He mitzvah anei ka pane?

Derech Chaim - XNUMX

BSD ARA XNUMX

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Ramban i kāna ʻōlelo ma ka Buke Deuteronomy (hoʻomaka o ka mokuna L) aia kahi mitzvah e hana i ka teshuva.[1] Ua aʻo ʻia kēia mitzvah mai ka paukū (ibid.): "A ʻo ka Sābati iā Iēhova kou Akua." Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, kākau ʻo Maimonides i nā Laws of Repentance (XNUMX: XNUMX, XNUMX) he ʻōlelo hoʻohiki kēia mai ke Akua mai ka hopena o ka ʻIseraʻela e mihi. He kauoha anei ko Maimonides e mihi ai?

הkūlana (Mitzvah Shasad) a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i kuhikuhi i kahi kūʻē kūʻē i kēia manawa. Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, bKa Buke Kauoha (Mitzvah Ag) Ua kākau ʻo Maimonides:

ʻO ia ka mea nāna i kauoha e haʻi i nā hewa a me nā hewa a mākou i hana hewa ai ma mua o ka piʻi ʻana o ke Akua a haʻi iā lākou me ka pane.

ʻAʻohe kauoha ma ʻaneʻi e pane. ʻO ka mea o ka haʻi hewa ʻana i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ʻaneʻi ma ke ʻano he conditional mitzvah: inā haʻi ke kanaka, pono ʻo ia e ʻōlelo i ka haʻi ʻana me ka hoʻokō ʻana i ka haʻi (a ʻo kēia mau mea me ka lawe ʻana i ka mōhai). ʻAʻole like ke ʻano o ka hana ʻana i ka teshuva me he mitzvah ma ʻaneʻi (e like me ka pepehi ʻana, ʻo ka mea makemake e ʻai i ka ʻiʻo, pono e pepehi ma ke kānāwai.[2].

Mai keia i hoopau ai ke kane Mea hoʻonaʻauao (Mitzvah Shasad), inā ʻaʻole e hoʻi mai ke kanaka hewa, ʻaʻohe ona hoʻopaʻi no ka mihi ʻole (ua hoʻopaʻi ʻia ʻo ia no ka hewa i hala). Ua ʻōlelo hou ʻo ia inā ʻo ia i mihi a ʻaʻole i haʻi aku, ʻaʻole ʻo ia i kāpae i kahi mitzvah i hana ʻia e Davidoi, no ka mea, ʻaʻole kēia he mitzvah maikaʻi (he mitzvah 'existential', ʻo ka mea nāna e hana ia mea he uku, akā ʻo ka mea hoʻokahi. ʻO ka mea i uhaki a hana ʻole ʻaʻole ia e kāpae i kekahi mea).[3]

Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, ma ka helu o nā mitzvos ma mua o nā kānāwai mihi, kākau ʻo Maimonides penei:

Hoʻokahi kauoha, a ʻo ka mea hewa e hoʻi mai i kāna hewa i mua o ke Akua a haʻi.

No laila ua puka mai kahi kiʻi like ʻole. Ua kauohaia ka mea i hana hewa e hoi mai i kana mau hana ino, a ua kauoha pu ia e hai. Eia ka pane ʻana ma ke ʻano he made matzah, a ʻelua mau ʻāpana: ka pane a me ka haʻi.[4] He kue keia i ka mea a makou i ike ai ma na olelo a Maimonides bKa Buke Kauoha. Ma ka wehewehe ʻana i ke ʻano o Maimonides, ua ʻōlelo ʻia nā ʻaoʻao like ʻole, a i kēia manawa ʻaʻole lākou e wehewehe maoli i kēia kūʻē. E hāʻawi mākou i kahi ala ʻē aʻe ma muli o ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ke kuleana o Ka Buke Kauoha A hoʻomaopopo i ka mea o ka pane.

