezijwayelekile zeziwula / amakhono obulili / iminyango. Yilokhu abakwenzayo cishe ngaso sonke isikhathi. Engakusho ngabo bonke abantu besifazane, ngisho nalabo abangabufundisi ubulili (iningi labo liyangithanda), ngathi izingxabano ezinjalo zivamile kwabesifazane, futhi ngicabanga ukuthi lawa amaqiniso avela kokuhlangenwe nakho kwami. Akukho mpikiswano lapha kodwa ukubhekwa okuyiqiniso.

          1. Ngempela, njengoba ngibhalela uSarah, alikho iphutha lokuziphatha lapha, ngabona ku-Facebook kwesinye sezazi aziphakamisa mayelana nezibonelo ezifanayo i-tractate Yevamot eziveza ngokuphindaphindiwe ngoRuben nokudlwengulwa kwakhe, ukuze kube nenzuzo. ukuze kulondolozwe udumo lukaRubeni noShimoni futhi esikhundleni salokho kunikeze izibonelo zika-Aridata noDelfoni namanye amadodana ayishumi kaHamani. (Ngakolunye uhlangothi kunesimo okwakuthiwa ngenxa yePurimu futhi wayengaqondile nhlobo) Ukusola abafundi bobulili ukuthi abaqondile ngempela kodwa inhloso yabo ukushicilela izihloko, lokhu ukuhlambalaza hhayi ukubonwa okuyiqiniso.

  5. Cijela njengakuqala. wenze kahle.
    Eminye imibono engaxazululiwe:
    A. Ihlaya lesilwane sakhe laliphuthelwe ngempela. (Ngizovuma futhi ngivume ukuthi nami ngiphuthelwe ukufunda okokuqala)
    B. Ngicabanga ukuthi lokho kusiza ingane eku-Hyder ukuthi iyabumba ekuhlanganiseni kwe-Gemara. Uma umlingani wakhe ebhentshini embuza ukuthi yini ngempela le evele yavela avele axakwe aphinde abe namahloni.
    okwesithathu. Uma umkami engitshela ukuthi ubone igundane elichotshoziwe emgwaqeni, ngaphandle kokuphazamiseka okuqondile kwesibuko, ngeke kungenze ngibe nesicanucanu. Uma ngimtshela - uyaphalaza. Abanye abantu bazidwebela bona iqiniso abafunda ngalo bese behlangabezana nalo ngendlela ethile kanti abanye abakwenzi. Umuntu angafunda u-Harry Potter bese ebona i-movie futhi athi - angizange ngicabange kanjalo! Futhi omunye umuntu akazange angicabange. Ngikholwa ukuthi izimfundiso zase-Bar Ilan ziyakuqonda ukubuka kabili, kodwa azikwazi ukuzicabangela izimo ngokwazo.
    D. Njengomqondo othile, ngicabanga ukuthi uma umuntu ebhekana ngokoqobo nesimo afunda ngaso, kuyoba nzima kakhulu ngaye ukuba anqanyulwe. Uzozipendela ngokushesha isimo njengoba ehlangabezana naso. Esinye isizathu esenza kube lula ngengane yaseHyderabad ukufunda ngokuza ngendlela engafanele nokunye. Akukona okomhlaba wakhe kangaka.
    uNkulunkulu. Kungenzeka futhi ukuthi isifiso sokusungula izinto ezintsha, esikhona kwabanye babafundi, kanye nokuvela emhlabeni wabo uye emhlabeni weTalmudic futhi singafiki ngokuphelele njengabamukeli, kubangela ukufunda kube nomuzwa.
    futhi. Ngaphandle kokungabaza, ukunqanyulwa komzwelo kuyasiza ekuqondeni izindaba ngokucacile. Usengalahlekelwa ngokuthile uma ungaxhumi imizwa kukho kamuva. Ukuziphatha okufanele ngikuxhume ukuze ngiqonde udaba, mhlawumbe ngisho nemizwa inendawo lapho endaweni ethile.
    (Angizange ngiqonde ukuthi inkinga ikuphi ngamashubhu egazi. Ungalidluliseli igazi ngamashubhu ezigulini? Akwenzeki yini ukudlulisa igazi ngendlela ebulalayo phakathi kwezigceme ngepayipi? Noma ukudlulisa igazi elisuka ezilwaneni ezihlatshiwe ulifake epayipini lokuvundiswa? Noma nje I-vampire kufanele isizwe ukususa igazi endaweni lapho ehlabela khona abantu ukuya ekhishini ngepayipi, ukuthi uzolakha kanjani, njll. Kodwa umbuzo ongenacala.

    1. A. Mhlawumbe uphuthelwe. Kodwa hhayi nami. Wonke umgxeki esikhundleni sakhe umi ngaphandle kombuzo wamahlaya.
      B. Ngempela, kufana nokubuza uR. Chaim ukuthi liyini ipani.
      okwesithathu. lokhu kuhle. Anginankinga nalabo abaveza izimo emiqondweni yabo, nalabo abathuswa yilokho. Angicabangi nje ukuthi lokhu kushaqeka kubonisa ubuhle bokuziphatha okungokomoya, noma ukuthi ukungabi khona kwakho kubonisa isici.
      D. Bona c. Lokhu kungase kuhlobane nenkulumo yami engabazayo ekugcineni kwekholomu mayelana nephutha ocwaningweni ngokwalo.
      uNkulunkulu. Ngezempilo. Ingabe sikhona isimangalo lapha? Angibhekani nokuxilongwa kwabesifazane noma abafundi, kodwa ngokubaluleka. Hhayi lapho ivela khona kodwa ukuthi ibalulekile futhi ibalulekile.
      futhi. Ngachaza ukuthi ukuphi.

      Angizange ngiqonde ukuthi yini inkinga ngombuzo mayelana ne-vampire. Angiyiboni inkinga ngakho.

  6. Isilwane sakhe,
    Phela iGemara ibhalwe ngobuciko bokufinyeza ngamandla. (Lesi ngesinye sezimanga lapho, kimina mfundi omangele).
    Imihlaba-yomhlaba ingase igoqwe ngomusho wamagama amathathu, isigaba singaqukatha amakhulu eminyaka yezikhala, kubaluleke kangakanani ukuqhathanisa ne-PSD YokuPhakame? Okulele emushweni owodwa omfushane nobukhali weGemara bekuyochitheka lapho emakhasini amaningi, uma kungewona amakhulu.

    Angizisoli izingcweti zamagama okugcina ekhasi le-Talmudic ezazingazweli kakhulu kunanoma yimuphi umuntu wesifazane futhi bengenajaji eliphakeme.

    Futhi kufanele sikhumbule ukuthi konke kwaqala ezikhathini ezedlule, kwase kuba nokuntuleka kwezindlela zokubhala, isidingo sokukopisha nokulondoloza izizukulwane ngezizukulwane.

    Mhlawumbe unikeze isibonelo? Yini futhi ungayifaka kanjani i-Sugia Danan?

    1. Ngivumelana nawe, futhi akufiki kimina ukuthi ngibhale kabusha i-Gemara. Ukuqhathanisa nezahlulelo zanamuhla kuphathelene nezahlulelo zanamuhla. Futhi mhlawumbe nangendlela urabi afundisa ngayo abafundi bakhe. Ngicabanga ukuthi uma lona kungurabi amfundisayo, uzofundisa abafundi bakhe lolu daba, kodwa kuzoba nesenzo esincane esingokomfanekiso. Qhosha iso, usho nokunye. Indaba yokufa kwe-avalanche ayinakho ukubaluleka kokuziphatha nhlobo, nje inhlekelele engenzeka ngisho nanamuhla e-Ukraine, unokuphawula okuthakazelisayo, mayelana nomlomo. Ingabe uphakamisa ukuthi kube nokuthinta okuthile okungazange kugcinwe embhalweni omfushane wokubhala ukuze kusetshenziswe kamuva? Angazi futhi angicabangi ukuthi ikhona indlela yokwazi. Mhlawumbe kuyafaneleka ukuphonsela inselelo ochwepheshe lapha ukuthi ingabe kwenye indawo e-Shas kukhona isimo sengqondo 'esivusa imizwa' kokuthile. Isibonelo, ekhasini lanamuhla kukhona umusho othandekayo ovela izikhathi eziningana - ingabe sibhekene nababi? Lesi isitatimende esiyiqiniso ngokuphelele, kodwa sinomculo wokudideka okujabulisayo.

      1. Isikhathi seTorah nesikhathi somkhuleko (kaSarah nezilwane zakhe)

        B.S.D.

        Kuyena noSarah - sawubona,

        AmaTannaim nama-Amoraim ayeneHalacha - nawo ayenenganekwane kanye nababhali bemithandazo. Ngamazwi abo ku-Halacha - qiniseka ukuthi uhlela izinto. Ngenkathi umhlaba wabo wemizwa - uvezwa emazwini abo enganekwaneni nasemithandazweni abayisungula (eminye imithandazo emihle yomuntu siqu ethi uTannaim no-Amoraim 'Batar Tzlotya' babuthelwe ndawonye e-Tractate Brachot, futhi eminingi yayo yafakwa eSiddur). Isikhathi seTorah ngokwehlukana nesikhathi somkhuleko ngokwehlukana.