E like me ka mea i ʻike ʻia ma ke aʻo ʻana i nā aʻa ʻehā ma mua o MaimonidesKa Buke Kauoha ʻO kāna, ua hoʻokomo ʻo Maimonides i loko o kāna kōrum i nā mitzvos wale nō i loaʻa kahi kauoha ma ke Torah. ʻO nā Mitzvot i aʻo ʻia mai kahi midrasha (e ʻike i laila ma ke kumu ʻelua), a mai Sabra, a mai Knesset mai, ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo ʻia i kā mākou kōrum. Inā pēlā, aia nā aie mai Dauriyta i ʻōlelo ʻole ʻia maKa Buke Kauoha. ʻO ka hopena, ʻo ka ʻike ʻole ʻana o kahi mitzvah ma laila ʻaʻole ia he manaʻo ʻaʻole ia he mitzvah.[5]

He kauoha maopopo anei ma ke Torah e pili ana i ke kauoha o ka mihi? Ua ʻike mākou ma luna, e like me ka ʻōlelo a Maimonides ʻo ka paukū "A ʻo ka Sābati iā Iēhova kou Akua" he ʻōlelo hoʻohiki a ʻaʻole he kauoha. Eia nō naʻe, bHe lima ikaika Lawe mai ʻo Maimonides i ke kuleana e mihi ma ke ʻano he kuleana paʻa. ʻO ka hoʻonā i kēia, ʻoiai aia ka uku, no ka sabra a ʻaʻole ka Baibala, no laila ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia i loko.Safamatz. ʻO ka hoʻohālikelike, bHe lima ikaika Lawe mai ʻo Maimonides i kā mākou mau hana halakhic, inā mai ke Torah, mai kahi midrasha, a mai Durban paha a i ʻole kahi kuʻuna, a no laila ke ʻike ʻia nei ke kuleana e mihi.

Ua ʻike mākou ʻo ka liʻiliʻi e like me ka Maimonides ke kuleana e hana i kahi pane ma muli o Sabra. Inā loaʻa kahi ala a ke Akua i hana ai no mākou e hoʻi ai a kala i kā mākou mau hewa, a laila mai Sabra wale nō mākou e hoʻohana ai (e nānā i ka Midrash i hōʻike ʻia ma Brish Shaarei Teshuvah I R.I., e pili ana i ka lalo o ka honua e hoe ana i loko o ka hale paʻahao, kahi e hele ai kēlā me kēia paʻahao).

ʻO kēia hoʻi ke kumu i loko o ka Teshuvah, ʻaʻole ʻo Maimonides i papa inoa wale i nā kānāwai, akā wehewehe pū nō hoʻi i ke kaʻina hana o ka Teshuvah, a haʻi i ka pono o ka Baal Teshuvah (e ʻike iā Ibid. F) i kumu i ka hiki a me ke kuleana e hana i kahi pane. . ʻAʻole ʻike mākou i kēia ʻano palapala ma nā faila halachic ʻē aʻe o Maimonides. ʻIke ʻia ʻo kēia mau mea a pau e hōʻoiaʻiʻo iā mākou he pono e hana ʻia kahi pane, a hiki ke hana ʻia. ʻO ke kumu i hoʻāʻo ai ʻo Maimonides i kāna puke halakhic e hōʻoiaʻiʻo iā mākou e hana i kahi mitzvah, ʻaʻohe kauoha ma ka mitzvah (= ka pane). Aia kona kumu ma Sabra, a no laila, pono ʻo Maimonides e hōʻoiaʻiʻo iā mākou he mea pono naʻe ke hana pēlā, a ʻaʻole kēia o nā kauoha nui loa (a ʻike. Lahama PG HG, ka mea i kakau mai, o ka mea mihi ole ma ia hana, e hoopii ia no ia, a he hewa ka poino. Kue i ka olelo a kakūlana ʻO ka pane ʻole ʻana i luna, ʻaʻole ia he hewa. A aia paha he mahele ma waena o ka hana a me ke koena o ka makahiki).