        Ozithobayo, u-Hillel Feiner-Gloskinus

        Futhi hhayi njengokuthambekela kwezazi zeTorah namuhla ukuhlanganisa ukutadisha nemizwelo, okuzothiwa ngayo: 'Lowo ofundisa indodakazi yakhe iTorah - ufundisa imithandazo 🙂

        1. 'Futhi ubuyele enhliziyweni yakho' - ukufaka ngaphakathi okuqukethwe ocwaningweni enhliziyweni yakho

          Nakuba ucwaningo kumele kube 'ubuchopho obubusayo enhliziyweni'. Ukutadisha iTorah kudinga ukulalela iTorah engavumelani ngaso sonke isikhathi nokuthambekela kwenhliziyo - phela, ngemva kokucaciswa kwengqondo - kufanele sidlulisele izinto enhliziyweni ngesifiso sokudala ukuhlonza komuntu siqu nabafundi.

          Bheka isihloko sikaRebbetzin Or Makhlouf (Ramit in Midreshet Migdal-Anaz), efayeleni elithi "Ngenxa yokuthi bayizilwane," Migdal Iz Tisha: 31, p. 0 kuya phambili. Lapho ubala, phakathi kwezinye izinto, ubuhlungu bukaGrid Soloveitchikf, intsha yama-Orthodox eyaphumelela emkhakheni wezamangqondo… yazuza ulwazi lwemibono nezinqumo. Ujabulela izifundo ezinhle futhi uhlolisisa udaba oluyinkimbinkimbi. Kodwa inhliziyo namanje ayibambi iqhaza kulesi senzo… U-Halacha akabi ngokoqobo ngokwengqondo kuye. Ukujwayelana kwangempela ne-Shechinah akukho… '209 Words of View, p. XNUMX). Bheka ku-athikili yobude

          Makwazeke ukuthi iTorah idinga ukusebenza kwenhliziyo ngaphambi nangemva kwayo. Ngaphambi kwayo - ukulangazelela ukuxhumana noNkulunkulu ngokuhlakanipha nesifiso sakhe esiseTorah nomthandazo wokuthi sizoba nelungelo lokuqondisa iqiniso; Kulandelwa umthandazo wokuba sibe nelungelo lokusebenzisa izindinganiso esiye safunda ngazo ekuphileni.
          ,
          Ozithobayo, u-Hillel Feiner-Gloskinus

  7. 'Inkemba phakathi kwamathanga akhe nesihogo ivulekile ngaphansi kwakhe' kudinga isinqumo esicatshangelwayo nesizolile

    Ku-SD XNUMX kwaNissan P.B.

    Umxazululi ekuthatheni kwakhe izinqumo kufanele athathe isinyathelo ngenxa yesivunguvungu semizwa yamazwe amabili. Maye kuye ngakolunye uhlangothi futhi maye emphefumulweni wakhe uma enza iphutha futhi ashiye umfazi womuntu, futhi ngakolunye uhlangothi maye kuye futhi maye kuye uma ebambelela owesifazane ongavunyelwa. Isaga esibusayo somuntu onyathela indlela ewumngcingo ekugcineni kwalasha, ukuthi noma yikuphi ukuchezuka kancane ngakwesokunene noma kwesokunxele - kungase kumehlisele kwalasha.

    Futhi umlamuli kufanele abe nokukhathazeka okuphindwe kabili, ngoba ukunganaki kuyomholela esinqumweni esingelona iqiniso ngokunganaki, futhi umlamuli owesaba uNkulunkulu kufanele abe okhathalelayo, anakekele ukuthi ngeke ahluleke futhi avumele okwenqatshelwe, futhi anakekele ukuthi angeke akwenqabele. okuvumelekile. Ukukhathazeka kwakhe nokukhathazeka ngokuthi ubulungisa buzoshicilelwa - kuyisizathu sokuphishekela kwakhe iqiniso eliqondile ngokungakhathali.

    Kodwa sona kanye isivunguvungu semizwa esamvimbela ukuba acacise i-halakhah - yona ngokwayo idinga ukuthi ukucaciswa ngokwayo kwenziwe ngendlela ecatshangelwayo futhi ezolile, ngoba ukucaciswa kokukhathazeka nokulahlekelwa kwengqondo - kwakungeke kugcwalise iqiniso. Ngakho-ke, umlamuli kufanele ezolile ngesikhathi sophenyo, futhi azilungiselele ukucabangela zonke izinketho, ngisho nezibuhlungu kakhulu. Ngakho-ke, lapho umbuzo ufika - umlamuli kufanele abeke eceleni isiphepho semizwa futhi acabange ngokuthula.

    Kulokhu indoda ye-halakhah ifana neqhawe elidutshulwayo, okumele lingaphenduli ngokushesha. Kumelwe ame isikhashana, acashe, abuke lapho edutshulwa khona, bese ehlela futhi adubule ngokunembile lapho kuhloswe khona. Iphutha lokushaya isitha liyingozi kumdubuli, njengoba lidayisela isitha indawo yakhe yokukhosela.

    Kanjalo nesimo somhlengi ofika esehlakalweni esibuhlungu, esiyingozi kaningi kanye nezingozi eziningi, okumele afunde ngokushesha isimo, abeke izinto eziza kuqala. Ngokushesha lungisa lokho okuyingozi ngokushesha, ulungise ngokushesha lokho okuphuthumayo, futhi uyekele esigabeni sokugcina lokho okungaphuthumi kangako. Ukuhlolwa kwesimo esigadiwe - kuyisisekelo sokwelashwa okufanele.

    Isifiso esinamandla sokunqoba impi noma ukusindisa abalimele - uphethiloli ogqugquzele umlwi noma isibambi ukuthi avolontiye eqenjini lokulwa noma ibutho lokuhlenga, kodwa isinqumo sokuthi kufanele kwenziweni futhi kanjani esimweni 'sokungasebenzi kahle' - kufanele kwenziwe. ngokwahlulela okubaliwe nokuzolile.

    Yebo cishe akunakwenzeka ukucabanga ngokuzolile lapho uhlangabezana nengozi engalindelekile, ukuthi ngenxa yokucindezeleka umuntu akhohlwe yonke 'ithiyori'. Kuze kube manje, izazi zezomthetho ze-halakhic, abalwi kanye nabatakuli babambe 'isifundo sokuqeqesha' esilwela ukulindela yonke into engenzeka 'i-Batalam', ukwenza kusenesikhathi amaphethini ezenzo zesimo esifanayo esingaba khona, futhi abasebenzi abaphenduli kuzo zonke izimo. Bese kuthi uma 'ukungasebenzi kahle' kufika - uhlelo lwesenzo luyavela ngokushesha futhi ungenza ngendlela ehlelekile ngaphandle kokuthi uphinde uhlebe. Amacebo acatshangelwa futhi asetshenzwa kusenesikhathi.

    Izindaba ze-tractate Yavmot. Izinhlekelele zokuzamazama komhlaba nokuwa kwezindlu, izifo nezifo eziwumshayabhuqe, ukunyamalala kwabantu ohambweni lwezohwebo kanye nemikhumbi ecwila olwandle, izimpi nezinhlu neziza - kwakuyizimo ezingenzeka ngokuphelele emhlabeni lapho kwakuhlala khona izazi, ikakhulukazi ezinsukwini zokuvukela kwamaRoma. ukuQothulwa Kwesizwe kanye nokuvukela kukaBar-Kochba.

    Incwadi yomhlahlandlela yokwelapha okusebenzayo kwezimo eziyinhlekelele ezicindezelayo kufanele ifaneleke futhi ibe mfushane, futhi ngokucacile nangokufingqiwe ihlanganise zonke izinhlobo zezimo ezingase zibe khona futhi ibanike uhlelo lokwelapha, ngakho imaski ye-Yavmot yenziwa ngendlela emfushane neyomile, njenge kuzokwenziwa incwadi yethiyori yokulwa noma usizo lokuqala .

    Ozithobayo, uHillel Feiner Gloskinus

    KuyiMishnah neTalmud, amagama athi 'telegraphic' azimisele ukuwadlulisela ngomlomo. Ukuze zikwazi ukukhumbula ngekhanda, kufanele zenziwe ngendlela elula futhi edonsayo. Izingxoxo ezijulile isikhathi eside noma ukuqhuma kwengqondo akuzuzi ngekhanda. ITalmud ingeyokufunda ngokujulile, futhi umthandazo owokuthululwa komphefumulo. I-'sub' kumele ibe mfushane futhi ibe mfushane

  8. 'UWillen waqamba uJakobe ngalobobusuku' - isivunguvungu semizwa esidinga isenzo esizolile

    Ngakho-ke u-Yaakov Avinu, othandaza ngokukhathazeka nokukhathazeka, 'Ngicela ungisindise, masinyane, mfowethu, yenza ngokushesha ... funa eze futhi alungiselele umama' - uyaqhubeka enza ngokuzola. Akaqali ukubaleka ngokushesha. Kunalokho, yena nekamu lakhe bayolala (futhi ubani ongalala kulesi simo esibi?) Futhi nivuke nisanda kuhlanganyela ukuze nilwe ukuhlangabezana nebutho lika-Esawu.

    Futhi ngisho noDavide wabaleka ku-Absalomu indodana yakhe, lapho ehamba ephukile futhi wakhala futhi wathandazela insindiso yakhe kwabaningi ababemvukele, bonke abantu ngokumelene nedlanzana abathembekile ababesele naye. Uzwakalisa konke ukukhathazeka kwakhe ngomthandazo, futhi umthandazo wakhe umnika amandla okwenza ngokwahlulela okuyiqiniso. Uzama indlela yokuncenga ngokuthumela izinzwa zasendulo ukuba zephule iseluleko sika-Ahithofeli, futhi ngemva komthandazo nokuncenga, uyaqiniseka ngakho, futhi uyakwazi ukubamba ngokuthula esimweni sakhe esibi ‘ngiyocambalala ngilale ngoba uJehova yedwa futhi isibili ohlala khona.