Ma ka ʻaoʻao o kā mākou ʻōlelo, ʻike mākou ʻo ka nele o nā kauoha e pili ana i nā hana halakhic no ka mea ʻaʻole pono lākou e komo i loko o halakhic dauriyta. Akā, aia kekahi mau mitzvot no ka nele o ke kauoha ma muli o ka hapa nui o ko lākou koʻikoʻi a me ka paʻa. Ma na mitzvos i hookumuia ma ka hana a ke Akua, ua malama ke Torah aole e kauoha mai ia kakou, i hana kakou pela mai ka iteruta deltata.

Ua kākau ka rabbi ma kāna mau leka i kahi loina kumu like e pili ana i ka hana o ka pono. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia ma nā mea nui o ka hana a ke Akua, ua paʻa ka manaʻo mua ʻaʻole i kauoha a hana nui. No keia mea, aole ke kanawai i kauoha mai ia kakou no lakou.[6] ʻO ke kuleana o ka pane ʻana he kumu nui o kēia.

E ko makou Makua a me ke Alii, ua hoi mai makou me ka mihi piha imua ou.

Makemake au i ka Beit Yeshiva holoʻokoʻa, ka Rosh Yeshiva Shlita, nā limahana hoʻolaʻa, nā haumāna aloha a me ko lākou mau ʻohana ma ke ʻano holoʻokoʻa i ka Beit Yisrael holoʻokoʻa, maikaʻi ke kākau a me ka pūlima ma ka puke o Tzaddiks. E lilo ia i makahiki holomua a hoʻomaha hemolele. He makahiki o ke olakino (no ke keiki aloha ʻo Israel Yosef ben Ruth ben Tolila a no kākou a pau). He makahiki aliyah ma ke Torah a me ka hana, a me ka pomaikai ma na hana a pau.

[1] A ʻae ʻo ia bola kanaka, AShaarei Teshuvah Ua haʻi aku ʻo R.I.

[2] ʻOiai ka GRIP i kāna wehewehe ʻana iKa Buke Kauoha ʻO Rasg, wehewehe ʻo ke ʻano Rasg he mitzvah e ʻai i ka ʻiʻo ke maikaʻi ko mākou kūlana, i aʻo ʻia mai ka pauku: Akā, he ala kū hoʻokahi kēia, a he ʻoiaʻiʻo nō hoʻi ke kānāwai o ka pepehi ʻana i ke ʻano e makemake wale ai ke kanaka e ʻai i ka ʻiʻo, ʻoiai ʻaʻole ākea kona palena a ʻaʻohe kumu o ka ʻai ʻana.

[3] He mea maʻalahi kāna ʻike: inā he hewa ka mihi me ka haʻi ʻole ʻana, ʻo ia hoʻi, hoʻopau ʻia, no ka mea, ʻoi aku ka hewa o ke ʻano o ka mea i hana hewa a mihi ʻole me ka haʻi ʻole ʻana ma mua o ka mea i hana hewa ʻole a mihi ʻole. ʻAʻole paha kēia.

[4] Nui nā laʻana o nā mitzvos i loaʻa kekahi mau kikoʻī. No ka laʻana, ke kauoha o nā ʻano ʻehā, a i ʻole ke kauoha o ka tassel (ʻulaʻula uliuli a keʻokeʻo). E nānā e pili ana i kēia ma ke kumu XNUMX o Maimonides.

[5] Ua wehewehe kekahi i ka nele o ka mitzvah a Yishuv Ai mai ka helu o nā mitzvos, ʻoiai aia kekahi mau hōʻike e ʻae pū ana ʻo Maimonides he mitzvah kēia mai ke Torah.

[6] E ʻike pū i nā ʻatikala "Ka hāʻawi a me ka Challah: Ma waena o nā kauoha a me ka makemake o ke Akua", awakea Kaz (a ma laila wau i hoʻokaʻawale ai ma waena o nā ʻano ʻelua o ia mitzvos).

Waiho i ka manaʻo