    Ukukhathazeka kubonakala ngomthandazo, futhi umuntu ukhuliswa kuwo ngokuqiniseka ukuba enze ngokuhlakanipha.

    Abazithobayo, i-PG

    1. Vumelana nakho konke okushoyo.
      Futhi ngisho nangaphakathi kwe-halakhah izikhathi eziningi kugcinwa imizwa eminingi. Futhi-ke inhlanganisela ye-legend ne-halakhah ivumela lokhu ngezinga elithile,
      Njengokuthi, isibonelo (impilo yakhe) ethinta inhliziyo, ekunambitheni kwami: (Kazi likhona yini ijaji eNkantolo eNkulu elivumele ukuchitheka okungaka)

        1. Caphuna ukuthi yebo, kodwa ungaqiniseki ukuthi ngabe baqale isimangalo esinjalo.
          Ngendlela, ungabona ukuthi izinqumo zinde kangakanani futhi ziba yisicefe, phakathi neminyaka, lapho isandla siba lula kukhibhodi, futhi yonke imithombo iyatholakala, futhi asisekho isidingo sokubizela intatheli.

    2. 'Ufundisa ukuthi akazange alale' - naphezu komdlandla

      I-BSD XNUMX ku-Nissan PB

      Mayelana nokubaluleka kokugcina ukuthula lapho wenza, uHasidim wacacisa isihloko sesazi esithi 'Yebo, u-Aroni wenza - ufundisa ukuthi akazange alale', ukuthi akuqondakali ukuthi iyini 'iSalka Da'ata' ukuthi u-Aroni ongcwele ulala evela kuNkulunkulu. imiyalo? Nabalandeli bachaza ukuthi nakuba u-Aaron wayegcwele isasasa ngesikhathi eyokhanyisa futhi kwaba khona ukuzwa ukuthi ngenxa yesasasa uzophazama ngemininingwane. I-KML, naphezu kokulengiswa, iyaqikelela ukwenza imisebenzi yayo ngokunembayo.

      Ozithobayo, u-Hillel Feiner-Gloskinus

    1. Impela, lapho noRami Bar ukuphindwa kwezinto kuyinhlekelele kanye namahlaya endaweni eyodwa. Kodwa lapho kungashiwo, ukuthi njengoba izinto sezenziwe, bacela kuye izenzo zakhe. Futhi ngokusobala wayengafuni ukuthembela etafuleni labanye

  9. Kukhona indawo "yemizwelo ebusayo" ngokusho kweGemara lapho amaqembu amabili efika ezophikisana phambi kwe-Dayanim futhi kungekho sinqumo esicacile, esibizwa ngokuthi "Shuda Dadayin".

  10. Ngokubona kwami, kuyiqiniso: othile waqala ingxoxo ye-intanethi embuzweni othi "Uma uthola kusasa ukuthi ubuKristu buyiqiniso - ungashintsha indlela yakho yokuphila ngokufanele". Ezinye zezimpendulo eziwubuwula bezithi "ngeke kwenzeke ngakho-ke asikho isidingo sokubuza". Abantu banenkinga ngempela yokuqonda isigaba sombuzo wokucatshangelwa. Ngazama ukubachazela ukuthi nabo cishe ngeke kudingeke ukuthi baphonse umuntu okhuluphele kakhulu emizileni yesitimela ukuze avimbele isitimela ukuba singagijimi phezu kwabantu abaphoqelelwe abahlanu, nokho lona umbuzo oyisisekelo ezifundweni zefilosofi yokuziphatha; Kodwa akusebenzanga...
    Khona-ke othile wangiphikisa ngokuthi ngokwesimiso imibuzo ecatshangelwayo ilungile, kodwa kunezinto ezishaqisayo kakhulu ngokomzwelo ngakho-ke akulungile ukuxoxa ngazo ngokucatshangelwa (ngokuphambene, ukusho, ukunyathelwa komuntu okhuluphele kakhulu ngesitimela okuyiso. cishe akwethusi neze). Umbhali kwakungu-R.M. e-yeshiva yesikole samabanga aphezulu, futhi empeleni akungicaceli ukuthi wenzani ezindabeni ezinjengalena okhulume ngayo lapha... Noma kunjalo, ngemva kwenkulumo-mpikiswano emfushane wangibuza ukuthi ngangicabanga ukuthi kwakufanelekile yini ukuba angibuze " ungenzenjani uma uthola ukuthi kusasa umama wakho uyabulala" . Yebo angizange ngiqonde ukuthi inkinga yayiyini ngalokho, ngaze ngahamba ngayotshela umama, naye owayengaqondi ukuthi inkinga ikuphi ngalo mbuzo... qonda kahle ukuthi yiliphi iphuzu abezama ukulicacisa.
    Okubalulekile - lapho kunzima ukuthi abantu babhekane nokuqukethwe (ngobuhlakani!) Bagijimela emaphethelweni bese bezama ukukhomba 'izinkinga' zezimonyo njengezaba zokuthi kungani kungafaneleki kwasekuqaleni' ukuzibandakanya kulokhu okuqukethwe (bese kusele ukufunda kuphela Indaba emnandi kakhulu).

    1. ngempela. Ngiphawula nje ukuthi kunendawo yokusho kwakhe ngobuKristu ngale ndlela elandelayo: mhlawumbe ngokombono wakhe uma ubuKristu bunengqondo ngakho kwakungebona ubuKristu esibaziyo. Ngakho-ke akukho ndawo yombuzo wokuthi ngabe ngenzeni ukube ngathola ukuthi ubuKristu bulungile. Ngokufanayo, ayikho indawo yombuzo wokuthi uMaimonides wayeyothini nganoma yisiphi isimo osukwini lwethu. Ukube uyaphila ngabe akayena uMaimonides.

  11. Sawubona Rabi Michi.
    Kunzima ukuphikisana nesimangalo sakho, ngempela "ngomqondo ojwayelekile" kuyacaca ukuthi okuhlanzekile nelungelo ukusebenza ngokuhlaziywa okunengqondo kwe-halakhic net. Kodwa akunakwenzeka ukungaziba iqiniso lokuthi izikhathi eziningi izindaba ze-Shas zezazi zigoqwe ngezindaba ezibanika ukufundwa kwesiqondiso somuntu noma sokuziphatha ngokomzwelo.

    Ngizonikeza izibonelo ezi-2 (esokuqala sibuthaka kancane): Ngemva kokuthi u-Tractate Gittin exoxe ngemininingwane yezinkinga ezihlukahlukene ezicatshangelwayo nezingokoqobo, uyahlupha ukuze aphethe ngentshumayelo yenzondo nesehlukaniso. Futhi indlela okumzwisa ubuhlungu ngayo uNkulunkulu ngaso leso senzo sokuhlukanisa. Kubaluleke ngani ukuthi iGemara iqede iTraktha ngale ndlela? Akukhona yini lapha ukufunda isiqondiso?

    EGemara eKiddushin kunenganekwane enhle ekhuluma ngoRabi Asi nonina. Ibaluleke kakhulu kangangokuba yangena yonke imithetho kaMiriam, iSahluko XNUMX, nekaMaimonides. Ekupheleni kodaba kubhalwe ukuthi uRabi u-Asi wathi “angimazi uNafaki” Iningi labahlaziyi lichaze lo musho ngezibuko ze-halakhic. URabbi Asi uthi wayengeke alishiye izwe lakwa-Israyeli ngenxa yezizathu ezihlukahlukene ze-halakhic (ukungcola kwezizwe ngenxa yokuthi ungumpristi nezinye izizathu). UMaimonides wabhala kwethi Halacha ukuthi ngempela uma abazali bakhe bekhohliswa wayengaduduza futhi ayale omunye umuntu ukuba abanakekele. IMoney Mishnah iqinisa uMaimonides futhi ithi nakuba ingabhalwanga ngokucacile ngale ndaba kungenzeka ukuthi uRabi Asi wayejwayele. URabi uthukuthelele uMaimonides futhi uthi lena akuyona indlela nendlela umuntu angashiya ngayo abazali bakhe komunye umuntu ukuba abanakekele. (Kungaphikiswana ngokuthi lokhu ukucatshangelwa kwe-halakhic kodwa kumane kusikisela ukuthi akakwazi ukubekezelela umbono wokuziphatha) Azikho izinkinga = ngeke ngishiye iBabiloni. Futhi ibhekisela ekuhlaseleni kukaRab'ad uMaimonides.

    Iqiniso liwukuthi kuvela ukuthi empeleni ubulungiswa be-halakhic noMaimonides kanye nezindaba zemali kodwa amehlo ethu ayabona ukuthi isazi nejaji bafunde le nganekwane eqinisweni ekufundweni kothando kokuziphatha.

    Ngilinganisela ukuthi ukube phambi kwami ​​nginencwadi yomfundi wezihlakaniphi, uRabbi Yehuda Brandes, "Inganekwane Eqinisweni," ngabe nginikeze izibonelo ezimbalwa futhi mhlawumbe eziphumelele kakhulu.

    PS: Ukulinda nokulinda ikholomu engxabanweni yokuguqulwa (kungakanani ongamelana nakho?)

    1. Kukhona ngempela izibonelo ezimbalwa. Bheka isibonelo kukholamu 214 emlotheni wakhe ngenxa yemicibisholo yakhe. Kodwa akukhona lokho engikhuluma ngakho lapha. Babefuna ukungifundisa ukuthi isehlukaniso sibi. Lokhu kuhlangana ngani nokubusa nge-halakhah kulezi zindaba? Kuhlobene nobuholi jikelele obuphikisana ne-halakhah ukuthi kufanele kwenziwe imizamo yokugwema isehlukaniso.

  12. “Umxazululi kufanele acabange abandayo ngecala eliza phambi kwakhe. Okushiwo i-halakhah akuhlangene nalokho okushiwo imizwa (futhi ngombono wami ngisho nalokho okushiwo yisimilo), futhi kuhle ukuthi ikwenza. Umlamuli kufanele asike umthetho ngokukhululeka, futhi ngaleyo ndlela abe nelungelo lokuqondisa iqiniso leTorah. "Kuze kube manje amazwi akho.
    Ngenze isibonelo endabeni kaRabi Asi nonina owagwetshwa eHalacha. Ngagcina sengithi uRabi noRashash babengavumelani nabo ngokungekho emthethweni, ngesizinda somuntu noma sokuziphatha.

    1. Isisho esibi kakhulu esiyingxenye sigcwele ukucaphuna nhlobo. Phela, ngibhale ukuthi kukhona indawo yokwethula ukucatshangelwa okunjalo esiteji B, ngemva kokuba sesiqedile ukuxoxa ngezinketho eziyisisekelo ze-halakhic. Uma umthetho unganqunywa kodwa kusele izinketho ezimbalwa, indlela yokunquma phakathi kwazo ingaqukatha nokuziphatha (futhi mhlawumbe nemizwa njengenkomba).

  13. 1. Mhlawumbe lesi ngesinye sezizathu esenza ukuthi iGemara ingabi ngeyabantu besifazane futhi banqatshelwe ukuyixoxa? (Ukubuza akucaci)
    2. Iqiniso liwukuthi iminyaka lapho ngifunda "AmaBhayibheli Amabili Nenguqulo Eyodwa" ngihlangana nezindaba ezivela eTorah kimina nangenxa yesizukulwane sethu sabesifazane esintula imizwelo (ngokusobala kunjalo) angizange ngihlanganyele nayo indawo engizungezile ngoba Anginawo amazwi okudlulisa imizwa yami ikakhulukazi simatasa nemizwa, ngikhona manje angisakhumbuli izibonelo eziningi ngaphandle kwesisodwa lapho u-Eliyezeri efika ngezingxoxo zokuthatha uRebecca (ngaleso sikhathi imbulunga yayingakabi umndeni owodwa, kungenzeka kube ukuhlukana komhlaba wonke nomndeni wakhe ukuthi kwengeza lapha emzwelweni) noyise uBethuweli nomfowabo uBen bazama ukubambezela bese Intombazane (ungakhohlwa ukuthi yayineminyaka emithathu ubudala ingenye iphuzu elinomthelela emizweni wonke umdlalo) Kubuza ohlakaniphileyo kanti uyise uphi ethempelini? Izihlakaniphi ziphendula ngokuthi wafa (wadla ipuleti elinophoyizeni alilungisela u-Eliyezeri ngengelosi eyashintsha amapuleti kwangathi ngiyizikhumbuzo zomshini wokushibilika) futhi ngokushesha kuthiwa babuza bamthumela uRebecca endleleni yakhe, nansi indodana. uyabuza ucabange isimo namuhla inhlekelele enjalo u-Dom Eliezer okungenani okwamanje abe izinhlelo zakhe futhi angazizwa enamahloni kancane ngekilasi lakhe futhi esekhaya njengamanje lapho ebhekene nenhlekelele yomndeni (mhlawumbe ezama ukugoqa imishini ngokuthula futhi asuke endaweni njengoba efike ngesikhathi esinzima kangaka noma okunye ngenxa yokuphatheka kabi Inhloso yokufika asize ngawo wonke umzimba nomphefumulo wakhe ukuhlela umngcwabo nokwakha itende nokuletha izihlalo zabakhalayo njll) kodwa ngokusebenza Umhlaba weTorah njengokujwayelekile uyaqhubeka ngaphandle kokuthi izinhlelo ziyaqhubeka njengoba bekuhleliwe Ku-autism, urabi lapha unekhambi elivela ku-"Dauriyta" ukuze abe nenkampani enhle.Endabeni kaJosefa nomfowabo, yebo, madoda, lesi simo (lokhu kushaqeka kuka-Esawu akuzange kudlule ngokwezazi. Kwakhokhelwa nguMoridekayi umJuda ngemva kwezinkulungwane zeminyaka kamuva, njengoba eyaziwa kahle). Ngale kwenkinobho yehembe lakhe, kuke kwathi amajaji ezama ukugqugquzela omunye ukuthi adivose umkakhe ngokumtshela ukuthi kubhaliwe ukuthi i-altare lihlisa izinyembezi wabaphendula akukubi kuze kube namuhla ngikhala izinyembezi angeke kubuhlungu ukwehla izinyembezi ezimbalwa. Manje futhi, Kukababa owabona kusengaphambili ethempelini egwaza indodana yakhe futhi lapho ubaba wangena ekucabangeni ngohlelo lolimi waya wayala ukuba indodana yakhe ikhishwe ngesikhathi indiza ifuna usizo ngenxa yokwesaba ukungcola (esikhundleni sokuphuthelwa isigqi) kanye namaGemara. uxoxa lapho lobaba, ukuthi unenhlonipho eyeqile noma "i-autism" maqondana nokubulala
    3. Esimeni senkulumo karabi “kufana nokubuza uR. Chaim ukuthi yini ipani” isibonelo sikarabi asiphumeleli futhi ngizokufanekisa lokhu ngendaba, mhlawumbe ngeminikelo nokweshumi uR. Chaim wambuza ukuthi yini ukwatapheya. ? R. Avraham wathinteka wathi uyakuqonda ukuthi inqwaba isho ukuthini? Ukuthi kuwo wonke amaBhabhiloni namaJerusalema namaMidrashim namaTosefot namaZohari njll., igama elithi ukwatapheya alikho.
    UMasach Pan usevele okukhulunywe ngaye kuyiTorah izikhathi eziningana lapha ukubonga urabi "ngesihloko urabi angasibhalanga" ngemva kokufa kukarabi wethu ekugcineni isinqumo njengoba nje eyalwa ukuba asho into ezwakalayo Yayibucayi) kanye nechibi urabi athanda ukuhlaba izinkomo ezingcwele noma yikuphi njengamanje eminyakeni engamashumi amathathu uma lifudumala livame ukuqhuma idome leNtaba yeThempeli kunokuhlatshwa kwenkomo engcwele, ngake ngabuza urabi wethu endaweni enolwazi ukunyundela noma ngivunyelwe ukutshela indumiso Ngempela (futhi ngengeza ukuthi kimina kuwudumo olukhulu) kodwa ozwayo ucabanga ukuthi le ndaba ihlambalaza futhi ngilethe njengesibonelo izindaba eziphathelene no-R. Chaim (ngendlela uR. Chaim angenza ngayo thandaza ngakho kathathu ngosuku ukuze ungakhumbuli lutho ngaphandle kwale Torah obunye ubufakazi obuphikisana noRabi Shefilot Assistants) futhi kubonakala kimi ukuthi uRabi wangiphendula ukuthi cishe kwenqatshelwe futhi kule nqubo wangitshela ukuthi njengomfundi we-yeshiva eMelika lapho. Kwakuwukhetho lukamongameli ngicabanga ukuthi kumongameli ogama lakhe linguJohnson futhi babenongqongqoshe we-yeshiva ngalelo gama futhi inhloko yabo ye-yeshiva igxile ekufundeni lapho bemtshela ukuthi uRosh Yeshiva wazibuza ukuthi ungqongqoshe we-yeshiva waba kanjani uMongameli wase-United States ngobusuku obubodwa.

        1. Kuthiwa uRabbi Chaim waseBrisk wathatha amapani namabhodwe ngaphandle kombono, okusho ukuthi akudingeki ukuthi umuntu azi kahle ukuthi ipani lakhiwe kanjani nokuthi isilinganiso singakanani phakathi kobude besibambo nobubanzi bobuso, kodwa kunalokho ukwazi izakhiwo zayo ezidingekayo ezihambisana ne-halakhah ne-halakhah. Ngakho-ke kwenzeka ukuthi hhayi ngendlela evamile asikho isidingo sokuthi ingane iqonde ukuthi iyini ngempela kodwa kuphela ukuthi yenze okuthile okungeyona indlela enza ngayo futhi kunezinhlobo zonke zemithetho, futhi ukuqonda kwakhe kwe-halakhic akulimazi noma yini.
          Ngokuvamile, u-R. Chaim nje ungu-R. Chaim waseBrisk (okungenani ezindaweni okubhekwana nazo e-Gemara kune-Halacha), njengoba nje i-Rashba ingu-R. Shlomo ben Aderet hhayi u-Rash Mashantz, nakuba ukuhlonipha kokubili kukhulu kakhulu.

  14. Rabi wangisiza ngendaba engiyizwe kahle kulo mongo:

    Ngiyakhumbula ukuthi esifundweni engangifunda kuso, urabi owayefundisa lesi sifundo wasitshela (bonke ababebambe iqhaza kwakungamadoda) ukuthi wayefundisa isifundo seGemara sokwakha isikole sobufundisi, futhi sasiseTractate Yavmot.

    Usitshele ukuthi wadweba ebhodini "umndeni" wonke walolu daba wafaka ama-X kubo bonke "abafile" wabe esebheka emuva wabona ukuthi ubuso bamantombazane buthukile.

    Bahawukela "abafile" abadwetshwe ebhodini.

    Akushiwo, sonke sahleka futhi samamatheka ngendaba.

Shiya amazwana